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The First Empires. Chapter 3 Lesson 5. Objectives. Describe how the first empires developed. Explain the significance of the Code of Hammurabi. Describe the accomplishments of the first empires. Vocabulary. Conquer - to take over

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the first empires

The First Empires

Chapter 3 Lesson 5

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe how the first empires developed.
  • Explain the significance of the Code of Hammurabi.
  • Describe the accomplishments of the first empires.
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Conquer - to take over
  • Empire – vast lands and varied people under the control of a single government
  • Emperor – the leader of an empire
  • Standing Army – a permanent army
  • Tribute – a required payment from one ruler to a more powerful ruler
  • Code of Hammurabi – the collection of laws that Hammurabi organized for the people of Babylon to follow
the akkadian empire
The Akkadian Empire
  • In about 2350 BC a leader named Sargon led his army to conquer the Sumerian city-states
  • Sargon began the first empire called the Akkadian Empire
hammurabi and the babylonian empire
Hammurabi and the Babylonian Empire
  • Hammurabi, king of Babylon, ruled the Babylonian Empire, which included most of Mesopotamia
  • He compiled a set of laws known as the Code of Hammurabi
kassite and assyrian rule
Kassite and Assyrian Rule
  • After the fall of the Babylonian Empire, the Hittites raided the region, and then the Kassites conquered it
  • Later, the Assyrians conquered Mesopotamia, creating the largest empire in the world at the time
summary
Summary
  • Competition for resources gave rise to early empires in Mesopotamia
  • Sargon built the regions first empire, the Akkadian Empire.
  • The Babylonian Empire grew under Hammurabi, who is remembered for his code of laws.
  • Over time, the Kassites and the Assyrians also built empires in the region
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