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INDONESIA. NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME INFRASTRUCTURE AND STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION Dr. A . S arwiyana Sastratenaya Director, Center for Nuclear Energy Development, BATAN International Atomic Energy Agency TM/WS on Topical Issues on Infrastructure Development:

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INDONESIA

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Indonesia

INDONESIA

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME INFRASTRUCTURE

AND STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION

Dr. A. Sarwiyana Sastratenaya

Director, Center for Nuclear Energy Development, BATAN

International Atomic Energy Agency

TM/WS on Topical Issues on Infrastructure Development:

Managing the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power

February 9-10, 2010, Vienna


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Generalinformation

  • An archipelago with 17,508 islands

  • 1.9 million square miles total

  • Fourth most populous country in the world, 223 million people (2006), 1.49% growth rate

  • 59% of population reside in Java, in a 7% total area

  • 400 volcanoes, 100 active, 112 in Java island

  • Air temperature : 27.6° to 36.8° C (day) and 14.6° to 24.6° C (night)

  • Humidity: 63% to 83%


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Map of Indonesia


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1. NATIONAL REASONS FOR NPP INTRODUCTION

  • Indonesia has several decades of history of activities towards the peaceful use of nuclear energy including planning for power generation.

  • A comprehensive assessment of different energy sources has been done in 2000-2002. This study was done through IAEA TC program:

    • MAED, WASP, MESSAGE

    • NPP would be economically and technically feasible in 2015-2016

  • Presidential Regulation 5 Year 2006 on National Energy Policy notes that nuclear energy will be a part of national energy mix. The share is expected to be 4 % of the total primary energy in 2025.

  • Act No. 17 Year 2007 on the long-term national development plan 2005-2025 notifies that NPP maybe utilized in a period of 2015-2019


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2. NATIONAL STRATEGY for NUCLEAR POWER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

  • Since NEPIO or the owner is not yet defined, the preparation of nuclear infrastructure is implemented through issue-specific inter-agency teams.

  • The institution members of the teams are those directly related to on the objectives to be achieved, for example, institutions members of the team for human resources development are MEMR, BATAN, Bapeten, etc.

  • The activities are implemented using budget of each involved institutions


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3. SPECIFIC PLANS FOR NATIONAL STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION (1)

  • Nuclear infrastructure is being developed through many related institutions based on their tasks.

  • Propose to establishingan inter-agency national team (Under the responsibility of MEMR).


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3. SPECIFIC PLANS FOR NATIONAL STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION (2)

  • The planned function of this National Team is as follows:

  • to provide a basis of national consensus on nuclear power by disseminating information on nuclear power generation,

  • to prepare the basis for Government consultation with the Parliament regarding the decision to launch nuclear power plant programme,

  • to formulate the organization and ownership structure of NPP,

  • to prepare the licensing system for nuclear power plant construction and operation,

  • to formulate the preparatory document needed for the nuclear power plant construction, to identify issues concerning to the technology transfer

  • , and

  • to report periodically to the President on the activities by the team.


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3. SPECIFIC PLANS FOR NATIONAL STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION (3)

  • The proposed National Team is supposed to consist of three layers:

    • a steering team (MEMR, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Environmental, Ministry of National Development Planning,Ministry of Research and Technology, Ministry of External Affairs, State Ministry of State Owned Company, BATAN & BAPETEN),

    • an executing team (Directorate General of Electricity and Energy Utilization, BATAN & MEMR), and

    • working groups to assist the executing team.


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3. SPECIFIC PLANS FOR NATIONAL STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION (4)

  • The working groups include:

    • Working group for socialization and dissemination of nuclear energy utilization for nuclear power generation.

    • Working group for formulating the organization, ownership structure and licensing system for NPP.

    • Working group for formulating basic principle of user requirement of NPP.

    • Working group for formulating the technology transfer.


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4. STATUS OF NATIONAL NUCLEAR POWER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT (1)

  • BATAN requested the IAEA to perform an Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review Mission (INIR) under the framework of TC programme (INS/4/037) in a letter dated on 5 August 2009.

  • An INIR mission provides an external peer reviews conducted by the IAEA in November 23 – 27, 2009

  • The mission utilized the following techniques:

    a) Study of documents, performed in two stages (i) prior to the mission, as part of preparation and (ii) during the mission. The documents include:

    • Self-Assessment Report, 2009 October;

    • Indonesian strategy documents for peaceful utilization of atomic energy;

    • Atomic Energy Law and related decrees and regulations;

    • Formulation of sustainable energy development strategies under framework of climate change, IAEA/RCA Project (RAS/0/045), BATAN, 2008


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4. STATUS OF NATIONAL NUCLEAR POWER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT (2)

b) Interviews to gather information through discussions with representatives of the counterpart organizations.

  • Guidelines to conduct the mission were based on the following IAEA-related publications:

    • Considerations to launch a nuclear power program IAEA GOV/INF/2007/2/

    • Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-G-3.1(2007)

    • Evaluation of the status of national infrastructure development, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-3.2

    • Responsibilities and Competencies of a Nuclear Energy Program Implementing Organization (NEPIO) for a National Nuclear Power Program, NE Series NG-T-3.1

    • Other publications as appropriate from the bibliography included in Milestones (NES No. NG-G-3.1) noted above.

    • INIR, Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure review Mission – Guidance on preparing and conducting INIR Missions. IAEA working material.


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4. STATUS OF NATIONAL NUCLEAR POWER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT (3)

  • Conclusion from INIR mission

  • INIR mission shows that Indonesia has done extensive preparatory work on most infrastructure issues that would allow the country to make decision to further consider introduction of nuclear power, i.e. to go from phase 1 to phase 2 in Milestone methodology.

  • It can be suggested that some issues mainly connected to the responsibilities of the owner/operator of the nuclear power plant, still will require further work, most of which can be performed in parallel during phase 2.


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4. Status of nuclear infrastructure development (4)


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5. LESSONS LEARNED

  • Nuclear infrastructure development needs many efforts involving stakeholders, therefore existence of a NEPIO or an organization of coordinative function is very much needed.

  • Technical cooperation from the IAEA provides great help for new-comers in preparing an introduction of NPP

  • INIR mission is very beneficial for peer-reviewing nuclear infrastructure development status. Indonesia needs further assistance from the IAEA for the next phases.


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6. CONCLUSION

  • Indonesia has several decades of history of activities towards the peaceful use of nuclear energy including planning for power generation.

  • the preparation of nuclear infrastructure is implemented through issue-specific inter-agency teams.

  • Indonesia has done extensive preparatory work on most infrastructure issues that would allow us to make decision to further consider introduction of nuclear power, i.e. to go from phase 1 to phase 2 in Milestone methodology.


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  • Thank you for your attention


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