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Webinar on Graduate Project for Biopharma Students. whether you are just starting out in the program, or already writing your paper, this webinar is for you! please attend: march 5 th 7pm http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200-p http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200m session will be recorded.

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Webinar on graduate project for biopharma students

Webinar on Graduate Projectfor Biopharma Students

whether you are just starting out in the program, or already writing your paper, this webinar is for you!

please attend: march 5th 7pm

http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200-p

http://tinyurl.com/shrpbphe6200m

session will be recorded


Preparing a Graduate Project

in the

UMDNJ MS CTS Program

James L Parmentier, PhD.

Associate Professor

Biopharma Educational Initiative


IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Administrative

  • Research Design

  • Literature Research

  • Technical Writing

  • Oral Presentation

  • Administrative


Grad project fieldwork initiation form
Grad Project/Fieldwork Initiation Form

Go to the Biopharma website > then to General Information >

http://shrp.umdnj.edu/dept/biopharma/documents/GraduateProjectFieldworkInitiationForm.pdf

Fill out the Graduate Project Fieldwork Initiation Form >

Think about what you can do and/or want to do:

Type of Experience? Contacts? Ability to Travel? Availability?

Fax or email it to your Advisor


IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Research Design

  • Literature Research

  • Technical Writing

  • Oral Presentation


IDST6980 - Aspects to Consider

  • Research Design

  • Literature Research

  • Technical Writing


Research design it s all about asking a good question
Research Design –It’s all about asking a good question


Research design it s all about asking a good question1
Research Design – It’s all about asking a good question

So, what makes a good research question?


The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated
The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated

person saying…


The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated1
The foundation of a good research question has always been some frustrated

person saying…

There has to be a better way to do this!”


There has to be a better way to do this this is an action a problem or a thing
always been some frustrated There has to be a better way to do this!”“this” is an action, a problem or a thing.


There has to be a better way to do this better way is a comparison statement
always been some frustrated There has to be a better way to do this!”“better way” is a comparison statement.


There has to be a better way to do this has bolded means it is important
always been some frustrated There has to be a better way to do this!”“has” (bolded) means it is important


There has to be a better way to do this
always been some frustrated There has to be a better way to do this!”


There has to be a better way to do this1
always been some frustrated There has to be a better way to do this!”


Research design it s all about asking a good question2
Research Design – always been some frustrated It’s all about asking a good question

  • The question must be answerable.

  • 2) The question must be relevant.

  • 3) The question must be feasible.


NIH Clinical Research Questions always been some frustrated

  • Diagnosis

  • Etiology

  • Therapy

  • Prognosis


Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine always been some frustrated

  • Frequency

  • Diagnosis

  • Prognosis

  • Therapy

  • Benefits and Harms


Among perimenopausal women, what is the effect of using hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

simple


Among perimenopausal women, what is the effect of using hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Among school age children, how effective are specialized school-based physical activity programs (compared to standard programs) in bringing about weight loss?

complex

simple


The process is hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?to use PICO questions

P: Patient or population?

I: Intervention (or exposure or diagnostic test)?

C: Comparison: What is the main alternative

compared with the focus situation?

O: Outcomes: What is measured, improved,

affected or accomplished?


P hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?IC0

What is the effectiveness among healthy peri-menopausal women in the USof using drug Xcompared to using no treatment for decreasing the incidence of hot flashes (as measured by patient self-report)?


P hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?IC0

What is the effectiveness among healthy peri-

menopausal women in the USof using drug Xcompared to using no treatment for decreasing the incidence of hot flashes (as measured by patient self-report)?

Among US overweight children what is the effect of a multi-disciplinary weight loss intervention compared to single-mode interventions for bringing about improved weight status (as measured by BMI and percent body fat)?


List of Suggested Topics: hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

See the IDST6980-6989-M-Sp12: Graduate Project website


Searching the literature it s all about finding the right information
Searching the Literature hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It’s all about finding the right information


Literature research it s all about finding the right information
Literature Research – hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It’s all about finding the right information

  • The information must be relevant.

