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Workshop Implementation of the Landfill Directive. Full implementation of the Landfill Directive, the example of Germany. Dr. Eva-Maria Krüger REMONDIS International. The German waste system. 82 Mio. inhabitants 50,6 Mio. t of waste coming from households and

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Workshop implementation of the landfill directive

Workshop Implementation of the Landfill Directive

Full implementation of the Landfill Directive, the example of Germany

Dr. Eva-Maria Krüger REMONDIS International


The german waste system
The German waste system

82 Mio. inhabitants

50,6 Mio. t of waste coming from

households and

commercial plants

very differenciated collection system

very strict regulations

high level of acceptance all over the population




German landfill directive
German Landfill Directive

  • All kinds of waste must be treated before landfilling.

  • All kinds of useful secondary raw materials must be recycled.

  • Organic material must be lower than 5% to go to a landfill.

  • The landfill must be constructed in a very special way.

  • Strict observations by authorities to protect the environment.


Construction of a german landfill

Trees, bushes---------------------------------------Soils > 1 m---------------------------------------Water protection system---------------------------------------Soils---------------------------------------HDPE-layer---------------------------------------Clays 50 cm; Kf = 10-9---------------------------------------Gas collection layer---------------------------------------Soils---------------------------------------Waste X m---------------------------------------Pebbles-draining layer---------------------------------------Protection layer – Geotextile---------------------------------------HDPE – 2-5 cm---------------------------------------Geotextile (protection layer)---------------------------------------30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec--------------------------------------- 30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec---------------------------------------

30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec---------------------------------------Geological basic

Construction of a German landfill

Covering

Basic


Controlling and treatments
Controlling and treatments

  • The basic layer is controlled in every part of construction.

  • During operation the basic layer is observed.

  • The sewage-water is collected and purified in special waste-water plants.

  • The produced methane and other gases are combusted to produce energy.

  • The waste is covered every day to prevent emissions.

  • After finalising the landfill is modulated and covered with a special layer.

  • The aftercare lasts 30 years at minimum to avoid all kinds of damages.


Reality and effects
Reality and effects

  • After 1.6.2005 all old landfills are closed.

  • Landfills in work must follow the landfill directive

  • Separation is improved.

  • Enlargement in the capacities of MBT's and incineration plants

  • Increasing of the treatment cost

  • Extremely decreasing of waste-transport from other countries to Germany.


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