Los pronombres y el verbo ser
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Los pronombres y el verbo “Ser”. Subject pronouns and the verb “ to be ”. Pronombres personales Subject pronouns. Subject Pronouns Yo I Nosotros (-as) We Tú You Vosotros (-as) You (pl)* Él He/it Ellos They Ella She/it Ellas They Usted You (formal) Ustedes You (pl.)

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Los pronombres y el verbo “Ser”

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Los pronombres y el verbo “Ser”

Subjectpronouns and theverb “tobe”


Pronombres personalesSubjectpronouns

  • Subject Pronouns

  • YoINosotros (-as) We

  • TúYouVosotros (-as) You (pl)*

  • ÉlHe/itEllosThey

  • EllaShe/itEllasThey

  • UstedYou (formal)UstedesYou (pl.)

    *Spain only


  • The “Tú” form is used to address a friend, a coworker or a relative or a child. The “usted” form is used express deference or respect to a stranger, an elder or a superior.

  • -Usted is often abbreviated Ud., ustedes, Uds.

  • -Nosotros and Vosotros change gender when they refer to a group of women. “nosotras” and “vosotras”. When they refer to men and women together, use the masculine form

  • Mauricio y yo=nosotros, María y yo = nosotras

  • -“Ellos” is used to refer to a mixed gender group or a group of men only. “Ellas” is only used in a group of all women.

  • -“Vosotros” and the verb tenses that go with it (vosotrossoís) are only used in Spain. In Latin American Spanish “Ustedes” is used as the plural of both “Usted” and “Tú”


¿Cualespronombres?

  • Whichpronounswouldyou use for.

  • Carlos

  • Mi

  • Patricia

  • Rodolfo y Sergio

  • Tú y Patricia

  • Enrique y yo

  • El Dr. Paz y sus amigos.

  • María Inés y yo (fem)

  • Isabel y Elena


el verbo “ser” the verb “to be”

  • SerTo be

  • (Yo) SoyI am

  • (Tú) EresYou are

  • (Él/ella/usted) EsHe is/She is/You are

  • (Nosotros)SomosWe are

  • (Vosotros)SoísYou are

  • (Ellos/ellas/ustedes) sonThey are/You are


  • The verb “Ser” is not the only verb in Spanish that means “to be”, another verb “Estar” is also used to describe temporary emotional states.

  • “¿Cómoestá Enrique?” = How is Enrique? “¿Cómoes Enrique?” = What is Enrique like?.

  • -Ser is used to describe permanent conditions such as nationality, personality, identity, place of origin and occupation.

  • Yo soy canadiense.

  • Túerespragmático; tuamigaesromántica.

  • Mi mamáesdoctora.


  • -Using subject pronouns with verb conjugations is optional in Spanish, the conjugated form usually implies who the speaker is. In cases where there is confusion between several third persons the subject pronoun is used to clarify the subject of the action.

  • Enrique es mi amigo. Es de colombia.

  • Enrique y María son mis amigos. Ella esmexicana, éles de colombia.


Características y nacionalidades

  • CómicoCanadiense

  • RealistaNorteamericano

  • RománticoCoreano

  • TímidoChino

  • OptimistaTaiwanés

  • PesimistaJaponés

  • Impaciente Mexicano

  • InteligenteItaliano

  • LiberalIndio/Hindú

  • ConservadorBrasileño

  • AtléticoHaitiano

  • EstudiosoArabe


Práctica

  • Toaskaboutsomeone´scharacteristics in Spanishwe use thephrase ¿Cómo eres/es/son? (not ¿Cómo está?!!!) Interview yourpartner and askherto describe:

  • His/herself

  • Su mamá

  • Su mejor amigo

  • Su pareja (boyfriendorgirlfriend)

  • Sus hermanos o hermanas

  • Su profesora de español

  • Thenwrite a short paragraph of sixsentencesdescribingthatperson´sfriends/familymembers.


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