Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

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Dollard et al. (1939) Original Theory. ?Aggression is always a consequence of frustration"Any frustration (the blocking of an important goal) inevitably triggers aggressionAll aggression can be traced to one or more prior frustrations. For Dollard et al.. Frustration is an obstacle that is bl

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Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

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1. Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis Betsy Saccenti

2. Dollard et al. (1939) Original Theory “Aggression is always a consequence of frustration” Any frustration (the blocking of an important goal) inevitably triggers aggression All aggression can be traced to one or more prior frustrations

3. For Dollard et al. Frustration is an obstacle that is blocking a reward or achievement Aggression is a behavior intended to cause injury A very narrow way of thinking about this topic

4. Berkowitz’s (1989) Revised Theory Any negative feelings can set off aggression, including not only feelings of frustration and anger, but also pain, fear, and irritation Not all frustration lead to aggression Physical discomfort is similar to frustration

5. Additionally… People are more strongly instigated to attack their frustrater when they think they have been deliberately and wrongly kept from reaching their goal than when they believe the interference has only been accidental, and they may be inclined to inhibit their aggressive reactions when they think the thwarting was socially proper

6. Further Research Catharsis is not helpful in a therapeutic setting Greater frustration leads to greater aggression The closer the proximity to the goal the greater the frustration

7. Frustration is lessoned when… Instructions stress ideal behavior The situation is non-arbitrary The agent of frustration is an authority figurer and not a peer

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