Chapter 1. The Peopling of the World Prehistory-2500 B.C. Section 1: Human Origins in Africa. Scientists Search for Human Origins. Prehistory 5,000 years ago a time before writing. Scientific Clues. Archaeologists
The Peopling of the World
The Discovery of “Lucy”
Lucy and other hominids who walked upright were australopithecines.
Walking helped them travel and watch for danger, carry food and children
Opposable thumbs were developed
Earlier and longer part of the Stone Age is called the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Age
Invention of tools, fire and language
2.5 million to 8000 B.C.
New Stone Age or Neolithic Age
8000 B.C. – 3000 B.C.
Polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops and raise animals
“man of skill”
Believed that Homo erectus developed into Homo sapiens, “wise men”
Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons traditionally are classified as early groups of Homo sapiens
1997 DNA tests has shown that Neanderthals were not ancestors of modern humans.
Europe and Asia
Cuevas de las Manos, Argentina
Chapter 1 Section 2
Humans Try to Control Nature
into ravines to be