Social psychology
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

Social Psychology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 80 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Social Psychology. Kimberley A. Clow [email protected] http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/psychology/undergraduate/psych020-003/ Login: psych20-003 Password: greentea. Outline. Social Psychology Helping Who we help When we help Influence of Groups Social Facilitation Social Loafing Attraction Beauty

Download Presentation

Social Psychology

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Social psychology

Social Psychology

Kimberley A. Clow

[email protected]

http://www.ssc.uwo.ca/psychology/undergraduate/psych020-003/

Login: psych20-003

Password: greentea


Outline

Outline

  • Social Psychology

    • Helping

      • Who we help

      • When we help

    • Influence of Groups

      • Social Facilitation

      • Social Loafing

    • Attraction

      • Beauty

      • Love


Social psychology1

Social Psychology

  • Definition

    • Social psychology is the scientific study of the way in which people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviour are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people

    • Emphasizes the situational factors that affect behaviour


Helping

Helping


Who do we help

80

60

% Helping

40

20

0

High

Medium

Low

None

Genetic Relatedness

Who Do We Help?


Social factors

Social Factors

  • Similarity

  • Responsibility


Kitty genovese

Kitty Genovese


The process of helping

The Process of Helping


Smoke filled room

Smoke Filled Room

80

70

60

50

% Reporting Smoke

40

30

20

10

0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

Minutes Passed Since Smoke Started

Alone

Three Person Group


Decision stages helping

Decision Stages  Helping


Do groups help or hinder

Do Groups Help or Hinder?

  • What influence do groups have?

    • Do you perform better in a group?

    • Do you perform worse in a group?

    • Do groups alter the way you behave?


Social psychology

Presence of Others

Physiological Arousal

On well-mastered or simple tasks dominant response is right

On difficult or complex tasks dominant response is wrong

Dominant Responses

Improved Performance

Impaired Performance


Social loafing

Social Loafing

  • Told to clap or cheer as loud as you can

  • Wearing headphones

    • Hearing others clap or cheer

    • Can’t hear themselves


Facilitation vs loafing

Facilitation vs. Loafing


When do people join groups

When Do People Join Groups?

  • When they believe they would fail on their own

    • Stereotypical male vs. female tasks

  • When they want information

  • When they don’t want to face an uneasy situation alone


Another shocking study

Another Shocking Study…

  • Women giving shocks

    • KKK outfits

    • Nurse uniforms

  • Deindividuation

    • Losing one’s sense of personal identity

      • More susceptible to the cues in the situation?


Social psychology

After discussion, the group that initiallyfavored grad school would be even more strongly in favor

Conversely, the group that initially disfavoredgrad school would be even more opposed

Definite GO

Attitude Towards Grad School

Unsure

Definite NO

(Get A Job!)

After Group Discussion

Before Group Discussion


What about attraction

What About Attraction?

  • Influencing Factors

    • Similarity

      • Personality, attitudes, interests, physical features

    • Proximity

      • College dorm study

    • Familiarity

      • Mere exposure

    • Physical Attractiveness


Beauty

Beauty

Which of these three faces do you prefer?

1 2 3


Social psychology

Beauty Across Time

  • Beauty in the 1950s.

  • Recognize “her”?

  • Beauty in the 1980s.

  • Recognize “her”?


The matching principle

The Matching Principle

  • People tend to date others of similar attractiveness and with similar attitudes


Situational determinants

Situational Determinants


Getting acquainted study

Getting Acquainted Study

  • Men and women talk over intercom

  • Men shown pictures

  • Attractive or unattractive


Beauty is good stereotype

Beauty Is Good Stereotype

Male’s Male’s Female’sExpectations Behavior Behavior


Many types of love

Many Types of Love


Love changes

Love Changes

  • People involved in serious relationships rate beautiful models as less attractive

  • The more committed the person, the less they reciprocate interest from another attractive other

  • Some people switch attachment styles in response to relationship experiences

  • People married to dissimilar partners change their personalities more over the years


Problem factors

Problem Factors

  • Too much dissimilarity

  • Boredom

  • Changes in reciprocal evaluations and attributions

  • Jealousy

  • Inequity

  • Temperament

  • Exchange Orientation


How to communicate

How to Communicate

  • Some helpful rules

    • Positive framing

    • Express appreciation

    • Avoid silent treatment

    • Don’t pretend to be a psychologist

    • Speak for yourself, not your partner

    • Say it directly

    • Nothing nice to say? Then keep quiet


  • Login