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Motivational Interviewing Tools for Employment Practitioners Working with Individuals with Disabilities February, 2012 Southern University. Jon Larson, Ed.D., M.S., L.C.P.C., C.R.C. Assistant Professor Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL. 1. Overview: Good News

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Jon Larson, Ed.D., M.S., L.C.P.C., C.R.C.

Assistant Professor

Illinois Institute of Technology

Chicago, IL

1


  • Overview: Good News Working with Individuals with Disabilities

  • reduces financial strain on government programs.

  • defines self-identity.

  • provides economic resources.

  • builds social connections.

  • improves quality of life.

(Baron, 2000; Drake, McHugo, Becker, Anthony, & Clark, 1996; Kouzis & Eaton, 2000; Polak & Warner, 1996; The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 2005)

2


  • Resources Working with Individuals with Disabilities

  • Miller, W.R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). MI:

  • Preparing people for change. New York:

  • Guilford Press.

  • Larson. J.E. (2008). User-Friendly Motivational Interviewing and Evidence-Based Supported Employment Tools for Employment Practitioners. Journal of Rehabilitation, 74(4).

3


  • Resources Working with Individuals with Disabilities

  • Becker, D.R., & Drake, R.E. (2003). A

  • working life: The individual placement

  • and support program. Oxford, England:

  • Oxford University Press.

  • Bissonnette, D. (1994). Beyond

  • traditional job development.

4


  • Resources Working with Individuals with Disabilities

  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health

  • Services AdministrationSupported

  • Employment Tool Kit. Found at:

  • http://mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/cmhs/

  • communitysupport/toolkits/employment/

  • The Promise of Evidence-Based Practices and

  • Recovery for Persons with Severe Mental Illness:

  • Perspectives for Rehabilitation Professionals, Chapter

  • 3. The 33rd Institute of Rehabilitation Issues. Office of

  • Special Education and Rehabilitation Services.

  • (2008).

5


6


  • Motivational Interviewing Working with Individuals with Disabilities

  • Enhancement technique for behavioral change through identifying and resolving ambivalence and discrepancies between verbal and behavioral actions.

    • costs/benefits analysis

    • discuss the readiness ruler

    • engage with active listening

    • promote change talk

    • avoid arguments

    • ask for permission

    • support self-efficacy

(Miller & Rollnick, 2002)

7


Motivational interviewing five early strategies
Motivational Interviewing Working with Individuals with Disabilities Five Early Strategies

  • Ask open-ended questions

  • Listen reflectively

  • Affirm

  • Summarize

  • Elicit self-motivational statements

  • What are these?: problem recognition, expression of concern, intention to change, optimism about change

8


Five basic principles of motivational interviewing
Five Basic Principles of Working with Individuals with Disabilities Motivational Interviewing

  • Express empathy

  • Develop discrepancy

  • Avoid argumentation

  • Roll with resistance

  • Support self-efficacy

9


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