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Popular Music of Brazil: Samba - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Popular Music of Brazil: Samba Samba “ Tudo acaba em samba ” Afro-Brazilian urban popular song/dance form Origins in rural roda de samba: Participatory Accompanied by improvised songs and percussion instruments

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Samba“Tudo acaba em samba”

  • Afro-Brazilian urban popular song/dance form

  • Origins in rural roda de samba:

    • Participatory

    • Accompanied by improvised songs and percussion instruments

    • Style: syncopated, call and response vocals, open-ended forms, musical interlock, diatonic melodies

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Types of Samba

  • Carnival samba (e.g. samba batucada and samba enredo)

    • Characterized by heavy percussion, songs about themes presented in Carnival

  • (Year-round) samba

    • Characterized by light percussion and plucked string accompaniment (guitar, cavaquinho)

    • Songs often satiric, witty, improvised

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Musical Characteristics

  • 2/4 time, emphasis on second beat (as played by surdo drums)

  • Other percussion plays interlocking, syncopated lines

  • Songs are strophic; major or minor keys; usually easy to sing

  • Chords limited to triads or seven chords

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Carnival Samba

  • Arose in Rio de Janeiro, early 1900s

  • Part of pre-Lenten festivities (called “Carnival:)”

  • Associated in past with poor Afro-Brazilians; “street music” vs. music of the salon

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  • Escolas de samba: large musical organizations, includes percussionists, singers, dancers, samba composers, choreographers, designers

  • Determine theme, compose song, design float and costumes

  • Compete during parade

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Carnival and the State

  • Before 1930, Afro-Brazilian instruments (drums; pandeiro) and cultural practices (e.g. candomble; capoeira) were banned.

  • 1930 – dictator Getulio Vargas begins subsidizing samba schools (approx. 15) in exchange for cooperation with gov’t

  • Samba schools have made Carnival in Rio a major tourist attraction

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Escolas de Samba

  • Mangueira (1929; colors: pink and green)

  • Portela (1935; colors: blue and white)

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Samba Batucada

  • Instruments of the Batería:

    • Surdo drums (basic pulse in 2 divided among three sizes of surdo)

    • Pandeiro (sixteenth-note division)

    • Cuíca (accents)

    • Tamborim (syncopation)

    • Caíxa (snare drum)

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Samba Songs

  • Upbeat songs, in 2/4 with light percussion (pandeiro; tamborim; cuica)

  • Emphasis on voice

  • Lyrics are about samba; love; sometimes social commentary

  • Carmen Miranda (1909-1955); film and recording star; introduced Brazilian music to world

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Samba de Morro

  • Also called “roots samba” to distinguish it from commercialized samba

  • Sung by “sambistas”(singer/ composer of samba)

  • Instruments: guitar, pandeiro, tamborim, surdo, cavaquinho

Ismael Silva

Nelson Sargento