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The First Empires. Chapter 1 Section 3. The Assyrian Empire. 1,000 years after Hammurabi, the Assyrian Empire rose to power The Assyrians built a strong army The Assyrians began taking over the rest of Mesopotamia. The Assyrian Army. The Assyrians had the strongest army of the time:

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the first empires

The First Empires

Chapter 1 Section 3

the assyrian empire
The Assyrian Empire
  • 1,000 years after Hammurabi, the Assyrian Empire rose to power
  • The Assyrians built a strong army
  • The Assyrians began taking over the rest of Mesopotamia
the assyrian army
The Assyrian Army
  • The Assyrians had the strongest army of the time:
    • They were well organized
    • They had iron weapons (stronger than copper and tin)
    • They were ferocious warriors
assyrian government
Assyrian Government
  • The capital of Assyria was Ninevah
  • The government was well-organized
  • The empire was divided into provinces (political districts)
  • Each province collected taxes
life in assyria
Life in Assyria
  • Assyrians also worshipped many Gods
  • Wrote many books and made one of the world’s first libraries
  • Assyrians did not treat their people well
    • This lead to fighting
    • The Chaldeans seized an

opportunity to rebel.

An Assyrian tablet, which tells a story

the chaldeans
The Chaldeans
  • The Chaldeans broke away from the Assyrian Empire
  • The Chaldeans controlled all of Mesopotamia from

605 B.C. – 562 B.C (only 43 years)

  • The Chaldeans were led by King Nebuchadnezzar
the chaldeans babylon
The Chaldeans’ Babylon
  • Most Chaldeans were descendants of Babylon (1,200 years earlier), so they rebuilt the city of Babylon
  • Babylon became the richest city in Mesopotamia
  • Nebuchadnezzar built the Hanging Gardens for his wife.
did you know
Did you know?
  • The Chaldeans’ Babylon was a center of science
  • They had astronomers who mapped the stars in the sky
  • The Chaldeans were the first people to have a seven-day week
  • They made one of the

first sundials!

the fall of the chaldean empire
The Fall of the Chaldean Empire
  • As time passed, the Chaldeans began to lose power
  • It was hard for them to control the peoples they had conquered
  • In 539 B.C. Persians from the mountains captured Babylon
  • Mesopotamia became part of the new Persian Empire

 SAD FACE 

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