Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism. Chapter 21 Section 1 Pg 513. What is a Dynasty?. Why have the New York Yankees been referred to as a dynasty? They kept winning….. year, after year, after year, after year…. So…What is a dynasty?. A line of hereditary rulers
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Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism
Chapter 21 Section 1
year, after year, after year,
*Spain’s American colonies
*parts of Italy
* lands in Austria and the Netherlands
-gave brother Ferdinand: Austria and the Holy Roman Empire
-gave son Philip II: Spain, Spanish Netherlands, and American colonies
1) Spain’s growing population demanded more food, and merchants raised prices
2) as silver flooded the market, value dropped and it took more and more silver to buy things
To finance wars, Spanish Kings borrowed money from German and Italian bankers
Had to repay debts with silver coming in from colonies
Spain’s economy became so pathetic that Philip had to declare Spain bankrupt 3 times
called the Spanish
Netherlands, had been
controlled by Spain
from the 16th century
-Dutch were Calvinists and they were Catholics in Spain
-Spain had weak economy, Dutch had strong trade and middle class
Philip raised taxes in the Netherlands and tried to crush Protestantism
In response, angry Protestants swept through Catholic churches, destroying religious paintings and statues
Philip sent in an army under Spanish duke Alva to punish them
-the duke executed 1500 Protestants in 1 day
-had religious tolerance
-wasn’t a kingdom, but a republic
- the decline of feudalism
- the rise of cities
-growth of national kingdoms
17th century was a period of disorder
Religious and territorial conflicts led to continuous war
This caused governments to build huge armies and raise taxes
This led to widespread fighting
Monarchs tried to impose order by increasing their own power
1. What is the message behind these political cartoons?
2. Do you think absolute power has to be corrupt? Why or why not?
3. What does it mean regarding absolute power- “you’ve got to use it, or lose it”?
4. Will absolute power corrupt someone? Why or why not?