Lesson xl 40
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Lesson XL (40). 3 rd declension nouns. Third Declension Nouns!. Latin has 5 declensions of nouns. Declensions are groups of nouns which share the same endings. 3 rd declension nouns. Third declension is the largest declension of nouns.

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Lesson XL (40)

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Lesson xl 40

Lesson XL (40)

3rd declension nouns


Third declension nouns

Third Declension Nouns!

  • Latin has 5 declensions of nouns.

  • Declensions are groups of nouns which share the same endings.


3 rd declension nouns

3rd declension nouns

  • Third declension is the largest declension of nouns.

  • Third declension includes masculine, feminine, and neuter nouns (we’ll work with the neuter nouns later on).

  • Both masculine and feminine 3rd declension nouns use the same chart.


3 rd declension nouns1

3rd declension nouns

  • Third declension nouns are identified by the

    –is ending in the genitive singular.

    pax, pacis (f.)

    lex, legis (f.)

    salus, salutis (f.)

    dux, ducis (m.)


Lesson xl 40

3rd Declension Endings

Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

---

-es

-is

-um

-i

-ibus

-em

-es

-e

-ibus


Lesson xl 40

Step 1 – Find the noun stem

The noun stem is found by dropping the genitive singular ending from the noun.

Dictionary entry of a noun:

pax,pacis, f. peace

Nominativesingular

Genitive singular

Gender

Meaning

pacis– is =pac

Noun Stem


Lesson xl 40

Step 2: Add the case endings to the noun stem.

pax, pacis (f.)

Singular Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

pax

pac

pac

pac

pac

pac

pac

pac

pac

pac

ibus

ibus

e

es

is

em

es

i

um


Nouns and adjectives

Nouns and Adjectives

  • The adjectives you have learned thus far are called “1st/2nd declension adjectives”

  • Therefore, they do not use 3rd declension endings!

  • But what if you need to use an adjective to describe a 3rd declension noun?!?!


Nouns and adjectives1

Nouns and Adjectives

  • Remember our old abbreviation G-N-C?

  • Nouns and adjectives agree in gender, number, and case.

  • They DO NOT have to agree in declension!

  • This means: sometimes nouns and adjectives have endings that AGREE but don’t MATCH.


Nouns and adjectives2

Nouns and Adjectives

  • Let’s say we want to decline the pair of words “a good law.”

  • Lex, legis (f.)---law

  • bonus, BONA, bonum---good

  • So, a good law is a “lex bona”

  • Let’s see what it looks like…


Lex bona a good law

Lex Bona“a good law”

Nom. lex bona legesbonae

Gen. legisbonaelegumbonarum

Dat. legibonaelegibusbonis

Acc. legembonamlegesbonas

Abl. lege bonalegibusbonis

Singular

Plural


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