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Popular Music of Brazil: Samba Samba “ Tudo acaba em samba ” Afro-Brazilian urban popular song/dance form Origins in rural roda de samba: Participatory Accompanied by improvised songs and percussion instruments

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samba tudo acaba em samba
Samba“Tudo acaba em samba”
  • Afro-Brazilian urban popular song/dance form
  • Origins in rural roda de samba:
    • Participatory
    • Accompanied by improvised songs and percussion instruments
    • Style: syncopated, call and response vocals, open-ended forms, musical interlock, diatonic melodies
types of samba
Types of Samba
  • Carnival samba (e.g. samba batucada and samba enredo)
    • Characterized by heavy percussion, songs about themes presented in Carnival
  • (Year-round) samba
    • Characterized by light percussion and plucked string accompaniment (guitar, cavaquinho)
    • Songs often satiric, witty, improvised
musical characteristics
Musical Characteristics
  • 2/4 time, emphasis on second beat (as played by surdo drums)
  • Other percussion plays interlocking, syncopated lines
  • Songs are strophic; major or minor keys; usually easy to sing
  • Chords limited to triads or seven chords
carnival samba
Carnival Samba
  • Arose in Rio de Janeiro, early 1900s
  • Part of pre-Lenten festivities (called “Carnival:)”
  • Associated in past with poor Afro-Brazilians; “street music” vs. music of the salon
carnival
Carnival
  • Escolas de samba: large musical organizations, includes percussionists, singers, dancers, samba composers, choreographers, designers
  • Determine theme, compose song, design float and costumes
  • Compete during parade
carnival and the state
Carnival and the State
  • Before 1930, Afro-Brazilian instruments (drums; pandeiro) and cultural practices (e.g. candomble; capoeira) were banned.
  • 1930 – dictator Getulio Vargas begins subsidizing samba schools (approx. 15) in exchange for cooperation with gov’t
  • Samba schools have made Carnival in Rio a major tourist attraction
escolas de samba
Escolas de Samba
  • Mangueira (1929; colors: pink and green)
  • Portela (1935; colors: blue and white)
samba batucada
Samba Batucada
  • Instruments of the Batería:
    • Surdo drums (basic pulse in 2 divided among three sizes of surdo)
    • Pandeiro (sixteenth-note division)
    • Cuíca (accents)
    • Tamborim (syncopation)
    • Caíxa (snare drum)
samba songs
Samba Songs
  • Upbeat songs, in 2/4 with light percussion (pandeiro; tamborim; cuica)
  • Emphasis on voice
  • Lyrics are about samba; love; sometimes social commentary
  • Carmen Miranda (1909-1955); film and recording star; introduced Brazilian music to world
samba de morro
Samba de Morro
  • Also called “roots samba” to distinguish it from commercialized samba
  • Sung by “sambistas”(singer/ composer of samba)
  • Instruments: guitar, pandeiro, tamborim, surdo, cavaquinho

Ismael Silva

Nelson Sargento

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