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P. F. T. P. By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara. FIRST PAST THE POST. The candidate who wins the most votes in a particular constituency becomes the MP for that constituency.

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By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara

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P

F

T

P

By Lydia, Grace, Halle & Lara


FIRST PAST THE POST

  • The candidate who wins the most votes in a particular constituency becomes the MP for that constituency.

  • The party who then have the most candidates elected to parliament would form the government if they won by a clear majority.

  • If not then it becomes a ‘Hung’ parliament and parties would be expected to form coalitions like the one formed between Conservatives and Lib Dems in 2010 General Election.


ADVANTAGES OF FIRST PAST THE POST

  • Simple to understand, does not cost a huge amount of money to explain to people and people who are not the strongest counters.

  • Totalling up all the votes does not take a long time so results can be announced in a short time frame after the polls close.

  • Normally it leads to a two party race meaning that there is normally a single party in power meaning they do not always have to rely on other parties to pass legislation.


DISADVANTAGES OF FIRST PAST THE POST

  • The voting system does not allow fair representation for smaller parties.

    • This was displayed in the 2010 UK General Election when the Lib Dems received 23% of the total votes and only won 9% of (57) seats.

  • People vote tactically, voting against candidates rather than for the one they wish to see win.

  • Huge numbers of votes are wasted.

  • Small constituency boundaries mean that ‘safe’ seats are almost unpreventable with the same party winning seats in specific areas every election.

  • Choice of candidate is restricted therefore representation of women and minorities suffers as they ‘safest’ looking candidate is most likely to be given the chance to stand for elections.


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