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The state of IMS LD three years on. Dai Griffiths Universitat Pompeu Fabre, Barcelona [email protected] A practical problem for a distance teaching university. Open University of the Netherlands had to shift from paper based to electronic teaching

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The state of ims ld three years on
The state of IMS LD three years on

Dai Griffiths

Universitat Pompeu Fabre, Barcelona

[email protected]

A practical problem for a distance teaching university
A practical problem for a distance teaching university

  • Open University of the Netherlands had to shift from paper based to electronic teaching

  • Tried to model all their pedagogies in templates: too complex!

  • Developed EML (Educational Modelling Language) to model any pedagogy

  • Developed EduBox player to deliver courses to learners

A general problem for open elearning specifications
A general problem for open elearning specifications

  • Open eLearning specifications started to be developed in the days of the CD ROM

  • Single learner, limited pedagogic possibilities

  • Online education providers needed a system which could model and deliver flexible pedagogies

What is ims
What is IMS

  • IMS Global Learning Inc is a not-for-profit organisation in the US which produces open eLearning specifiations

  • Has industrial and academic partners around the world.

  • IMS had become aware that simple sequencing and content packaging were too restricted.

Eml becomes ims ld
EML becomes IMS LD

  • Started a Learning Design work group, but it was a big job.

  • EML provided ready made solution, adopted by IMS.

  • EML reduced in scope because of existing specs

  • Split into three levels to ease implementation.

  • Published in January 2003

What does ims ld do
What does IMS LD do?

  • IMS LD is an open specification for modeling Units of Learning (UoLs)

  • Defines how people in roles carrying out activitieswith resources.

  • It is a language with an XML binding

  • It claims that any pedagogy can be modeled in this way

  • It does not model learning

  • It can be thought of as in interoperable and machine readable lesson plan

Four aspects of ims ld
Four aspects of IMS-LD

  • 1) An educational modelling language: UoLs are formal expressions of lesson plans or smaller units of activities (DialogPlus…)

  • 2) A methodology (best practice guide)

  • 3) An infrastructure (CopperCore, RELOAD…)

  • 4) By definition, an interoperability specification (between applications which may pre-date the specification)

What is unfold
What is UNFOLD

  • UNFOLD is a project funded by the Technology Enhanced Learning programme.

  • It supports the adoption of open eLearning standards for multiple learners and flexible pedagogies

What has unfold done
What has UNFOLD done

  • Provide access to public resources

  • Facilitate Communities of Practice by

    • Organising regular face to face meetings

    • Provide online support (discussions, learning activities, resources...)

  • Raise awareness of the specification

    • Organise workshops

    • Make presentations at conferences

    • Publish papers and supporting material

What progress has been made in the last 2 years
What progress has been made in the last 2 years?

  • Three years ago there was nothing

  • It took two years for the first systems to be ready

  • It is only this year that there is anything to show (apart from EML)

  • Momentum is now starting to build

Systems development
Systems development

  • Runtime systems:

    • EduBox (EML player, Blackboard has an agreement to use it)

    • CopperCore: Open Source Learning Design Engine.

    • SLeD: A service based learning design player which makes use of CopperCore

Design time systems
Design time systems

  • Reload: http:

  • CopperAuthor:

  • COLLAGE (University of Valladolid)

  • AskLD:

  • Cosmos, Chronotech, eLive...

Compliant systems
Compliant systems

  • Some interest from commercial organsiations (Cordys Educator, Blackboard)

  • Much more interest from Open Source foundations

    • Moodle, .LRN, LAMS, Boddington

  • Design time only:

    • Dialog+,

    • MOT+

Authoring uols
Authoring UoLs

  • In February 2005 there were no published UoLs other than those illustrating the specification.

  • There is now a collection at LN4LD, and many people are trying out the specification.

  • Innovative systems supporting teachers in experimenting with pedagogy: NetUniversité, LearningMapR, Dialog+

Using the specification with learners
Using the specification with learners

  • EML has been used with learners in OUNL for a number of years

  • Liverpool Hope University in Liverpool is running the first pilot using a CopperCore based system (in a mixed face to face / online environment)

Current funding developments
Current funding developments

  • Substantial investment by JISC in the UK, and also from SURF6 in Netherlands.

  • Current European projects using IMS LD include iClass and eLegi.

  • New projects include TenCompetence and OpenDock. There may be more.

Tencompetence ip four years
TenCompetence IP, four years

  • support … lifelong competence development by establishing the most appropriate technical and organizational infrastructure, using open-source, standards-based, sustainable and innovative technology.

  • Develop and integrate models and tools to create, store and exchange:

    1.knowledge resources,

    2.learning activities and UoLs

    3.competence development programmes

    4. network data for lifelong competence development.

Opendock leonardo 2 years
OpenDock: Leonardo, 2 years

  • Create a corpus of learning materials published under the Creative Commons license, with provision for IMS Learning Design, drawn from a range of different sectors of VET from different languages and cultures.

  • Establish a repository of learning resources, building on current best practice and existing Open Source repository implementations and eLearning standards

Continuing the work of unfold
Continuing the work of UNFOLD

  • Collaboration with ProLearn thematic network

  • Continue with websites and mailing list

  • Activities linked to TenCompetence

  • Possible follow on UNFOLD project

Key r d issues systems
Key R&D issues: Systems

  • Usability and representation of UoLs

  • How to integrate a range of services into a Unit of Learning

  • Development of a service architecture for LD players

  • Repositories and support for social networks of users

  • How to exchange fragments of UoLs

  • The “Metadata problem”

Key r d issues learning designers
Key R&D issues: Learning Designers

  • What constitutes an LD template

  • Development of templates

  • Identification of effective authoring practice

  • What are the limits of expressivity of IMS LD

Key r d issues teachers and learning providers
Key R&D issues: Teachers and Learning Providers

  • What is a pedagogic pattern?

  • Can it be expressed in IMS LD?

  • Can IMS LD be useful in face to face and mixed environments?

  • What interfaces are needed by learners?

  • Can IMS LD be useful as a lesson planning tool?

  • How can teachers (and learning designers) collaborate in authoring and sharing UoLs

Questions comments and suggestions
Questions, comments and suggestions

  • For more information

  • And the UNFOLD forums and learning activities server at