Fdr and the new deal
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FDR and the New Deal. 1932 Election. FDR (Democrat) 57.4% - 472 electoral votes HH (Republican ) 39.6 % 59 electoral votes Franklin Delano Roosevelt our new president until 1945. Why do you think he won the Presidency? . New Deal. Focuses on: Relief (for the needy)

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FDR and the New Deal

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Fdr and the new deal

FDR and the New Deal


1932 election

1932 Election

  • FDR (Democrat) 57.4% - 472 electoral votes

  • HH (Republican ) 39.6 % 59 electoral votes

  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt our new president until 1945.

  • Why do you think he won the Presidency?


New deal

New Deal

  • Focuses on:

    • Relief (for the needy)

    • Recovery (the economy and market)

    • Reform (economic and market)

  • Methods:

    • 1. Closed all the banks to inspect their financial health

    • 2. Gave economic areas assistance

    • 3. provided job opportunities through work projects

    • 4. Provided economic and market regulation

    • 5. provide direct relief (food, clothing, etc.)

    • “Fireside chats”: used the radio to “talk” to the American people.


Reelected in 1936

Reelected in 1936

  • First hundred days: March 9th – June 16th 1933

    • Passed more than 15 major New Deal Legislation.

    • Expanded Federal Governments role in the economy.

      • Glass-Steagall Act (1933)- Federal Deposit Insurance (up to $5,000)

      • Federal Securities Act (1933) corporations provide information on stock offerings.

  • Second Hundred Days:

    • Focused on farms

    • Created Social Security Act:

      • Provided expansions for retirees and aid for people with disabilities.

  • Provided more jobs

  • Expanded Utilities.

    Other agencies and programs listed on page 706


Critics of the new deal

Critics of the New Deal

NEW Deal Goes too far!

New Deal Needs to do more!

  • Many Republicans believe that gov. control increased too much.

  • American Liberty League: believes the New Deal is socialism in disguise; hurts the wealthy; hurts businesses.

  • Deficit Spending: The government is spending money it does not have!

    • Federal deficit in1933 was $3 billion.

  • Progressives and Socialists called for MORE regulation.

  • Huey “Kingfish” Long (LA Senator)

    • Called for a complete distribution of wealth: turn the ladder horizontal.

    • “Share our wealth” program.


Supreme court reaction

Supreme Court Reaction

  • In the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court was very conservative.

    • It began to rule some of the New Deal programs unconstitutional.

      • National Industry Recovery Act and Agricultural Adjustment Act

  • FDR proposed a Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937

    • Would allow the President to appoint a new Supreme court justice for every member over 70.

      • FDR will be able to appoint 6 new judges

        • “Court Packing Plan”

    • Seen as a violation of presidential Authority and was defeated.

      • Bill defeated

  • FDR still gets his way.

    • 2 justices resigned, allowing FDR to appoint more liberal justices.

    • Over the next 4 years – 7 justices appointed.


New deal legacy

New Deal Legacy

  • American people loved FDR for his willingness to help the people.

    • They connected through the fireside chats

    • Only 4 term president in history.

  • The New Deal did not end the Depression, but the GNP increased and unemployment dropped.

    • The stock market and banking sector was saved and regulated.

    • Home mortgages increased

    • Workers were given more protection and benefits

    • Helped raise the crop prices


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