Adolescence. Lesson 8. Before the Bell: Type 1: what is the biggest misconception that the public has about teens? Why do you think that is?. The most notable change in development in adolescences is growth, but there are major changes in the brain. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeIvtx6HHLg.
Teen brain lecture
4. Awkward Age
a. feel disproportionate as different parts of the body grow at different rates.
b. actually tend to be well coordinated during adolescence.
c. don’t always eat enough of the right foods to support growth spurts. : calcium, iron for girls.
C. Sexual Development
1. Puberty – specific developmental changes that lead to the ability to reproduce.
2. primary sex characteristics – changes that are directly involved in reproduction
3. secondary sex characteristics – no directly involved
4. August 2010- studies showing hitting puberty earlier
D. Differences in Maturation Rates
1. Research suggests that boys who mature early have certain advantages over those who mature later.
2. tend to be more popular and leaders.
3. Size and strength competitive edge in sports, more self assured and relaxed
4. Not necessarily more mature
5. The seeming advantages fade over time.
6. Studies show boys who mature later may show better adjustment as adults.
1. Biology and Adolescence – research suggest that the hormonal changes have effect on the activity levels, mood swings, and aggressive tendencies …but cultural and social influence have more effect.
2. Psychology and Adolescence
a. some people adolescence is long, some people it is relatively short.
B. Relationships with Parents
1. Quest for Independence – as you strive for more independence conflicts may arise.
a. Typical conflicts: homework, chores, money, appearance, curfew, dating, friends.
b. may want to spend less time with family and have more emotional attachment to people who are not family members
C. Lasting Bond
1. Greater independence doesn’t mean you don’t love your families
2. Studies show adolescents who fell close to their parents tend to show greater self-reliance and independence.
3. Tend to share similar social, political, religious, and economic views.
4. Teens tend to interact with their mothers more than their fathers. (and follow the advice of)
D. Relationships with Peer
1. Peers become more important in terms of influence and emotional support.
2. Adolescent Friendships
a. tend to have “best” friends
b. spend a lot of time with them
c. value loyalty as a key aspect
d. generally chose similar in age, background, educational goals, and attitudes toward drinking, drug use, and sexual activity
3. Cliques and Crowds
a. clique – a group of 5-10 people who spend a great deal of time with one another, sharing activities and information
b. crowd – larger groups of people who do not spend as much time together, but share attitudes and group identity
4. Peer Influences
a. parents worry
b. actually research suggests that peers are more likely to urge adolescents to work for good grades and complete high school then to try drugs, sexual activity , etc.
c. Do influence in dress, hair,
speech patterns, music
d. more likely to agree with
parents on education/career goals
4. Peer Influences
e. Peer Pressure –
1.seek approval of peers and feel better about yourself when they agree.
2. Peers provide standards by which teens can measure their behavior as you grow more independent of your parents
3. Share same feelings/ difficulties.
1. Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson believed that life is a journey of 8 stages. In each stage there is a task that must be mastered for health development to continue.
The adolescent state is the search for identity – a sense of who you are and what you stand for.
2. Erikson believed the task of establishing one’s identity is accomplished by choosing a commitment to a particular role or occupation in life.
3. May involve developing one’s own political and religious beliefs.
C. Gender and Ethnicity in Identity Formation
1. Erik Erickson\'s theory believed that people develop the capacity to form intimate relationships in young adult stage. Believed that development of relationships more important than other issues (for males)
2. Ethnicity and Identity Formation
Often more complicated for teens in minority groups. Faced with two sets of cultural values which sometimes conflict
Lab : Write a paragraph in which you explain what factors you think have been most important in forming your identity.
1. Anorexia Nervosa – usually weigh less than 85% of what would be considered healthy weight
a. mostly women, use diet and exercise
b. deny they are wasting away – body image is distorted
c. can lose as much as 25% of body weight in a year
d. About 5% die because of causes related to problem.
e. long term problem.
2. Bulimia Nervosa
a. binge eating with dramatic measures to eliminate food like vomiting
b. mostly female
c. often perfectionist
3. Men – often involved in sports or jobs that require them to be a certain weight – ie. Wrestling
4. Families play a role – parents have an eating disorder/ likely to have children with
5. many believe develop as a way of dealing with feelings of loneliness
1. Prevalence –
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