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Birth Control in the Developing World

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Birth Control Issues in the Developing World

Lyndi Buckingham

FS HN 342 World Food Issues


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Women in the Developing World

  • Birth control important factor in

    • Population Growth and Size

    • Health Care System

    • Environmental Degradation

    • World Economics

  • Need for effective birth control prevention and intervention to

    • Prevent unintended pregnancy

    • Help women safely through pregnancyand child birth

    • Prevent and treat sexually transmitted infections


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Results from lack of Prevention

  • Every year

    • 120 million couples with unmet need for contraception

    • 80 million women have unintended pregnancies

    • More than ½ million women die from complications associated with pregnancy and childbirth

    • 340 million people acquire new STDs/STIs

PHOTO: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.worldpulse.com/files/upload/4618/india_pill50blog.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.worldpulse.com/node/20478&usg=__28fC0njL5BcxpRiALWvvXETuuZs=&h=527&w=400&sz=133&hl=en&start=16&sig2=Rvij2DAYoGIyDVneLBRHCg&zoom=1&tbn


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Health Care and Birth Control

  • HIV/AIDs

    • 17.5 million women have HIV/AIDs

    • Large percentage between the ages of 15 and 24 years

    • More susceptible due to unprotected sex

    • Male dominate culture largely the cause

PHOTO: http://knol.google.com/k/hiv#


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Health Care and Birth Control

  • Unsafe abortions

  • Higher risk of mortality due to young age or pre-existing health complications

  • Pregnancy due to lack of birth control causes greater health care risks including…

    • High risk of malnutrition

PHOTO:http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/katineblog/2008/jul/11/isbirthcontroloneofuganda


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Population Growth and Birth Control

  • Population Growth major issue in rural India

    • Population risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 42.6 million in 2001

  • Dense population can lead to

    • Environmental degradation

    • Limited health care

  • Burden on government to aid in education of family planning and birth control for women

PHOTO: http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/David-R.-Francis/2010/0422/Nations-export-people.-Here-s-why-they-shouldn-t


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Call for Birth Control

  • Promote the right for women to use birth control

    • Reduce stigma of use of contraceptives

    • Encourage gender equality

  • Use of birth control can help prevent harm (non-maleficence) and improve the future of others (beneficence)

    • Prevent health issues (STD’s and HIV/AIDs)

    • Promote healthy environment, healthy economy, and healthier world population

PHOTO:http://www.planetwire.org/show.php?mf=3&type=10&beat=1


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