FDR and the New Deal. FDR: Symbol of Optimism. The Background – early 1930s.
During President Hoover’s government the Depression was in full swing. Unemployment was at 13 million, industries were closed, farms repossessed and the Dust Bowl was disastrous, banks shut down and the stock market had major difficulties.
People couldn’t find work anywhere so the government had to act.
People searched the newspapers for job adverts.
AMERICA GETS BACK TO WORK
FDR easily won the 1932 election
A man who was to become one of the most successful and well liked presidents of all time
Find out more about him.
Roosevelt soon came to the conclusion that a massive change in the American way of life was needed to tackle the problems.
What was needed was a
“The nation asks for action and action now.”
“Our greatest primary task is to put people to work.”
Faith in Securities Act 1933
Securities Act 1934
PWA workers construct a public building in Hartford, Connecticut
CWA School in Woodville, CA
Repaired business in Childersburg, Alabama
Citizens wait outside a FERA in Calipatria, CA for relief checks
The Supreme Court -- 1935
Huey Long made effective use of radio to promote his views
FDR wins in 1936
FDR wins 1936 election
also called the “Second Hundred Days”
The Davis Street School Extension in Atlanta under construction as part of the Works Progress Administration Program, November 2, 1936
The NLRA was also called the Wagner Act
Eleanor & Franklin
FDR appointed over 100 African Americans to positions within the government
FDR & Eleanor campaign by rail in 1936
Movies provided an escape from the hardships of the Great Depression
Families spent hours listening to the radio
The Hindenburg caught fire and was utterly destroyed within a minute Of the 97 people on board, 13 passengers and 22 crew-members were killed
WPA Art – “Democracy . . .a Challenge” – artist, date unknown
Wood’s American Gothic is perhaps the most famous piece of the era (1930)
Grant Wood’s Fall Plowing, 1931
Edward Hopper’s Nighthawks (1942)
Edward Hopper, Railroad Sunset (1929)
Mabel Dwight, In the Crowd (1931)
Thomas Hart Benton, Mine Strike
Singer Woody Guthrie used music to capture the hardship of the Great Depression