The readiness and range preservation initiative
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The Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative. Prof. R. Wilson ES 333: Environmental Policy Dominique Shaw. Military Environmental Policy. Foreign Environmental Policy - Wartime strategies/Impacts *usually examined in context of A single conflict

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The Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative

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The readiness and range preservation initiative

The Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative

Prof. R. Wilson

ES 333: Environmental Policy

Dominique Shaw


Military environmental policy

Military Environmental Policy

  • Foreign Environmental

    Policy

    - Wartime strategies/Impacts

    *usually examined in context

    of A single conflict

    (Vietnam, Gulf War, etc..)

    - Building installations overseas

  • Domestic Environmental

    Policy

    -Ideal Goal: Balance security and

    Environmental Concerns

    - governed by same environmental laws that

    apply to other federal agencies

    -For past 3yrs dod has aggressively been

    seeking exemption from these laws through

    submitting a series of provisions to congress


Military land use

Military Land USe

  • Over 30 million acres in the U.S. are controlled by the military (Department of Defense)

    -army installations cover 12 million of the 30 million acres

    -of those 12 million acres 90% are used for training and weapons testing

  • 20% of the nation’s endangered plants and animal species inhabit these areas

  • Military also relies on public space like coastal waters and air for training

  • Military actions have immense

    impact on the natural

    environment


Readiness and range preservation initiative

Readiness and Range Preservation Initiative

  • ‘We are the best military in the world, bar none, and the reason for that is that we train more often, we train to higher standards, and most importantly we train under realistic combat conditions, and that includes and emphasizes live-fire training and the testing of our weapons systems.’

    ~ Under Secretary of Defense for Readiness

    on behalf of the DoD

  • The RRPI package seeks to exempt the military from:

    - national environmental policy act (Nepa)

    - Endangered Species act (ESA)

    - Migratory bird treaty act (MBTA)

    - Marine Mammal protection act (mmpa)

    - clean air act

    - resource conservation and recovery act (RCra)

    - superfund (cercla)


Congress response to rrpi

Congress Response to RRPI

  • 2002 congress exempted military from the MBTA

    - allows for the unintentional killing of migratory birds

    - changes decades long policy of joining with neighboring nations to protect 850 species of migratory birds

  • 2003 exemptions from ESA

    and MMPA

  • - esa exemption

  • passed a law authorizing the military to use

  • integrated natural resource management \

  • plans in place of more restrictive critical

  • habitat designations required by the esa

  • - MMPA Exemption

  • authorized due to national security


  • Rrpi provisions currently in congress

    RRPI Provisions currently in congress

    • Exemption from Clean Air Act

      -would allow new units that

      are moved into an installation more

      time before they are required to

      comply with Clean Air Act State

      Implementation Plan

    • Exemptions from RCRA and CERCLA

      - would ease overall regulations on munitions and clean

      up


    Opposition to rrpi

    Opposition to rrpi

    • Variety of Environmental organizations

      - nrdc has filed suit against

      Department of defense

    • Major challenge to the opposition

      - recommendations require a shift in military

      view on its responsibility to the environment


    Benefits of military compliance

    Benefits of Military Compliance

    • Adhering to the environmental laws the Dod is seeking exemption from would actually help to ensure that:

      - realistic environment needed for training is maintained

      - safety of military workers and their families

      - save military from paying fines, penalties and engaging

      in costly litigation

      - would boost the military’s public image both

      domestically and abroad


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • The passing of these provisions will indicate how the military is going to conduct domestic environmental policy in the future

    • As our major source of national

      security, the military should be set

      an example of environmental

      consciousness

    • The implementation of these provisions would place the military above the law and send negative messages both domestically and overseas

    • Severe degradation to environment


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