Bismarck forges early pacts
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Bismarck Forges Early Pacts. Prussia’s chancellor, Otto Von Bismarck used war to unify Germany 1871 he declared Germany as a “satisfied power” and wanted to keep peace in Europe Viewed France as a threat, as redemption to the Franco-Prussian War Bismarck goal to isolate France.

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Bismarck Forges Early Pacts

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Bismarck forges early pacts

Bismarck Forges Early Pacts

  • Prussia’s chancellor, Otto Von Bismarck used war to unify Germany

  • 1871 he declared Germany as a “satisfied power” and wanted to keep peace in Europe

  • Viewed France as a threat, as redemption to the Franco-Prussian War

  • Bismarck goal to isolate France


Bismarck s plan

Bismarck’s Plan

  • The way to beat France is to make sure France has no allies

  • Bismarck forms a duel alliance with Austria-Hungary and Germany 1879

  • 1881, Russia signs a treaty with Germany pulling another country away from France

  • 1882, Italy joins the alliance and the three would be known as the Triple Alliance


Kaiser wilhelm ii

Kaiser Wilhelm II

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II became ruler of Germany 1888 and forced out Bismarck by 1890

  • Wilhelm did not want to share power with others

  • Show the strength of Germany

  • He let the treaty with Russia expire

  • Forced Russia to form an alliance with France


Kaiser wilhelm ii1

Kaiser Wilhelm II

  • He pushed for new ship building to have an equal navy to Britain

  • Great Britain becomes nervous and forms alliance or entente with France & Russia (Triple Entente)

  • Ensured Britain would not fight against the French or Russians

  • Triple Entente vs Triple Alliance


Crisis in the balkans

Crisis in the Balkans

  • Balkans was home to a variety of ethnic groups

  • New nations formed with the decline of the Ottoman Empire

  • Austria-Hungary was not happy with these new nations

  • 1908 Austria-Hungary took over Bosnia & Herzegovina

  • Tension with Serbia and Austria would continue to rise


The shot heard throughout europe

The Shot heard throughout Europe

  • June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand & his wife Sophie went to Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia)

  • Both were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip (19 year old Serbian)

  • Black Hand (society to rid of Austrian rule)

  • Because the assassin was Serbian, Austria Hungary wanted to punish Serbia


War is declared

War is Declared

  • July 23rd, Austria-Hungary gives Serbia an ultimatum

  • Serbia agrees to most of the demands but wants the few to be discussed at an international conference

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on July 28, 1914

  • Russia moves troops to the Austrian border

  • Leaders from around the world urged for cooler heads, but it was too late


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