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The Holocaust. Andrea Richardson & Alicia Smith. Adolf Hitler. “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.” Adolf Hitler.

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The holocaust

The Holocaust

Andrea Richardson & Alicia Smith


Adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler

“Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews…until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews.”

  • Adolf Hitler

http://www.librarising.com/astrology/celebs/images2/A/adolfhitler.jpg


The holocaust1
The Holocaust

  • 1933-1945

  • The term “Holocaust” refers to the Nazi’s persecution of the Jewish people

  • Targeted Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Disabled

  • Ethnic cleansing of anyone that did not fit Hitler’s idea of a perfect race.




Wearing a badge
Wearing a Badge Holocaust?

  • Yellow Star of David with the word Jude in the middle

  • November 23, 1939

    • Jews 10-years old or older

  • September 1, 1941

    • All Jews were required to wear

      the yellow Star or arm band

http://www.holocaustcentermilwaukee.org/images/children_star.jpg

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ys4yaY-ijmk/Sr3HL6chgpI/AAAAAAAAAGI/1r7Lc5P9Ngc/s400/yellow_badge.jpg


Wearing a badge1
Wearing a Badge Holocaust?

  • Made them a target of violence and humiliation

He who wears this symbol is

an enemy

of our people.

http://www.geschichteinchronologie.ch/judentum-aktenlage/hol/EncJud_judenstern-d/008-kleber-jude-ist-feind-unseres-volkes.jpg


Wearing a badge caused fear
Wearing a Holocaust? badgecaused fear.

  • I had no choice but to wear the star.

    • Delia Van Haren

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_ph.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007295&MediaId=6222

www.holocaust.com.au/jn/images/pic_peter.gif

  • The yellow badge was a kind of stamp.

  • A stamp that distinguished me from

  • the rest of the population. Anyone

  • could approach me, tell me, do to me

  • whatever they wanted.”

    • JuttaSzmirgeld, age 12


Was it being segregated and excluded
Was it Being Holocaust? Segregated and Excluded?


Segregated from the general public and excluded from parks
Segregated from Holocaust? the general public and excluded from parks

Jews: Entry is Forbidden

Sign at the entrance of a park

Jews go to the left, non-Jews to the right.

Sign on a streetcar

Images from: http://www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/krakow/krkw_pages/krkw_ghetto.html


Excluded from school
Excluded Holocaust? from School

  • November 15, 1938

    • All Jewish children are expelled from public schools.

    • Segregated Jewish schools are created.

Diary Entry:

During the war, I’ve been

studying by myself, at

home. When I remember

that I used to go to school,

I feel like crying.

  • David Rabinowitz, August 1940

http://atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com/atlas_shrugs/2009/04/theworldforgets-on-remembrance-day.html


Excluded from neighborhoods
Excluded from Neighborhoods Holocaust?

  • Forced to live in ghettos

http://lifeboat.com/images/jewish.ghetto.jpg


The ghettos
The Ghettos Holocaust?

Images from: www.eilatgordinlevitan.com/krakow/krkw_pages/krkw_ghetto.html


v Holocaust?

Diary Entry:

When I look at the barbed wire

that separates us from the rest

of the world, my soul longs for

freedom—like a bird in a cage.

My eyes are filled with tears. I

envy those birds that can fly

freely. When I write these words

my heart breaks and I see images

from the past. Will I ever live in

better times? Who knows? It’s a

difficult question. May God help

us. Will I be with my parents and

friends after the war? Will we

have enough bread and rye flour?

Right now the starvation is at its

peak. Once again we have nothing

to cook…. Everybody wants to live.

—Anonymous girl, March 6, 1942,

the ódz ghetto in Poland

http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/photo/lc/image/51/51733.jpg

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3426769/AN-EXHIBITION-OF-THE-UNITED-STATES-HOLOCAUST-MEMORIAL-MUSEUM-WASHINGTON

http://www.kosherdelight.com/GermanyHolocaustChildrenPoland.gif



Hiding in the sewer
Hiding in the Sewer Holocaust?

