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Performance Specifications Presented By:. Diane Heckemeyer, P.E. State Design Engineer. Bruce Green, P.E. Technical Support Engineer. Kirsten Munck, P.E. Standards Specialist. Performance Specifications. What are they?. Types of Specifications: (Listed in Hierarchical Order)

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Performance Specifications

Presented By:

Diane Heckemeyer, P.E.

State Design Engineer

Bruce Green, P.E.

Technical Support Engineer

Kirsten Munck, P.E.

Standards Specialist

  • Types of Specifications:

  • (Listed in Hierarchical Order)

    • Performance

    • End Result

    • Performance-Based

    • Performance-Related

    • Statistical

    • QC/QA

    • Method

Examples of most can be found in the new spec book.

The type of work will dictate

the type of specification used.

MoDOT’s Goal:

Eliminate method specifications wherever possible.


Describes how the finished product should perform over time. Other than warranties/guarantees, performance specs had not been used in highway construction.


Specification that directs the contractor to use specified material in definite proportions and specific types of equipment and methods to place the material.

How are they different?

Rather than providing the detailed steps, we tell the contractor what finished product we want.

A BRIEF history of performance specifications.


  • June 1994 - US Secretary of Defense directed the reform of military specifications and standards.

  • The idea caught on, and state DOT’s began using them in limited applications.

  • As of November 2000, over half of the state DOT’s were using performance specifications in one form or another.


Bridge Painting



Design/Build Projects

Missouri will be the first state to entirely revise its specifications to performance wherever possible.

Why Use Performance Specifications? specifications to performance wherever possible.

  • Encourage innovative thinking

  • Promote new construction techniques

  • Minimize restrictions by state government

  • Allow contractors to showcase their work

  • Lower costs for the taxpayer

The PROCESS specifications to performance wherever possible.

How did we get where we are now?

Late in the Summer of 2001… specifications to performance wherever possible.

A Steering Committee was formed including individuals representing:

  • Construction and Materials

  • Pat McDaniel

  • Dennis Bryant

  • Vicki Woods

  • Design

  • Kirsten Munck

  • A District

  • Phil Knott-D9

  • FHWA

  • Mary Ridgeway

  • Industry

  • Rusty Crane

  • Tom Kraus (Millstone Bangert)  

  • January 2002 – specifications to performance wherever possible.

  • with the recommendations of the Steering Committee…

  • A Project Coordinator was designated in Design.

  • Each section of the spec book was assigned to a

  • functional unit.

  • Functional Unit Leaders assigned team leaders.

  • Deadline for submitting the first draft was

  • December 31, 2002.

  • Training was provided to most participants.

  • MoDOT Employees

  • FHWA Personnel

  • 140 Industry Representatives

More than 250 individuals served on

76 teams.

All draft specifications were following documents to revise relating to their specs:

posted on the website for a

30-day comment period.

Web Site:

  • After the comment period, following documents to revise relating to their specs:

  • each specification passed through

  • a series of approvals:

  • Engineering Policy Subcommittee (Technical Experts)

  • Engineering Policy Committee (Functional Unit Leaders)

  • The Directors of Project Development and Project Operations

  • Chief Engineer

The entire revised book was posted for final 30-day comment period

January 5, 2004.

Release Date:

June 1, 2004

Effective Date: period

July 1, 2004

How does all of this affect Designers? period

Conversion from method specs to performance specs – very little.

Revisions to existing specifications, job special provisions and new specs will.

Standard JSP’s and Pay Items will period

affect designers the most.

Many JSP’s were incorporated

into the specifications.

  • Sec 101 – Definitions for “Shall” and “Will” were added

  • Sec 104 – Incorporated Railroad Liability Insurance JSP.

  • Sec 105 – Revised ranking of contract documents:

    • Project Specific Drawings ranked ahead of General Provisions.

    • Standard Drawings moved behind Standard Specs.

Division 200 period

Grading and Removals

  • Sec 201 – Clearing and Grubbing incorporated into one item and measured and paid for by the acre.

  • Sec 203 – Incorporated “Embankment in Place” GSP.

  • Sec 203 - Sandstone and Igneous Rock Excavation are now part of Class C.

  • Sec 205 – Overhaul has been deleted.

Division 200 period

Grading and Removals

  • Sec 206 – Added Class 4 Excavation for box culverts.

  • Sec 207 – Revised Linear Grading Classifications

  • Sec 213 – “Shaping Shoulders,” has been deleted.

  • Sec 214 – Incorporated Rock Fill specs from Sec 611.

  • Sec 303 – “Rock Base,” reduced from 24" to 18".

