Workshop implementation of the landfill directive
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Workshop Implementation of the Landfill Directive. Full implementation of the Landfill Directive, the example of Germany. Dr. Eva-Maria Krüger REMONDIS International. The German waste system. 82 Mio. inhabitants 50,6 Mio. t of waste coming from households and

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Workshop Implementation of the Landfill Directive

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Workshop implementation of the landfill directive

Workshop Implementation of the Landfill Directive

Full implementation of the Landfill Directive, the example of Germany

Dr. Eva-Maria Krüger REMONDIS International


The german waste system

The German waste system

82 Mio. inhabitants

50,6 Mio. t of waste coming from

households and

commercial plants

very differenciated collection system

very strict regulations

high level of acceptance all over the population


The collection system

The collection system


Treatment of waste not separated

Treatment of waste – not separated


German landfill directive

German Landfill Directive

  • All kinds of waste must be treated before landfilling.

  • All kinds of useful secondary raw materials must be recycled.

  • Organic material must be lower than 5% to go to a landfill.

  • The landfill must be constructed in a very special way.

  • Strict observations by authorities to protect the environment.


Construction of a german landfill

Trees, bushes---------------------------------------Soils > 1 m---------------------------------------Water protection system---------------------------------------Soils---------------------------------------HDPE-layer---------------------------------------Clays 50 cm; Kf = 10-9---------------------------------------Gas collection layer---------------------------------------Soils---------------------------------------Waste X m---------------------------------------Pebbles-draining layer---------------------------------------Protection layer – Geotextile---------------------------------------HDPE – 2-5 cm---------------------------------------Geotextile (protection layer)---------------------------------------30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec--------------------------------------- 30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec---------------------------------------

30 cm clay Kf = 10-9 m/sec---------------------------------------Geological basic

Construction of a German landfill

Covering

Basic


Controlling and treatments

Controlling and treatments

  • The basic layer is controlled in every part of construction.

  • During operation the basic layer is observed.

  • The sewage-water is collected and purified in special waste-water plants.

  • The produced methane and other gases are combusted to produce energy.

  • The waste is covered every day to prevent emissions.

  • After finalising the landfill is modulated and covered with a special layer.

  • The aftercare lasts 30 years at minimum to avoid all kinds of damages.


Reality and effects

Reality and effects

  • After 1.6.2005 all old landfills are closed.

  • Landfills in work must follow the landfill directive

  • Separation is improved.

  • Enlargement in the capacities of MBT's and incineration plants

  • Increasing of the treatment cost

  • Extremely decreasing of waste-transport from other countries to Germany.


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