By lydia grace halle lara
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P. F. T. P. By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara. FIRST PAST THE POST. The candidate who wins the most votes in a particular constituency becomes the MP for that constituency.

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By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara

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By lydia grace halle lara

P

F

T

P

By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara


First past the post

FIRST PAST THE POST

  • The candidate who wins the most votes in a particular constituency becomes the MP for that constituency.

  • The party who then have the most candidates elected to parliament would form the government if they won by a clear majority.

  • If not then it becomes a ‘Hung’ parliament and parties would be expected to form coalitions like the one formed between Conservatives and Lib Dems in 2010 General Election.


Advantages of first past the post

ADVANTAGES OF FIRST PAST THE POST

  • Simple to understand, does not cost a huge amount of money to explain to people and people who are not the strongest counters.

  • Totalling up all the votes does not take a long time so results can be announced in a short time frame after the polls close.

  • Normally it leads to a two party race meaning that there is normally a single party in power meaning they do not always have to rely on other parties to pass legislation.


Disadvantages of first past the post

DISADVANTAGES OF FIRST PAST THE POST

  • The voting system does not allow fair representation for smaller parties.

    • This was displayed in the 2010 UK General Election when the Lib Dems received 23% of the total votes and only won 9% of (57) seats.

  • People vote tactically, voting against candidates rather than for the one they wish to see win.

  • Huge numbers of votes are wasted.

  • Small constituency boundaries mean that ‘safe’ seats are almost unpreventable with the same party winning seats in specific areas every election.

  • Choice of candidate is restricted therefore representation of women and minorities suffers as they ‘safest’ looking candidate is most likely to be given the chance to stand for elections.


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