  • Sec 304 – “Aggregate Base,” - removed method of payment by the yd3 and ton.

  • Moved or Deleted the following sections

    • 301 – Plant Mix Bituminous Base (401)

    • 306 – Modified Subgrades (205)

    • 308 – Portland Cement Treated Bases

    • 309 – Portland Cement Concrete Base (502)

    • 311 – Processing Aggregate Surface (401)

  • Asphalt will no longer be paid by two components.

    • Full depth pavements – yd2 (m2)

    • Resurfacing/Rehabilitation – “wet” ton (Mg)

  • Secs 401 & 402 incorporated the Recycled Asphalt JSP.

  • Sec 403 – Incorporated “Superpave Asphaltic Concrete Pavement” (MSP 95-03Y).

    • Sec 405 – “Reclaimed Bituminous Material” (deleted).

    • Sec 409 – “Seal Coat” paid by yd2 instead of two components.

    • Sec 413 – “Surface Treatments,” new section created for preventive maintenance.

    • Sec 506 – Incorporated the GSP, “Portland Cement Concrete Unbonded Overlay”and the “Ultrathin Concrete Whitetopping” JSP.

      • Unbonded overlays paid with one pay item, “furnishing / placing”.

      • Unbonded overlays have a surface prep item.

      • Ultrathin paid with two items “furnishing” and “placing”.

    • Sec 601 – Reduced # of field laboratories from five to three.

    • Sec 606 – Added aesthetic guardrail and delineators. Aggregate bedding is now required for 3-strand guard cable (and paid for separately).

    • Sec 608 – Incorporated the GSP, “Tinting of Concrete for ADA Ramps,” and JSP “Truncated Domes,” (DSP-02-10A) into this section.

    • Sec 612 –“Impact Attenuators.” (Formerly a JSP) Permanent barricades will no longer be used; they will now be large breakaway signs, which were moved to Sec 903.

    • Sec 613 – Added specs and pay items for Class A and Class B Partial Depth Pavement Repair and for Dowel Bar Retrofits.

    • Sec 614 – Added parallel bar and curved vane grates.

    • Sec 615 – Deleted “Office for Engineer” – this will now be a JSP.

    • Sec 616 – Numerous JSP’s and GSP’s have been incorporated. Added lighting specs for night work and “Work Zone Traffic Signals.” “No Center Stripe” signs will be contractor furnished.

    • Sec 617 – Delineators will be used for concrete barrier. Any necessary striping will now be done by district forces, and no pay items are to be used for that purpose.

    • Sec 619 – Pavement Edge Treatment measurement and payment has been changed. Payment will only be made for work completed, and one time only.

    • Sec 620 – Numerous JSP’s and GSP’s have been incorporated. The number of pay items will be reduced dramatically (intermittent and solid pay items were combined). No direct pay for temporary pavement marking on milling, grinding and resurfacing projects.

    • Sec 626 – All rumble strips will now be milled. Dimensions have changed.

    • Sec 627 – “Contractor Surveying and

    • Staking” new section created to incorporate “Contractor Furnished Surveying and Staking” JSP, (DSP-01-08).

    • Secs 725 through 730 – Established new pipe groups. Expanded the usage of metal and plastic pipe.

    • Sec 728 – Eliminated “Re-laid Pipe” and substituted “Corrugated PVC Culvert Pipe” instead.

    • Sec 802 – Mulch will now be considered incidental to seeding. Eliminated some of the different types of mulch.

    • Sec 805 –Alternate seed types will be allowed. New seed mixtures were added.

    • Sec 806 –Added pay item for inlet checks. Removed various silt fence pay items. Material used to control sheet flow is at the option of the contractor.

    • Sec 808 –Removed a number of allowable species. Added a new standard plan for use as a planting guide.

    Division 900 period

    Traffic Control Facilities

    • Sec 902 – Incorporated applicable JSP’s.

    • Sec 903 – Removed electrical requirements for structural sign lighting. These will be made into a JSP for retrofit projects. Added references to wood posts, U-channel posts, and perforated square steel tubes.

    Revisions to the period

    JSP Database

    Revisions to the period

    General Provisions

    FAQ’s period

    • Consultant Contracts

    • Project “On the Shelf”

    • Estimate 2000 Updates

    • Questions from Contractors

    Who should I contact for more information? period

    • Specific Specification Sections

      • Team Leader

  • Specifications in General

    • Kirsten Munck

  • Project Development Manual

    • Dan Tschirgi

    • Standard Plans

      • Keith Smith

  • JSP’s/DSP’s

    • Mike Qutami

  • Pay Items

    • Jeff Campbell

    • Estimate Information

      • Travis Koestner

    Questions? period