Geography of early india
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Geography of Early india. Lesson 1. Geography and Early India. The Big Idea Indian civilization first developed on the Indus River. Main Ideas The geography of India includes high mountains, great rivers, and heavy seasonal rain. Harappan civilization developed along the Indus River.

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Geography of Early india

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Geography of early india

Geography of Early india

Lesson 1


Geography and early india

Geography and Early India

  • The Big Idea

  • Indian civilization first developed on the Indus River.

  • Main Ideas

  • The geography of India includes high mountains, great rivers, and heavy seasonal rain.

  • Harappan civilization developed along the Indus River.

  • The Aryan invasion of India changed the region’s civilization.


Indian geography

Indian Geography

  • Mountains

  • North: The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world.

  • West: The Hindu Kush provide protection from enemies.

  • Plains and Plateaus

  • Rivers and melting snow kept the plains fertile.

  • Both sides of the river thrived.

  • Water

  • Monsoons

  • Heavy rainfall

  • Civilizations arose around seasonal rainfall.


Harappan civilization

Harappan Civilization

  • People

  • Population grew in the Indus River Valley.

  • Growth came as irrigation and farming techniques improved.

  • Cities were built as surplus food was produced.

  • Cities

  • Harrapa

  • Mohenjo Daro

  • Fortresses for defense against enemies

  • Well-planned public areas

  • Achievements

  • Wells and indoor plumbing

  • Pottery, cotton clothing, jewelry

  • India’s first writing system


Aryan invasion

Aryan Invasion

When the Harappan civilization dissipated in 1700 BC, Central Asians called Aryans began taking over territory.

Invaders from the West

The Aryans left behind vast collections of poems, hymns, myths, and rituals. They also had religious writings known as Vedas.

Religion

No central government: small communities ruled by rajas

Government

Sanskrit is the root of many modern South Asian languages.

Language


Summary

Summary

Harappan Civilization

  • Two major cities: Harappa, Mohenjo Daro

  • Advanced civilization that thrived between 2300 and 1700 BC

  • Culture, artistry, city planning

Aryan Invasion

  • South Asian warriors pushed through the Hindu Kush mountains and settled in the Indus Valley

  • Oral tradition in religion and mythology resulted in the most important language of ancient India: Sanskrit.


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