The first empires
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The First Empires. Chapter 3 Lesson 5. Objectives. Describe how the first empires developed. Explain the significance of the Code of Hammurabi. Describe the accomplishments of the first empires. Vocabulary. Conquer - to take over

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The First Empires

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The first empires

The First Empires

Chapter 3 Lesson 5


Objectives

Objectives

  • Describe how the first empires developed.

  • Explain the significance of the Code of Hammurabi.

  • Describe the accomplishments of the first empires.


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Conquer - to take over

  • Empire – vast lands and varied people under the control of a single government

  • Emperor – the leader of an empire

  • Standing Army – a permanent army

  • Tribute – a required payment from one ruler to a more powerful ruler

  • Code of Hammurabi – the collection of laws that Hammurabi organized for the people of Babylon to follow


The akkadian empire

The Akkadian Empire

  • In about 2350 BC a leader named Sargon led his army to conquer the Sumerian city-states

  • Sargon began the first empire called the Akkadian Empire


Hammurabi and the babylonian empire

Hammurabi and the Babylonian Empire

  • Hammurabi, king of Babylon, ruled the Babylonian Empire, which included most of Mesopotamia

  • He compiled a set of laws known as the Code of Hammurabi


Kassite and assyrian rule

Kassite and Assyrian Rule

  • After the fall of the Babylonian Empire, the Hittites raided the region, and then the Kassites conquered it

  • Later, the Assyrians conquered Mesopotamia, creating the largest empire in the world at the time


Summary

Summary

  • Competition for resources gave rise to early empires in Mesopotamia

  • Sargon built the regions first empire, the Akkadian Empire.

  • The Babylonian Empire grew under Hammurabi, who is remembered for his code of laws.

  • Over time, the Kassites and the Assyrians also built empires in the region


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