Partnerships in Action. Lectures 6 and 7 Spatial Data Infrastructures. Longley et al. Chapter 20. Partnerships. Often fraught with hazards – can take longer and create friction BUT Often there is no real choice for they can bring: New staff skills Additional technology Marketing skills
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Longley et al.
SB County Planning & Develop
Commercial Fisherman of SB, Inc
Channel Islands National Park
Calif Coastal Commission
Many, many others …
Channel Island National Marine Sanctuary
GIS Day is an annual grassroots event which began in November 1999, designed to promote geographic literacy in schools, communities, and organizations. GIS Day GIS users and vendors open their doors to schools, businesses, and the general public to showcase real-world applications of the technology.
News of the event is spread by use of the Internet and by advertising. Any organization can host such an event: 2,400+ organizations hosted GIS Day events in more than 91 different countries in 1999 (see map). About 2.4 million children and adults were enlightened on GIS technology on that day
Source: Presidential Executive Order #12906 (1994): 'Co-ordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure' W Clinton.
BUT what does it mean in practice?
Categories of Geographic Data
Base for Other Data
Base for Other Data
Finished MapsFramework Data
Elevation and bathymetry
Describing your data...
Making data discoverable...
Local atlasesCatalog Services for the Web (CSW) Example
Linking of terms in metadata helps ultimate to link to data:
is similar to
No one is in charge…
GI Resource Mgmt
Gradation, Indeterminate Boundaries
Geospatial Semantic Web
Location Based Services
Geoslavery & Security
Geospatial Data Fusion
Global Representation and Modeling
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
Dynamic ModelingShort Term Research Prioritieswww.ucgis.org priorities-->research
Spatial Data Acquisition & Integration
Space and Space/Time Analysis & Modeling
GIS and Society
Geographic Information EngineeringOther Research Priorities(Long Term)
The same applies to GIS partnerships: