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Nixon: The Realpolitiker. The Diplomacy of Nixon & Kissinger. Issue No. 1: Vietnam, The Unmitigated Disaster. The Secret Plan: The Madman Theory. Proves impractical…. Demonstrations. My Lai Massacre. Cambodian Incursion. Kent State. Army Revolt. POW’s. • Nixon the Fascist.

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Nixon: The Realpolitiker

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Nixon: The

Realpolitiker

The

Diplomacy of

Nixon

&

Kissinger


Issue No. 1: Vietnam,

The Unmitigated Disaster


The Secret Plan: The Madman Theory

Proves impractical….


Demonstrations


My Lai Massacre


Cambodian Incursion


Kent State


Army Revolt

POW’s

• Nixon the Fascist


POWs


Charges of Fascism


Solution: The Nixon Doctrine (Vietnamization)

• We shall provide a shield if a nuclear power

threatens the freedom of a nation allied with

us or of a nation whose survival we consider

vital to our security

• We shall furnish military and economic

assistance when requested in accordance with

our treaty commitments. But we shall look to

the nation directly threatened to assume the

primary responsibility of providing the

manpower for its defense.


Issue No. 2: USSR

Deterrence to Detente


U.S. Issues:

• Cuban Missile Crisis brings us to

the brink of destruction

• Vietnam draining our political,

economic, and military capacity

• Cost of Arms Race

• MAD has achieved rough parity;

good time to pause….

• Goal: Arms Control Deal


Soviet Issues….


Internal Dissent


Josef Stalin: Butcher


Nikita Khrushchev:

Reformer

De-Stalinization

Liberalization


Leonid Brezhnev: Crackdown


Overturns Reforms


Rebellious Satellites


Prague

Spring,

1968


Brezhnev Doctrine

"When forces that are hostile to socialism and

try to turn the development of some socialist

country towards capitalism, it becomes not only

a problem of the country concerned, but a

common problem and concern of all socialist

countries.”

I.E.: We will intervene!


Lagging Economy

Massive Shortages of Consumer Goods


Shopping for Shoes


Soviet

economic

development

10-15 years

behind U.S.


The Russian Federal Highway


No soap; no computers


U.S. GDP = 4x USSR


Cost of the Arms Race


China

• 1969 Border Dispute

• Total War Narrowly

Averted

• China and USSR both

fear U.S. will deal

with the enemy


Nixon’s China Game: Normalization


Kissinger’s Secret Diplomacy

• Chinese isolated;

Want recognition

• Soviets fear

U.S.-China

alliance

• U.S. Goal: Arms

Agreement with

USSR


Ping Pong Diplomacy


Nixon in China

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5V9sP_nDCM


Arms Control

• Strategic Arms Limitation (SALT) Agreement, 1972

• Offensive Weapons Control

• Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, 1972

• Defensive Weapons Control


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