Pignut Hickory Carya g labra. By David M arquardt. Classification (2). Kingdom Plantae Subkingdom Tracheobionta Superdivision Spermatophyta Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Subclass Hamamelididae Order Juglandales Family Juglandaceae Genus Carya Nutt.
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A pignut can grow 60 ft. high and have a spread of 20 -30 ft.
The trunk of a pignut grows long and straight. It forms an open crown in a regular oval shape
The bark of a Pignut Hickory has long close together ridges. The ridges are crooked and on old age become shaggy
The twig can be stout or slender, and the leaf scars have three lobes that form a monkey face
The leaves are pinnately compound and alternate.
The leaf is 8-twelve inches long with5 or 7 leaflets each.
They are toothed, lanceolate, slender, and glabrous
The leaves are green on top and paler below
The terminal bud is small and light brown in color. It is covered with tiny fine hairs
The fruit of a pignut is pear shaped
It has a thin outer husk that cracks when mature. The nut is round but flattened. The seed itself is bitter and inedible
The male flowers (catkins) are 2-3 inches long and hang in threes. Females are smaller and hanger near the end of the branch
Excluding Northern Michigan, Pennsylvania, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Southern Florida, the Pignut Hickory grows every East of the Mississippi River. It also grows in Missouri Arkansas and Louisiana.
The pignut grows mostly on dry ridge tops but has been sighted at low elevations in sandy soils
Pignut Hickory is most commonly used by humans as firewood
This is an important shade tree in suburban areas, although it is rarely planted for that purpose
The bark, fruits, and leaves provide food for many different kinds of wildlife. Including deer, bears, raccoons, squirrels, foxes, and songbirds