USAID and JBIC Collaboration in the Water Sector. Megumi MUTO Planning Division Development Assistance Strategy Department October 1, 2004. Outline of the Presentation. What is JBIC? What are JBIC ODA Loans? JBIC ODA for the Water Sector USAID-JBIC Water Collaboration in the Philippines.
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Development Assistance Strategy Department
October 1, 2004
in the Philippines
(former JEXIM Operations)
1. Poverty Reduction
2. Infrastructure for Economic Growth
3. Anti-Pollution Measures
4. Global Issues
5. Human Resource Development
7. Regional Development
⇒ Revolving Fund for Development
Structural Adjustment Loans (SAL)
Engineering Services (E/S) Loans
Sector Program Loans
Financial-Intermediary Loans (Two-Step Loans)What are JBIC ODA Loans?(3)Types of ODA Loans
* Tapped for initial collaboration with USAID
From FY 97 to 99, JBIC increased the commitments to assist restoration from Asian currency crisis. In FY2003, 89.9% of commitments were for Asia.
(For Forest Conservation, PollutionPrevention, Human Resource Development, SMEs, among others)
<Special Terms for Economic Partnership>
Cumulative Commitments & Policy
Water Supply : 80 billion Yen
50 billion yen
Assistance In the Philippines
total commitment amount is 58.7 billion yen (29.4 billion
(1) Enhancement of water supply in poor areas and provincial LGUs
(2) Promotion of private financing
& JBIC in Washington & Tokyo
Philippines, Indonesia & Jamaica
& JBIC’s Deputy Governor
through frequent consultation and exchange of information on aid policies and operations
ODA Loan finances 60-70% of the total project costs
Private Financial Institution
Issuing Bond. etc.
・Borrower needs to be a government
・G-G basis sovereign loan
Usually 30-40% of the total cost
(Local Government), Public Corporation
Issuing Bond. etc.
70%：JBIC ODA Loan
30%：Private Bank with DCA guarantee
Government (Ministry of Finance)
Private / Public Bank
DCA Guarantee could be limited for the poorest beneficiaries.
e.g. Water Resource Development (Dams, Pipelines etc.)
Private Projects e.g. treatment facilities, distribution systems
Simple Prototype of WRF
Why are we aiming at cofinancing with USAID
infrastructure. Private funds less able to shape
regulatory/policy environment. Need both.
USAID: extensive knowledge of WRF based upon US
JBIC: long time experience and knowledge of water sector