Krystyna and her brother PawelekChiger lived for 14 months in a sewer, never seeing the light of day.

  • Later we headed for the sewer. It was very wet and dark. I was very scared and I was shaking, but I tried to be calm and only asked Daddy if we still had far to go. There were stones with yellow worms crawling all over. We put all our things over the stones and sat on top of them. It was awful there. Water seeped from the walls and it smelled bad. I saw large, red rats which ran by us just like chickens. At first I was very afraid, but later I got used to it. My little brother, Pawelek, was not scared at all.

    • KrystynaChiger

Krystyna, 7 years old

Pawelek, 3 years old

http://www.adl.org/children_holocaust/story_krystyna.asp


Hiding alone
Hiding Alone Holocaust?

Often, families were torn apart. In a desperate attempt to save their children, parents made the agonizing decision to leave their little ones with strangers. And, frequently, children were left to fend for themselves, wandering through forests and villages in search of food and shelter.

http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/photo/lc/image/89/89473.jpg


Hiding under a different religion
Hiding Under a Holocaust? Different Religion

  • Thousands of Jewish children survived the Holocaust because they were protected by people and institutions of other faiths.

  • Children quickly learned to master the prayers and rituals of their “adopted” religion in order to keep their Jewish identity hidden from even their closest friends.

http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/t/5/children7.jpg

http://www.gexweb.com/Holocaust/inside/images/SisterHuberte.jpg


Hiding under a different religion1
Hiding Under a Different Religion Holocaust?

I was 4 years old and my brother was 5-1/2 years old when we were first separated from our parents and placed in a Protestant orphanage in Belgium. I was a depressed and confused child, but with the passing of time, I began to believe that all children lived away from their parents.

  • LiliSilberman

Lili& Charles Silberman

with their Mother

http://www.adl.org/children_holocaust/beyond_tears1.gif

http://www.adl.org/children_holocaust/beyond_tears2.jpg


Was it living in a concentration camp
Was it Living in a Holocaust? Concentration Camp?


Concentration camps
Concentration Camps Holocaust?

  • Life within Nazi concentration camps was horrible.

  • Prisoners were forced to do hard physical labor and yet given tiny rations.

  • Prisoners slept three or more people per crowded wooden bunk (no mattress or pillow).

  • Torture within the concentration camps was common and deaths were frequent.

http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/media/img/children.jpg

http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00841/HOLOCAUST/holocaust%20pics/holocaust2.jpg


Children were often k illed first
Children Were Holocaust? Often Killed First

  • Because children were generally too young to be deployed at forced labor, German authorities generally selected them, along with the elderly, ill, and disabled, for the first deportations to concentration camps, or as the first victims led to mass graves to be shot.

  • Upon arrival at Auschwitz-Birkenau and other killing centers, the camp authorities sent the majority of children directly to the gas chambers where they were killed by poisonous gases.

Children being led to the gas chambers.

http://www.scrapbookpages.com/auschwitzscrapbook/2005Photos/GasChamberClose-up.jpg


  • Physicians and medical researchers used a number of children, including twins, in concentration camps for medical experiments that often resulted in the deaths of the children.

  • Concentration camp authorities deployed adolescents, particularly Jewish adolescents, at forced labor in the concentration camps, where many died because of conditions.

http://robertbonnett.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/nazi-camp1.jpg


References
References children, including twins, in concentration camps for medical experiments that often resulted in the deaths of the children.

  • Slide 8

    • www.chgs.umn.edu/museum/exhibitions/fragments/theStar.html

    • www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007295

  • Slide 11

    • http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/2009/theme.asp

  • Slide 14

    • http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3426769/AN-EXHIBITION-OF-THE-UNITED-STATES-HOLOCAUST-MEMORIAL-MUSEUM-WASHINGTON

  • Slide 18

    • http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hidden.html

    • Slides 3 and 21

    • http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/holocaustfacts.htm

  • Slides 22 and 23

    • http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005142

  • Slides 16, 17, 19

    • http://www.adl.org/children_holocaust/story_beyond_tears.asp


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