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Diabetes. Diabetes-is a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy. The body breaks down food into the simple sugar glucose. Insulin-a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood.

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Presentation Transcript
diabetes
Diabetes
  • Diabetes-is a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy.
    • The body breaks down food into the simple sugar glucose.
    • Insulin-a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood.
      • The body needs insulin to transport glucose into the cells.
      • Diabetics-glucose can’t enter cells instead it builds up in the bloodstream causing many health problems.
diabetes1
Diabetes
  • Type 1 Diabetes-develops during childhood or adolescence.
    • The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
      • The pancreas produces little or no insulin to balance the glucose in the blood.
      • Also known as juvenile diabetes.
diabetes2
Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes-is strongly linked to obesity and lack of physical activity.
    • Develops in people who are over 40.
      • More and more children and teens are developing type 2 diabetes.
    • The body isn’t able to use effectively the insulin it produces.
      • After several years the body’s production of insulin decreases.
      • 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
diabetes3
Diabetes
  • Managing diabetes
    • Type 1 diabetes
      • People with type 1 diabetes control the disease with daily injections of insulin.
    • Type 2 diabetes
      • Healthy diet
      • Weight management
      • Medical care
      • Some people even need medications.
arthritis
Arthritis
  • Arthritis-a disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness.
    • More common among older people.
      • It can affect anyone including children and teens.
    • Arthritis affects about 43 million people in the United States.
types of arthritis
Types of Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis-chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling and stiffness of the joints.
    • The immune system attacks health joint tissue, leaking to swelling and damage of the joints.
    • Affects joints of the hands, elbows, hips, knees and feet.
    • Symptoms include soreness, aching and fatigue.
      • Children with arthritis have this form.
      • It is the most serious and disabling form.
types of arthritis1
Types of Arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis-chronic disease that is common in older adults and results from a breakdown of cartilage in the joints.
    • Caused by wear and tear on the joints.
    • Age and weight are risk factors.
    • Affects weight-bearing joints, knees and hips.
    • Breakdown of cartilage causes bone to rub against bone.
    • Symptoms include pain and swelling in the morning.
managing arthritis
Managing Arthritis

Medication-to ease pain and reduce swelling.

Diet-healthy diet to maintain weight.

Physical activity-keeps joints flexible.

Rest-relieves stress on affected joints.

Heat/cold treatments-heat to relieve pain and cold to reduce swelling.

Joint replacement-in severe cases a diseased joint may be replaced with an artificial one.

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