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Roman Culture and Society. World History I. Roman Architecture. Roman architecture was heavily influenced by the Greeks. The Romans used arches & domes in their architecture. The use of concrete by Romans allowed them to construct huge buildings.

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Roman culture and society

Roman Culture and Society

World History I


Roman architecture
Roman Architecture

  • Roman architecture was heavily influenced by the Greeks.

    • The Romans used arches & domes in their architecture.

    • The use of concrete by Romans allowed them to construct huge buildings.

  • The Romans also constructed a vast network of roads to connect parts of the empire.

  • Aqueducts kept the population supplied with water.


Roman family structure
Roman Family Structure

  • Men dominated society in early Rome.

    • Men were the head of the family and the leader of the household.

  • By the late second century, women gained more rights and responsibilities in Rome.

    • Upper class women could own and inherit property.

    • Women could not vote in Rome, but some were active in politics through their husbands.


Slavery in rome
Slavery in Rome

  • Romans relied heavily on slaves.

    • Foreign people who were captured were sent to Rome to become slaves.

      • Slaves were used as cooks, household workers, teachers, and gardeners.

      • Slaves also built roads and public buildings.

    • Some slaves revolted against their masters.

      • The most famous slave revolt was led by Spartacus, who led a group of 70,000 slaves and defeated 7 Roman armies before being defeated and put to death.


Life in rome
Life in Rome

  • Rome was the greatest of all ancient cities.

  • The city of Rome was overcrowded, noisy and dirty.

    • Large apartment buildings housed many poor Romans.

    • Fire was a constant threat to Romans, as they started easily and were difficult to put out.

  • Many Romans relied on public programs.

    • Poor citizens relied on the government for food.

    • Entertainment was also provided for the citizens of Rome.

  • Temples, baths, and theaters were all created for the benefit of Romans.


Sports and contests in rome
Sports and Contests in Rome

  • Gladiatorial shows were important to the Romans.

    • Shows were held in amphitheaters, including the Colosseum.

      • Shows were free to Romans and lasted all day.

      • Most gladiators were slaves and criminals.

    • They would fight each other, or in some cases wild animals.

    • Gladiatorial shows were used to entertain the public and keep their minds off of political unrest.


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