Fdr and the new deal
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FDR and the New Deal. 1932 Election. FDR (Democrat) 57.4% - 472 electoral votes HH (Republican ) 39.6 % 59 electoral votes Franklin Delano Roosevelt our new president until 1945. Why do you think he won the Presidency? . New Deal. Focuses on: Relief (for the needy)

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FDR and the New Deal

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FDR and the New Deal


1932 Election

  • FDR (Democrat) 57.4% - 472 electoral votes

  • HH (Republican ) 39.6 % 59 electoral votes

  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt our new president until 1945.

  • Why do you think he won the Presidency?


New Deal

  • Focuses on:

    • Relief (for the needy)

    • Recovery (the economy and market)

    • Reform (economic and market)

  • Methods:

    • 1. Closed all the banks to inspect their financial health

    • 2. Gave economic areas assistance

    • 3. provided job opportunities through work projects

    • 4. Provided economic and market regulation

    • 5. provide direct relief (food, clothing, etc.)

    • “Fireside chats”: used the radio to “talk” to the American people.


Reelected in 1936

  • First hundred days: March 9th – June 16th 1933

    • Passed more than 15 major New Deal Legislation.

    • Expanded Federal Governments role in the economy.

      • Glass-Steagall Act (1933)- Federal Deposit Insurance (up to $5,000)

      • Federal Securities Act (1933) corporations provide information on stock offerings.

  • Second Hundred Days:

    • Focused on farms

    • Created Social Security Act:

      • Provided expansions for retirees and aid for people with disabilities.

  • Provided more jobs

  • Expanded Utilities.

    Other agencies and programs listed on page 706


Critics of the New Deal

NEW Deal Goes too far!

New Deal Needs to do more!

  • Many Republicans believe that gov. control increased too much.

  • American Liberty League: believes the New Deal is socialism in disguise; hurts the wealthy; hurts businesses.

  • Deficit Spending: The government is spending money it does not have!

    • Federal deficit in1933 was $3 billion.

  • Progressives and Socialists called for MORE regulation.

  • Huey “Kingfish” Long (LA Senator)

    • Called for a complete distribution of wealth: turn the ladder horizontal.

    • “Share our wealth” program.


Supreme Court Reaction

  • In the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court was very conservative.

    • It began to rule some of the New Deal programs unconstitutional.

      • National Industry Recovery Act and Agricultural Adjustment Act

  • FDR proposed a Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937

    • Would allow the President to appoint a new Supreme court justice for every member over 70.

      • FDR will be able to appoint 6 new judges

        • “Court Packing Plan”

    • Seen as a violation of presidential Authority and was defeated.

      • Bill defeated

  • FDR still gets his way.

    • 2 justices resigned, allowing FDR to appoint more liberal justices.

    • Over the next 4 years – 7 justices appointed.


New Deal Legacy

  • American people loved FDR for his willingness to help the people.

    • They connected through the fireside chats

    • Only 4 term president in history.

  • The New Deal did not end the Depression, but the GNP increased and unemployment dropped.

    • The stock market and banking sector was saved and regulated.

    • Home mortgages increased

    • Workers were given more protection and benefits

    • Helped raise the crop prices


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