Why empires collapse
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WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE?. Poor Leadership. Civil War divides the empire-exposing it to attack from foreign enemies. Too large to govern, control, and protect. Rule of the rich. Religious differences. INFLATION: What is it?.

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WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE?

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WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE?

  • Poor Leadership.

  • Civil War divides the empire-exposing it to attack from foreign enemies.

  • Too large to govern, control, and protect.

  • Rule of the rich.

  • Religious differences.


INFLATION: What is it?

Inflation=a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money.

Example of inflation in Ancient Rome

  • Shortage of silver for making coins.

  • Coins were made containing less silver.

  • Merchants raised prices to acquire the same amount of silver.

  • Result=Money isn’t worth as much and prices increase.


Chapter 7 section 6 Terms

Inflation

Diocletian

Constantine

Goths

Vandals

Huns

Attila

Alaric


Use pages 172-177 to complete the chart


1) POOR LEADERSHIP

  • Commodus replaces his father Marcus Aurelius as emperor of Rome in 180 A.D. (Marcus was the last of the 5 Good Emperors).

  • Commodus proves to be incompetent and is assassinated in 192 A.D.

  • Emperors changed often and fought for the throne until 284 A.D.=created instability and civil war.


2) CIVIL WAR DIVIDES THE EMPIRE-EXPOSING IT TO FOREIGN INVADERS.

  • Economy went bad due to lack of wealth coming in from outside the empire.

  • Result is inflation=A rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money.

  • Farmers sold their land to pay their debts.

  • Revolts by the Goths(Germans) in 378 A.D.


2) CIVIL WAR CON’T

  • The Goths defeat the Roman army at the battle of Adrianople in 378 A.D.

  • In 410 A.D. the Visigoth (East German) King Alaric sacks Rome-First time in 800 years it had been done to Rome.

  • The Vandals (East German) conquer the province of North Africa in 429 A.D. and sack Rome in 455 A.D.


2) Civil War Con’t.

  • Attila the Hun (Asia) attacks Gaul (Germany) in 451 A.D. but are defeated by a combined Roman-Visigoth Army.

  • Attila turns South and attacks Italy sacking several Italian cities.

  • Attila’s army is defeated only because it is decimated by the plague, however in 476 A.D. he overthrows Romulus Augustus and ends the Roman Empire in the West.


3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL

  • Diocletian divides the Roman Empire in 284 A.D. to make it easier to govern.

  • Diocletian ruled the Eastern Empire.

  • Maximian, the co-emperor, ruled the Western Empire.


3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL CON’T.

  • Reforms under Diocletian:

  • Rebuilt the Roman Army and used it to protect the empire.

  • Individual Freedom was given up for protection and security.

  • Kicked out the barbarian tribes of Gaul back across the Rubicon River.

  • Controlled wages and prices to fight against inflation and improve the economy.


3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL CON’T

  • Constantine, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, spread Christianity throughout the Empire.

  • Made the Eastern Empire wealthy and powerful.

  • The capital of the Eastern Empire became known as Constantinople.

  • Eastern Empire remained strong and did not fall until 1453 A.D.


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