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Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Geography. Why Study Geography?. http:// http:// What is Geography?.

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Why study geography
Why Study Geography?



What is geography
What is Geography?

  • Geography- study of the earth and its features, including human life and the effects of human activity.

  • Two main types:

    1) Physical Geography

    2) Human Geography

Physical geography
Physical Geography

  • Study of the physical features of the earth

  • Focuses on natural features

Human geography
Human Geography

  • Study of human landscape, examines the relationship between humans and their environment.

  • How does geography (the Sahara Desert) affect the people of North Africa?

  • Where to find sources of water?

  • Cannot live permanently in the desert!

  • Transportation  no roads or highways, travel is via camel!

  • How do we make a living? What about trade?

  • What do we eat?

Physical map
Physical Map

  • Shows the physical features of the Earth

    • Examples: mountains, canyons, and rivers

Political map
Political Map

  • Show governmental (manmade) boundaries

    • Example: countries, states, counties, and the location

      of major cities.

Thematic map
Thematic Map

  • Show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area.

    • Example: religions, natural resources, precipitation,

      climate zones

Birth rate
Birth Rate

  • The ratio of total live births to total population. It is often expressed as the number of live births per 1,000 of the population.

  • Ex. - 15,000 live births

    - population of 1,000,000 people

    - Divide both by 1,000, birth rate is 15 per 1,000 people

Death rate
Death Rate

  • The ratio of total deaths to total population in a specified community. Expressed as the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population.

Infant mortality rate
Infant Mortality Rate

  • The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year for 1,000 that are born.

  • This is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.

Education levels
Education Levels

Gross domestic product gdp
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

  • GDP - Measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period

  • Per capita – per person


  • The position east or west of the prime meridian.


  • The position north or south of the earth's equator

  • First World – the highly developed industrialized nations often considered the westernized countries of the world

  • Second World – country that is more stable and more developed than a third-world country but less-stable and less-developed than a first-world country, “emerging”

  • Third World – theunderdevelopednations of the world, especially those withwidespread poverty.

First world
First World

  • Ex. U.S., England, France

Second world
Second World

  • Ex. Russia, Czech Republic, Croatia, China