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Nixon: The Realpolitiker. The Diplomacy of Nixon & Kissinger. Issue No. 1: Vietnam, The Unmitigated Disaster. The Secret Plan: The Madman Theory. Proves impractical…. Demonstrations. My Lai Massacre. Cambodian Incursion. Kent State. Army Revolt. POW’s. • Nixon the Fascist.

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Nixon: The Realpolitiker

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Nixon the realpolitiker

Nixon: The

Realpolitiker

The

Diplomacy of

Nixon

&

Kissinger


Nixon the realpolitiker

Issue No. 1: Vietnam,

The Unmitigated Disaster


Nixon the realpolitiker

The Secret Plan: The Madman Theory

Proves impractical….


Nixon the realpolitiker

Demonstrations


Nixon the realpolitiker

My Lai Massacre


Nixon the realpolitiker

Cambodian Incursion


Nixon the realpolitiker

Kent State


Nixon the realpolitiker

Army Revolt

POW’s

• Nixon the Fascist


Nixon the realpolitiker

POWs


Nixon the realpolitiker

Charges of Fascism


Nixon the realpolitiker

Solution: The Nixon Doctrine (Vietnamization)

• We shall provide a shield if a nuclear power

threatens the freedom of a nation allied with

us or of a nation whose survival we consider

vital to our security

• We shall furnish military and economic

assistance when requested in accordance with

our treaty commitments. But we shall look to

the nation directly threatened to assume the

primary responsibility of providing the

manpower for its defense.


Nixon the realpolitiker

Issue No. 2: USSR

Deterrence to Detente


Nixon the realpolitiker

U.S. Issues:

• Cuban Missile Crisis brings us to

the brink of destruction

• Vietnam draining our political,

economic, and military capacity

• Cost of Arms Race

• MAD has achieved rough parity;

good time to pause….

• Goal: Arms Control Deal


Nixon the realpolitiker

Soviet Issues….


Nixon the realpolitiker

Internal Dissent


Nixon the realpolitiker

Josef Stalin: Butcher


Nixon the realpolitiker

Nikita Khrushchev:

Reformer

De-Stalinization

Liberalization


Nixon the realpolitiker

Leonid Brezhnev: Crackdown


Nixon the realpolitiker

Overturns Reforms


Nixon the realpolitiker

Rebellious Satellites


Nixon the realpolitiker

Prague

Spring,

1968


Nixon the realpolitiker

Brezhnev Doctrine

"When forces that are hostile to socialism and

try to turn the development of some socialist

country towards capitalism, it becomes not only

a problem of the country concerned, but a

common problem and concern of all socialist

countries.”

I.E.: We will intervene!


Nixon the realpolitiker

Lagging Economy

Massive Shortages of Consumer Goods


Nixon the realpolitiker

Shopping for Shoes


Nixon the realpolitiker

Soviet

economic

development

10-15 years

behind U.S.


Nixon the realpolitiker

The Russian Federal Highway


Nixon the realpolitiker

No soap; no computers


Nixon the realpolitiker

U.S. GDP = 4x USSR


Nixon the realpolitiker

Cost of the Arms Race


Nixon the realpolitiker

China

• 1969 Border Dispute

• Total War Narrowly

Averted

• China and USSR both

fear U.S. will deal

with the enemy


Nixon the realpolitiker

Nixon’s China Game: Normalization


Nixon the realpolitiker

Kissinger’s Secret Diplomacy

• Chinese isolated;

Want recognition

• Soviets fear

U.S.-China

alliance

• U.S. Goal: Arms

Agreement with

USSR


Nixon the realpolitiker

Ping Pong Diplomacy


Nixon the realpolitiker

Nixon in China

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5V9sP_nDCM


Nixon the realpolitiker

Arms Control

• Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) Agreement, 1972

• Offensive Weapons Control

• Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, 1972

• Defensive Weapons Control


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