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Webinar on Graduate Project for Biopharma Students. whether you are just starting out in the program, or already writing your paper, this webinar is for you! please attend: march 5 th 7pm http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200-p http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200m session will be recorded.

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webinar on graduate project for biopharma students

Webinar on Graduate Projectfor Biopharma Students

whether you are just starting out in the program, or already writing your paper, this webinar is for you!

please attend: march 5th 7pm

http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200-p

http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200m

session will be recorded

slide2

Preparing a Graduate Project

in the

UMDNJ MS CTS Program

James L Parmentier, PhD.

Associate Professor

Biopharma Educational Initiative

slide3

IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Administrative
  • Research Design
  • Literature Research
  • Technical Writing
  • Oral Presentation
  • Administrative
grad project fieldwork initiation form
Grad Project/Fieldwork Initiation Form

Go to the Biopharma website > then to General Information >

http://shrp.umdnj.edu/dept/biopharma/documents/GraduateProjectFieldworkInitiationForm.pdf

Fill out the Graduate Project Fieldwork Initiation Form >

Think about what you can do and/or want to do:

Type of Experience? Contacts? Ability to Travel? Availability?

Fax or email it to your Advisor

slide6

IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Research Design
  • Literature Research
  • Technical Writing
  • Oral Presentation
slide7

IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Research Design
  • Literature Research
  • Technical Writing
research design it s all about asking a good question1
Research Design – It’s all about asking a good question

So, what makes a good research question?

the foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated
The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated

person saying…

the foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated1
The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated

person saying…

There has to be a better way to do this!”

research design it s all about asking a good question2
Research Design –It’s all about asking a good question
  • The question must be answerable.
  • 2) The question must be relevant.
  • 3) The question must be feasible.
slide18

NIH Clinical Research Questions

  • Diagnosis
  • Etiology
  • Therapy
  • Prognosis
slide19

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine

  • Frequency
  • Diagnosis
  • Prognosis
  • Therapy
  • Benefits and Harms
slide20

Among perimenopausal women, what is the effect of using hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

simple

slide21

Among perimenopausal women, what is the effect of using hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Among school age children, how effective are specialized school-based physical activity programs (compared to standard programs) in bringing about weight loss?

complex

simple

slide22

The process is to use PICO questions

P: Patient or population?

I: Intervention (or exposure or diagnostic test)?

C: Comparison: What is the main alternative

compared with the focus situation?

O: Outcomes: What is measured, improved,

affected or accomplished?

slide23

PIC0

What is the effectiveness among healthy peri-menopausal women in the USof using drug Xcompared to using no treatment for decreasing the incidence of hot flashes (as measured by patient self-report)?

slide24

PIC0

What is the effectiveness among healthy peri-

menopausal women in the USof using drug Xcompared to using no treatment for decreasing the incidence of hot flashes (as measured by patient self-report)?

Among US overweight children what is the effect of a multi-disciplinary weight loss intervention compared to single-mode interventions for bringing about improved weight status (as measured by BMI and percent body fat)?

slide25

List of Suggested Topics:

See the IDST6980-6989-M-Sp12: Graduate Project website

literature research it s all about finding the right information
Literature Research –It’s all about finding the right information
  • The information must be relevant.
  • 2) The information must be reliable and accessible.
  • The information must be interpretable.
slide28

Focused Medical-Scientific Literature Searching

• Aggregators: OVID-SP, Embase.com, EDSCO Host, Wiley

• Databases: Medline, Embase

• PubMed (NCBI)

• Boolean & Command-line searching (with tags)

• MEDLINE formatting and MeSH

slide29

Drug-Focused Literature Searching

February 27, 2012

https://sas.elluminate.com/site/external/jwsdetect/playback.jnlp?psid=2012-02-27.1604.M.FB161CDD6B76A23DB29DDF09989F52.vcr&sid=2009003

Carol Mitchell, MD

slide31

1

Searching the UMDNJ Library

2

3

4

slide32

Linking from PubMed to UMDNJ

Click here

Read more here

slide33

Linking from PubMed to UMDNJ

Create your NCBI Account

(Play around with it a little while)

• Click on Site Preferences

• Click on Filters and Icons

• Click on LinkOut

• Clink on Libraries

• Clink on UMDNJ

slide34

Linking from UMDNJ to PubMed

This time, click on “Our Campus Libraries”

slide35

Linking to PubMed from UMDNJ

In the bar next to PubMed type in the “Name [au] AND NAME [JOURNAL]” of what you want to find.

slide36

Now hit “Find it in UMDNJ” and you will be

taken directly to the full article…

slide38

Time and Resources Matter

For a 4-6 month project, one person working 10-20 hours

per week might expect to

cover 15 -20 articles.

