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Spain Builds an Empire. Vocabulary. Conquistador. Spanish conquerors who came to the Americas to conquer and get rich. Vasco Nunez de Balboa. Spanish explorer who was the 1 st European to reach the Pacific Ocean. Landed on the isthmus of Panama. Ferdinand Magellan.

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conquistador
Conquistador
  • Spanish conquerors who came to the Americas to conquer and get rich.
vasco nunez de balboa
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
  • Spanish explorer who was the 1st European to reach the Pacific Ocean.
  • Landed on the isthmus of Panama
ferdinand magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
  • Portuguese explorer sailed for Spain.
  • His crew sailed all the way around the world.
montezuma
Montezuma
  • Aztec Emperor ruled over Mexico.
  • He was conquered by the Spanish Conquistador, Hernando Cortes.
hernando cortes
Hernando Cortes
  • Spanish conquistador who held Montezuma prisoner.
  • He and his army took down the Aztec empire.
francisco pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
  • Another Spanish conquistador who captured the mighty Inca Empire in Peru.
spanish borderlands
Spanish Borderlands
  • Area of the Spanish Empire that spanned from Florida to California.
laws of the indies
Laws of the Indies
  • The code of laws that stated how the Spanish colonies should be organized and ruled.
pueblos
Pueblos
  • Towns in the Spanish empire that were centers of farming and trade.
juan de onate
Juan de Onate
  • Founded the colony of New Mexico.
  • Used brutal force to conquer the Native Americans of the region.
presidios
Presidios
  • Forts where soldiers lived in the Spanish empire.
  • 1st Presidio was built in 1565 in St. Augustine, Florida.
missions
Missions
  • Religious settlements run by Catholic priests and friars.
  • Used to convert Native Americans.
father eusedbio francisco kino
Father Eusedbio Francisco Kino
  • Spanish priest went to present-day Arizona and set up missions in the area.
peninsulares
Peninsulares
  • Top of the social class in the Spanish colonies.
  • Held the biggest jobs in gov’t.
  • Owned huge tracts of land and gold/silver mines.
creoles
Creoles
  • Class below Peninsulares.
  • Born in Americas to Spanish parents.
  • Were wealthy and well-educated.
  • Also owned land
mestizos
Mestizos
  • 3rd social class
  • People of mixed Spanish and Native American background.
  • Worked on farms owned by Peninsulares and Creoles.
encomiendas
Encomiendas
  • The right to demand labor or taxes from the Native Americans living on the land.
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