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WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE?. Poor Leadership. Civil War divides the empire-exposing it to attack from foreign enemies. Too large to govern, control, and protect. Rule of the rich. Religious differences. INFLATION: What is it?.

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Why empires collapse
WHY EMPIRES COLLAPSE?

  • Poor Leadership.

  • Civil War divides the empire-exposing it to attack from foreign enemies.

  • Too large to govern, control, and protect.

  • Rule of the rich.

  • Religious differences.


Inflation what is it
INFLATION: What is it?

Inflation=a rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money.

Example of inflation in Ancient Rome

  • Shortage of silver for making coins.

  • Coins were made containing less silver.

  • Merchants raised prices to acquire the same amount of silver.

  • Result=Money isn’t worth as much and prices increase.


Chapter 7 section 6 terms
Chapter 7 section 6 Terms

Inflation

Diocletian

Constantine

Goths

Vandals

Huns

Attila

Alaric



1 poor leadership
1) POOR LEADERSHIP

  • Commodus replaces his father Marcus Aurelius as emperor of Rome in 180 A.D. (Marcus was the last of the 5 Good Emperors).

  • Commodus proves to be incompetent and is assassinated in 192 A.D.

  • Emperors changed often and fought for the throne until 284 A.D.=created instability and civil war.


2 civil war divides the empire exposing it to foreign invaders
2) CIVIL WAR DIVIDES THE EMPIRE-EXPOSING IT TO FOREIGN INVADERS.

  • Economy went bad due to lack of wealth coming in from outside the empire.

  • Result is inflation=A rise in prices caused by a decrease in the value of money.

  • Farmers sold their land to pay their debts.

  • Revolts by the Goths(Germans) in 378 A.D.


2 civil war con t
2) CIVIL WAR CON’T INVADERS.

  • The Goths defeat the Roman army at the battle of Adrianople in 378 A.D.

  • In 410 A.D. the Visigoth (East German) King Alaric sacks Rome-First time in 800 years it had been done to Rome.

  • The Vandals (East German) conquer the province of North Africa in 429 A.D. and sack Rome in 455 A.D.


2 civil war con t1
2) Civil War Con’t. INVADERS.

  • Attila the Hun (Asia) attacks Gaul (Germany) in 451 A.D. but are defeated by a combined Roman-Visigoth Army.

  • Attila turns South and attacks Italy sacking several Italian cities.

  • Attila’s army is defeated only because it is decimated by the plague, however in 476 A.D. he overthrows Romulus Augustus and ends the Roman Empire in the West.


3 too large to govern and control
3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL INVADERS.

  • Diocletian divides the Roman Empire in 284 A.D. to make it easier to govern.

  • Diocletian ruled the Eastern Empire.

  • Maximian, the co-emperor, ruled the Western Empire.


3 too large to govern and control con t
3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL CON’T. INVADERS.

  • Reforms under Diocletian:

  • Rebuilt the Roman Army and used it to protect the empire.

  • Individual Freedom was given up for protection and security.

  • Kicked out the barbarian tribes of Gaul back across the Rubicon River.

  • Controlled wages and prices to fight against inflation and improve the economy.


3 too large to govern and control con t1
3) TOO LARGE TO GOVERN AND CONTROL CON’T INVADERS.

  • Constantine, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, spread Christianity throughout the Empire.

  • Made the Eastern Empire wealthy and powerful.

  • The capital of the Eastern Empire became known as Constantinople.

  • Eastern Empire remained strong and did not fall until 1453 A.D.



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