History of medicine 16 th and 17 th century
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History of Medicine: 16 th and 17 th Century. By: Zach Campbell, Raven Martinez, Amna Madesko. Overview. Governments Kingdoms constantly battled over territory. Scientific Revolution Church’s power challenged Atlantic Slave Trade Competition of resources and power Life Expectancy

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History of medicine 16 th and 17 th century
History of Medicine: 16th and 17th Century

By: Zach Campbell, Raven Martinez, Amna Madesko


Overview
Overview

  • Governments

    • Kingdoms constantly battled over territory.

  • Scientific Revolution

    • Church’s power challenged

  • Atlantic Slave Trade

    • Competition of resources and power

  • Life Expectancy

    • Mid 30s to early 40s

  • Power of Church and diminishing education, slows medical advancements.


  • Beliefs
    Beliefs

    • Christianity

      • Dominating religion

      • Suppressing the advancement of medicine

  • Natural Remedies

    • Herbalists could suffer witch accusations.

    • If found guilty, they were drowned or hung by the court.

      • Known as Salem Witch Trials


  • Beliefs1
    Beliefs

    • Four fluids or humors in the body

      • Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile and Black Bile.

    • Disease seeds

      • Seeds that resulted in illness

    • Faulty medical beliefs were spread by different sources of help.


    Sources of help
    Sources of Help

    • Physicians:

      • Highly trained medical doctors

      • Exclusively taught medicine at universities

    • Apothecaries:

      • Skilled in herbal healing

      • Encouraged non-invasive treatments

    • Tooth-Puller:

      • Found at booths during fairs

      • Available to low classes of society


    Sources of help1
    Sources of Help

    • Barber Surgeons

      • Bloodletting belief led to increasing demand

      • Trained in the military and practiced on injured soldiers

      • Performed almost any kind surgery or medical procedure


    Common diseases and epidemics
    Common Diseases and Epidemics

    • Smallpox

      • Viral disease

      • Spread to Americas and Pacific Islands with Exploration

  • Typhus

    • Bacterial disease spread by fleas and lice

    • Affected many prisoners and soldiers


  • Common diseases and epidemics1
    Common Diseases and Epidemics

    • Syphilis

      • Sexually transmitted infection

      • Facial reconstructive surgery began

  • Measles

    • Extremely contagious viral infection

    • Populations decimated


  • Treatments and medical techniques
    Treatments and Medical Techniques

    • New World Medicine

      • Coca plant

      • Herbs used to combat Syphilis

    • Salt Water Cleansing

      • Washing and cleansing wounds

    • Traction Splints

      • Elevate and stabilize broken bones


    Treatments and medical techniques1
    Treatments and Medical Techniques

    • Blood Letting

      • Believed to rid the body of harmful excesses of humors

      • Success depends on area of extraction and amount of blood taken


    Major contributors
    Major Contributors

    • Ambroise Pare

      • Barber Surgeon

      • Took care of the wounded

    • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

      • Scientist

      • Fought for the recognition of his medical discoveries

    • Robert Hooke

      • English Philosopher

      • Used microscopes to view cells

    • William Harvey

      • Physician

      • First to correctly describe human reproduction

    • Their medical research led to ground-breaking discoveries.


    Major discoveries
    Major Discoveries

    • Microorganisms

      • Discovered by Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    • Cells

      • Discovered by Robert Hooke

    • Circulatory System

      • Discovered by William Harvey

    • Disinfectant

      • Made by Ambroise Pare


    Remaining medical practices
    Remaining Medical Practices

    • Facial Surgery

      • Past: Used to fix facial injuries acquired from battle

      • Today: Used for beauty and health reasons

    • Leech Therapy

      • Past: Helped balance the blood humor

      • Today: Encourages blood flow in direction of amputated limbs


    Remaining medical practices1
    Remaining Medical Practices

    • Blood Letting

      • Past: Helped balance the four humors

      • Today: Known as Phlebotomy, where blood is taken for research

    • Barber Pole

      • A remaining symbol of barber surgeons

        • Red stripe= blood

        • Blue stripe= veins

        • White stripe= Doctors’ coats


    Works cited
    Works Cited

    • “The Medical World of Early Modern France.” Oxford, 1997. Web. January 16, 2014.

    • “Early Practices.” Douglas Starr, 2002. Web. January 16, 2014.

    • Seigworth, G. R.. N.p.. Web. 18 Jan 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/redgold/basics/bloodlettinghistory.html>.

    • . N.p.. Web. 18 Jan 2014. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/themes/diseases.asp&xgt

    • Pelling, M.. N.p.. Web. 16 Jan 2014. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/barbersurgeons.asp&xgt;.

    • Risse, G.. N.p.. Web. 18 Jan 2014. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/themes/hospitals.asp&xgt;.

    • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Harvey-Foto.jpg


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