University of scranton ctle writing center
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 11

A Brief Introduction to In-text Citations MLA Style Updated Feb., 2011 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 100 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

University of Scranton CTLE Writing Center. A Brief Introduction to In-text Citations MLA Style Updated Feb., 2011. In-Text Citation. also known as parenthetical documentation . used to cite borrowed words, facts, or ideas at the point they are used in the document.

Download Presentation

A Brief Introduction to In-text Citations MLA Style Updated Feb., 2011

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


University of Scranton

CTLE Writing Center

A Brief Introduction toIn-text Citations MLA StyleUpdated Feb., 2011


In-Text Citation

  • also known as parenthetical documentation.

  • used to cite borrowed words, facts, or ideas at the point they are used in the document.

  • used in conjunction with and not as a replacement for the Works Cited page.


In-Text Citation vs. Foot/Endnotes

  • In-text citations lead readers to specific works listed on the Works Cited page.

  • Footnotes and endnotes provide readers with the explanatory information:

    • Content notes offer additional comments, information, insight, etc., not provided in the text

    • Bibliographic notes provide information on additional sources or comments on other sources.


Use an In-Text Citation When

  • You use an idea from a source. The idea is not originally yours. It belongs to the author(s) of the source and must be cited.

  • You paraphrase or summarize a source (even if you change the word order and replace words with synonyms).

  • You directly quote a source.

  • You use information that is not common knowledge.


Some In-Text Citation Guidelines

  • For a source with one author:

    Helpfulness and listening skills are key components of consulting success (Burkhart 6).

  • There should be an entry on the Works Cited Page that corresponds to this in-text citation:

    Burkhart, Mary. Tips for Writing Consultants. Scranton: Scranton Books, 2008. Print.


Some In-Text Citation Guidelines

  • Place the in-text citation where a pause occurs naturally, for example, before the punctuation that concludes the phrase, the clause, or the sentence containing the borrowed information.

    • The in-text citation used on the previous screen is referred to as author page style to reflect the order of the information within the citation: (Burkhart 6).


Some In-Text Citation Guidelines

  • For a source with no author:

  • Use the title or a shortened version of the title in quotation marks if it is a short work or in italics/underline if it is a long work.

    • (“Working with Student Writers” 6).


Some In-Text Citation Guidelines

  • For a source with two/three authors:

  • Separate last names with any necessary commas and the word “and.”

    • (Burkhart and Smith 6)

  • For a source with four/more authors:

  • Include all last names or include first last name followed by “et al.”

    • (Burkhart et al. 6).


Some In-Text Citation Guidelines

  • For a source with the author named in a signal phrase:

  • Include just the page number.

    • Mary Burkhart reports that effective listening and communication skills are imperative (6).

  • For a source without page numbers:

  • Include just the author’s name.

    • (Burkhart).


Need More Help

For an excellent overview or review of the 2009 updates in MLA style and format, click on Purdue University’s MLA Power Point Presentation

For one-on-one help using MLA, visit

The Writing Center

STT 588 D

(570) 941-6147


Additional Resources

Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. “MLA Papers.” A Writer’s Reference. 7th ed. Boston: Bedford, 2011. 371-428. Print.

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.

MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 3rd ed. New York: MLA, 2008. Print.

Russell, Tony, Allen Brizee, and Elizabeth Angeli. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 16 Nov. 2010. Web. 22 Feb. 2011.


  • Login