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Genghis Khan. - A Mongolian Hero -. Presentation by Paige Lantz. Mongolia and Mongols. Seen by Americans as relatively insignificant Thought of as barbarians Mostly pictured on horseback wielding bows and arrows. Mongolia. ◦ Between Russia and China ◦ 3 x size France

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Genghis Khan

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Genghis khan

Genghis Khan

- A Mongolian Hero -

Presentation by Paige Lantz


Genghis khan

Mongolia and Mongols

  • Seen by Americans as relatively

    insignificant

  • Thought of as barbarians

  • Mostly pictured on horseback

    wielding bows and arrows


Genghis khan

Mongolia

◦ Between Russia and China

◦ 3 x size France

◦Sparsely populated


Genghis khan

Interesting Population Facts

~ Roughly 3 million people

~ Population density 1.36/ square kilometer

~ More animals than people (ratio 12:1)

~ 50% Rural: 50% Urban

~ 90% of population ethnic Mongolian

~ Other 10% made up of Kazakh, Russian, Chinese and other


Genghis khan

Ulan Bator

  • Capital city

  • Largest city

  • ¼ of the total population of Mongolia lives there


Genghis khan

Rural Population

- Nomadic herders

- Animal husbandry

- Felt tent homes

called Yurts

Mongolians

UrbanPopulation

- Huge metropolis

- Like any other city

- All kinds of workers


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Mystery of the East


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Household Name

Around the World

  • Genghis Khan~

    1162-1227


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~to the country~

So…….

What’s so great about Genghis Khan?

~and to the people~


Genghis khan

The Stone Age

Archaeological evidence of

humans in the area

100,000-200,000 yrs ago

Early humans found to be

living in the area south

of the Gobi desert


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The Bronze Age

1st millennium

Early humans move into

Mongolia’s heartland

Iron Weapons

3rdcentury B.C.

Invention of weapons leads to

raids into China


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Early Mongols

  • Small nomadic tribes

  • Very aggressive to their enemies

  • Invaded early China

  • Very decentralized


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-Constant battle over land

between the two countries

-Lasted thousands

of years


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Chinese

Turkic


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Original Leader

Kabul Khan

Unification of Mongol tribes

11th and 12th centuries


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1162 -Temujin is born

  • Grandson of Khan (or ruler) of

    leading clan

  • Later to be known as Genghis Khan

  • Father killed by Tatars when twelve

  • Rejected by clan as leader

  • Family sent into exile


Genghis khan

  • Family taken in by Keriet clan

  • Gained rank and leadership in adopted clan

  • By age of 20 had returned to birth clan and seized control


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  • Tribal Alliances Leading to Rule

  • Had control over adopted clan

  • Regained control of birth tribe

  • Strength of leadership led to admiration of other clan leaders

  • Backing of other clans leads to leadership of entire Bonjigin tribe


Genghis khan

Genghis’ contributions to the Mongols

Military

Empire


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Military

  • Unification of Mongol tribes

  • Organization of previously random attacks

  • Continuously successful invasions

  • Gained and held control of lands


Genghis khan

Expansion of an empire

  • By 1213 empire had

    extended as far south as the

    Great Wall of China

  • By 1215 empire had reached

    the area of what is now Beijing

  • By 1218 empire extended as

    far west as Lake Balkhash

  • Empire also reached Caspian

    Sea to the west and the Persian

    Gulf to the south


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Strategies to create an empire

  • Harnessed the tribe’s tendency for war

  • Organized the tribes

  • Used tactics never before used in battle

  • Used strategy (not just force) to win


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TotalAccomplishments

~ United over 80 Mongolian tribes

~ Mongol Empire during his reign was most powerful nation

on earth at that time

~ Era of his reign known as the “Golden Era” in Mongolian

History

~ Created military strategies more successful than had ever

been seen before


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Genghis Khan

A national hero?

1911-1991 Mongolian independent, but tied to

soviet Union

1991-Today Mongolian nationalism a replacement

for Soviet-style Communism


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What do the people think?


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The Urban Population

Chinggis (Genghis) Hotel

~ Located in Ulaanbaatar

~ Sees Genghis as military genius,

and overlook his atrocities

~ Want to study more in depth

~ Are proud that he is known by

the rest of the world


Genghis khan

The Rural Population

~ More concerned with raising

their children and animals

~ Are proud of Khan’s world

recognition


Genghis khan

World View

Washington Post

~ Named Khan best leader

of the last millennium

~ And called him an elite

person of the millennium

World Academy of Chinggis Khan

~ Researching his life and achievements more thoroughly

~ Globally educate everyone as to khan’s philosophies


Genghis khan

Bibliography

  • Akiner, Shirin. “Mongolia Today”. Kegan Paul International.

  • London, England. 1991.

  • 2) Bawden, C.R. “The Modern History of Mongolia”. Frederick

  • A. Praeger, Inc. New York, N.Y. 1968.

  • 3) Goldstein, Melvyn C. “The Changing World of Mongolia’s

  • Nomads”. University of California Press. Berkley, C.A. 1994.

  • 4) Hedin, Sven. “Across the Gobi Desert”. Greenwood Press.

  • New York, N.Y. 1968

  • 5) Lattimore, Owen. “Nationalism and Revolution in Mongolia”.

  • J. Brill. Leiden. Netherlands. 1955.


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6) Lattimore, Owen, “Nomads and Commissars”. Oxford

University Press. New York, N.Y. 1962.

7) Lattimore, Owen. “The Mongols of Manchuria”. Howard

Fertig, Inc. New York, N.Y. 1969.

8) Murphy, George. “Soviet Mongolia”. University of California

Press. Berkely, C.A. 1966.

9) Rupen, Robert. “Mongols of the Twentieth Century”. Indiana

University Publications. Vol. 37 Bloomington, I.N. 1964.

10) Worden, Robert. “Mongolia, A Country Study”. Library

of Congress. <http:///cweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd

/cstdy:@field(DOCID+mnoooo)>. 2003.


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