Plan on working through an iterative process of fine-

tuning your question and

your literature searches.

technical writing it s all about communication2
Technical Writing It\'s all about communication

“Whoever writes to a

stranger should observe

three points…………

technical writing it s all about communication3
Technical Writing It\'s all about communication

That what he proposes be practicable;

His proposition should be made in explicit terms, so as to

be easily understood;

3) What he desires should in itself be reasonable.

Hereby he will give a favorable expression of his understanding and create a desire of further acquaintance. Now it happens that you, Sir, were negligent in ALL these points.”

technical writing it s all about communication5
Technical Writing –It\'s all about communication!
  • Know your story.
  • 2) Know your audience.
  • Write so you won\'t
  • be misunderstood.
macrostructure of a research article
Macrostructure of a Research Article

Discussion

Specific finding

to wider

implications

Introduction

General field

or

Context

Methods

Data and

Results

macrostructure of a research article1
Macrostructure of a Research Article

Discussion

Specific finding

to wider

implications

Introduction

General field

or

Context

IMRAD

Methods

Data and

Results

LB Sollaci and MG.Pereira, The introduction, methods, results, and discussion (IMRAD) structure: a fifty-year survey, J Med Libr Assoc. 2004 July; 92(3): 364–371. PMCID: PMC442179

a brief history of scientific writing
A Brief History of Scientific Writing

GD Lundberg, How to Write a Medical Paper to Get It Published in a Good Journal Medscape General Medicine > Departments > Webcast Video Editorials

Scientific

Journals

Peer Review

IMRAD

Lock, S: A difficult balance: Editorial peer review in medicine, nuffieldtrust.org, 1985

LB Sollaci and MG.Pereira, The introduction, methods, results, and discussion (IMRAD) structure: a fifty-year survey, J Med Libr Assoc. 2004 July; 92(3): 364–371. PMCID: PMC442179

the first journals
The First Journals

http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org

writing an introduction
Writing an Introduction

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  - Occupy the niche

writing an introduction1
Writing an Introduction

Move 1  - Establish a territory

▪ Point out the importance of the general subject or

▪ Make generalizations about the subject or

▪ Review items of previous research

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche

writing an introduction2
Writing an Introduction

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

▪ Indicate a gap in the existing research database or

▪ Raise a question about existing research or

▪ Make a counter-claim or

▪ Indicate that your work is expands an accepted path of

previous research

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche

writing an introduction3
Writing an Introduction

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche

▪ State the research that was pursued

▪ State the principal findings

▪ Indicate the basic structure of the article

writing a methods section
Writing a Methods Section

• Present the experimental design.

• Provide enough detail to allow readers to interpret your results.

• Give enough detail for readers to replicate your work.

writing a results section
Writing a Results Section

• Select the data or ideas that you wish to discuss

• Describe the rationale at the beginning of each subsection

• Make the data or ideas easy to find.

• If appropriate, present data in figures and tables.

slide56

The Content of a Discussion Section

• Summarize your findings

• Cite supporting literature

• Explain discrepancies

• Point out shortcomings of or in your work

• Identify unsettled points.

• Discuss theoretical and practical implications

• How might you test these implications?

slide57

Why the Discussion Section

Is so Hard to Write?

• It is harder to define than other sections

• It requires perspective, knowledge, and thought

• You may have begun writing it too early

• Your data may be weak or inconclusive

slide58

Writing a Conclusion

• Present an analysis of the key results

• Give a future perspective on the work

• Give recommendations, if appropriate

• In future research directions

• Mirror the scope and limitations presented

in the Introduction

slide59

Tables and Figures and

Illustrations

• To condense large amounts of information

• To present your findings

• To focus attention on certain findings

• To simplify complex findings

• To tell a story

slide60

Napoleon Invades Russia, Winter, 1812

http://cartographia.wordpress.com/2008/04/30/napoleons-invasion-of-russia

slide61

Writing the Abstract

• It is a stand alone, mini-version of your paper

• It describes the main sections of the paper.

• It states its purpose, findings and impact

• The bottom line of the Abstract should

resonate with the bottom line of the discussion.

• This is the most widely-read part of your paper

Your goal is economy of words.

r eferences in scholarly p apers
References in Scholarly Papers

http://www3.pcad.edu/Library/FAQs/Neville,%20Colin.%20%22The%20Complete%20Guide%20to%20Referencing%20&%20Avoiding%20Plagiarism%22.pdf

referencing techniques
Referencing Techniques

http://libraries.umdnj.edu/toolkits/Citing/

AMA Style for journal references from “JAMA”Journal of the American Medical Association

http://www.usciences.edu/library/help/citation-ama.asp

MLA (Modern Language Association ) MLA -- liberal arts and humanities

APA (American Psychological Association) -- social sciences

slide64

Thanks for

listening!

parmenjl@umdnj.edu

207-721-8428

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