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Region of the biosphere that has similar communities and climate.

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Region of the biosphere that has similar communities and climate. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Region of the biosphere that has similar communities and climate. LAND BIOMES OF THE WORLD. Desert Biomes. LAND BIOMES:. LOCATION :. Near 30 º north and 30º south latitudes. CLIMATE :. Less than 25 cm of rainfall per year, temperatures high during the day and cool at night.

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Presentation Transcript
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Desert Biomes

LAND BIOMES:

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LOCATION:

Near 30º north and 30º south latitudes

CLIMATE:

Less than 25 cm of rainfall per year,

temperatures high during the day and cool

at night

COMMON PLANTS:

Cacti, thorny bushes and shrubs, small

flowering plants

COMMON ANIMALS:

Snakes, lizards, kangaroos, rats, roadrunners

ADAPTATIONS:

Plants can store water in their stems; desert

animals are usually active at night (nocturnal) &

avoid heat & water loss by burrowing in the ground

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Savanna

(Tropical/Subtropical Grassland)

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LOCATION:

Mid-latitudes

CLIMATE:

Irregular rainfall averaging 50 cm per year,

long hot summers, cold winters

COMMON PLANTS:

Tall and short grasses, few trees

COMMON ANIMALS

Prairie dogs, coyotes, jack rabbits, ground

squirrels, burrowing owls, bisons, elk,

prong-horns

ADAPTATIONS:

Grazing animals have flat teeth for

grinding grasses.

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LOCATION:

Northern latitudes

CLIMATE:

Less than 37 cm of rainfall per year, wind,

temperatures below 40ºC, summer temperatures

reach 10ºC, snow & ice cover the ground most

of the time

COMMON PLANTS:

Grasses, sedges, mosses, lichens

COMMON ANIMALS:

Musks, oxen, snowy owls, caribous, lemmings,

arctic hares, arctic foxes

ADAPTATIONS:

Many animals camouflage with white fur or feathers

caribous migrate to warmer places during the

winter

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Coniferous (Boreal) Forest

(also known as “TAIGA BIOME")

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LOCATION:

Northern latitudes

CLIMATE:

From 45 to 125 cm of rainfall per year, depending

on the region; short, moderate summers; cold,

snowy winters

COMMON PLANTS:

Pines, firs, hemlocks, spruces

COMMON ANIMALS:

Moose, black bears, elks, hares, wolves,

mountain lions, hawks, red squirrels

ADAPTATION:

Hoofed mammals have long legs for moving

through deep snow; others animals have thick

coats; evergreens have waxy leaves to prevent

water loss.

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Biomes:

Deciduous Forest

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LOCATION:

Mid-latitudes

CLIMATE:

100 cm of rainfall per year, four distinct seasons,

including hot, humid summers & cold dry

winter

COMMON PLANTS:

Oaks, maples, beeches, hickories

COMMON ANIMALS:

White-tail deer, beavers, foxes, bobcats, hawks,

racoons

ADAPTATIONS:

Deciduous trees lose their leaves to reduce

water loss in dry winter; some mammals

hibernate

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LOCATION:

Near the equator

CLIMATE:

200 cm of rainfall per year,

high temperature and humidity, no seasons

COMMON PLANTS:

Tall, broad leafed trees, palm trees,

vines, ferns, orchids

COMMON ANIMALS:

Parrots, toucans, monkeys, snakes,

lizards, beetles, termites - arboreal animals

ADAPTATION:Many animals are brightly colored; they live in trees for food and protection.

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FRESHWATER

Stream

River

Lakes

Ponds

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TWO TYPES OF

FRESHWATER BIOMES

Streams and rivers compose the runningwater

biomes. These biomes have continuously

flowing water.

Lakes and ponds compose thestanding water

biomes. The organisms in these biomes live

in the different parts of the water. Most of them

are found on the edges and shallow portions

of the water.

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The SALTWATER BIOMES includes

the vast seas and oceans. The earth’s largest biomes which covers about 75% of the earth’s surface.

FOUR MAJOR OCEANS:

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Indian Ocean

Arctic Ocean

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ESTUARY

  • Mixture of fresh water
  • and salt water.
  • The most productive water biomes
  • because it is very rich
  • in nutrients.
  • It is a good hatching and
  • developing ground
  • for many kinds of fish.
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Marine - oceans

Freshwater - lakes, ponds,

rivers, streams

Saltwater

Aquatic Biomes

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