Writing a formal scientific report for an investigation
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Writing a formal Scientific report for an investigation. Title: An accurate, concise description of the project Introduction: A brief summary of the ecological niche of the organism with information why the aspect being investigated is significant

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Title: An accurate, concise description of the project

Introduction: A brief summary of the ecological niche of the organism with information why the aspect being investigated is significant

Aim:A formal statement of the purpose of the investigation

Hypothesis:A formal, testable statement of the expected outcome of the investigation. A null hypothesis stating the expected outcome if the variable has no effect on the organism could be included ( if relevant to the method of statistical analysis used)

Method: Afinal method that describes:

1. Independent variable (what you change) and its 4-5 points, units

2. Dependent variable (what you measure), units

3. Controlled variables (control or measurement of other key variables)

Results:Results should be presented as a series of tables and graphs and processed data accurately with calculation of averages of trials/repeats to show a pattern or trend (or absence).

Conclusion and discussion:A valid conclusion based on the processed data in relation to the purpose of the investigation, followed by an in-depth discussion of the biological significance of the results and how they relate to the ecological niche of the organism. If your results do not support known biological facts or theories, you should discuss it.

Evaluation:outline of the assumptions that were made in the investigation, problems encountered, how they were overcome and a critical evaluation of the effect of these in the investigation. This includes a discussion of: how limitations of the investigation were overcome? How sources of error were limited? How the effects of bias were reduced + validity of the conclusion based on statistical methods.

References:All sources cited in the text of your report should be listed.

Appendices:log book with all raw data table, initial method, trials, etc...


Data processing
Data processing

Chi-squared Test (table, degree of freedom)

Linear regression (finding R2)

Non-linear regression (polynomial or line of best fit)


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