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The Holocaust. The Literature. Anti-Semitism : A Brief History. •Definition: prejudice against Jews Social, economic, and political discrimination •In the early Roman empire it was only very rarely that a Jew was granted Roman citizenship. Anti-Semitism : A Brief History.

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The Holocaust

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The Holocaust

The Literature

Anti-Semitism:A Brief History

  • •Definition: prejudice against Jews

    • Social, economic, and political discrimination

  • •In the early Roman empire it was only very rarely that a Jew was granted Roman citizenship

Anti-Semitism:A Brief History

  • •Early Christians blamed all Jews for the crucifiction of Christ

  • •Jews were labled as “Christ Killers”

  • •Label persisted for centuries

  • •Officially repudiated by Vatican II Council in 1964


  • •Prejudice against Jews persisted throughout Europe

  • •Local communities often persecuted Jews

The Inquisition

  • •15th Century Spain put Jews on trial

  • •Jews were

    • forced to convert to Christianity

    • expelled

    • killed

Ghetto Laws--1800’s

  • •Jews were forced to live in walled off sections of cities

  • •Jews were required to wear badges identifying them as Jews

  • •Jews could not own property or hold public office

Early 1900’s

  • •The Rise of Nationalism

    • Unity created by demonizing a common enemy

  • •PsuedoScience

    • Supposedly “Scientific” theories proving Jews and other minorities were inferior to whites

    • Stephen Jay Gould’s reanalysis of skull volume data

A Long History…Hitler did not invent the wheel!

  • •Hitler based his popular support on these centuries of prejudice

  • •His genius was to guide and intensify this prejudice

6 million Jews were killed in less than ten years during Hitler’s reign...

…more than in all of the centuries of anti-semitism that preceded it!

A Stunning Fact:

Nazi Anti-Semitism

  • Jewish/Non-Jewish marriage forbidden

  • Jewish Property Seized

  • Concentration Camps

Kristallnacht, 1938--things take an uglier turn

  • •Jewish conspiracy blamed for assassination of minor German official

  • •7500 Jewish businesses destroyed

  • •237 Synagogues were burned

  • •26,000 Jews were arrested, many beaten, 91 died

  • •Jews were fined $400 million for damage done to their own property

A Synagogue burns that awful night…

The Final Solution…

  • Auschwitz and the Death Camps...

  • Factories designed to kill the largest number of people possible as cheaply as possible and as fast as possible

Methods of Extermination:

  • Cyanide Gas

  • Carbon Monoxide Gas

  • Machine Guns

  • Flamethrowers

  • Lethal Injections

  • Medical “Experiments”

Jewish prisoner submerged in ice water…

The Ovens… The gruesome attempt to hide the evidence

The Literature of the Holocaust

The stories of the survivors…

Lest We Forget!


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