  • 2) The information must be reliable and accessible.

  • The information must be interpretable.


Focused Medical-Scientific Literature Searching hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• Aggregators: OVID-SP, Embase.com, EDSCO Host, Wiley

• Databases: Medline, Embase

• PubMed (NCBI)

• Boolean & Command-line searching (with tags)

• MEDLINE formatting and MeSH


Drug-Focused Literature Searching hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

February 27, 2012

https://sas.elluminate.com/site/external/jwsdetect/playback.jnlp?psid=2012-02-27.1604.M.FB161CDD6B76A23DB29DDF09989F52.vcr&sid=2009003

Carol Mitchell, MD


PubMed hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes? – www.pubmed.gov


1 hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Searching the UMDNJ Library

2

3

4


Linking from hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?PubMed to UMDNJ

Click here

Read more here


Linking from hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?PubMed to UMDNJ

Create your NCBI Account

(Play around with it a little while)

• Click on Site Preferences

• Click on Filters and Icons

• Click on LinkOut

• Clink on Libraries

• Clink on UMDNJ


Linking from UMDNJ to hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?PubMed

This time, click on “Our Campus Libraries”


Linking to hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?PubMed from UMDNJ

In the bar next to PubMed type in the “Name [au] AND NAME [JOURNAL]” of what you want to find.


Now hit hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?“Find it in UMDNJ” and you will be

taken directly to the full article…


Bingo! hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?


Time hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?and Resources Matter

For a 4-6 month project, one person working 10-20 hours

per week might expect to

cover 15 -20 articles.

Plan on working through an iterative process of fine-

tuning your question and

your literature searches.


Technical writing it s all about communication
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It's all about communication


Technical writing it s all about communication1
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It's all about communication


Technical writing it s all about communication2
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It's all about communication

“Whoever writes to a

stranger should observe

three points…………


Technical writing it s all about communication3
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?It's all about communication

That what he proposes be practicable;

His proposition should be made in explicit terms, so as to

be easily understood;

3) What he desires should in itself be reasonable.

Hereby he will give a favorable expression of his understanding and create a desire of further acquaintance. Now it happens that you, Sir, were negligent in ALL these points.”


Technical writing it s all about communication4
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?–It's all about communication!


Technical writing it s all about communication5
Technical Writing hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?–It's all about communication!

  • Know your story.

  • 2) Know your audience.

  • Write so you won't

  • be misunderstood.


Macrostructure of a research article
Macrostructure of a hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?Research Article

Discussion

Specific finding

to wider

implications

Introduction

General field

or

Context

Methods

Data and

Results


Macrostructure of a research article1
Macrostructure of a hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?Research Article

Discussion

Specific finding

to wider

implications

Introduction

General field

or

Context

IMRAD

Methods

Data and

Results

LB Sollaci and MG.Pereira, The introduction, methods, results, and discussion (IMRAD) structure: a fifty-year survey, J Med Libr Assoc. 2004 July; 92(3): 364–371. PMCID: PMC442179


A brief history of scientific writing
A Brief History of hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?Scientific Writing

GD Lundberg, How to Write a Medical Paper to Get It Published in a Good Journal Medscape General Medicine > Departments > Webcast Video Editorials

Scientific

Journals

Peer Review

IMRAD

Lock, S: A difficult balance: Editorial peer review in medicine, nuffieldtrust.org, 1985

LB Sollaci and MG.Pereira, The introduction, methods, results, and discussion (IMRAD) structure: a fifty-year survey, J Med Libr Assoc. 2004 July; 92(3): 364–371. PMCID: PMC442179


The first journals
The First Journals hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org


The author s advantage
The Author's Advantage hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?


Writing an introduction
Writing an Introduction hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  - Occupy the niche


Writing an introduction1
Writing an Introduction hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Move 1  - Establish a territory

▪ Point out the importance of the general subject or

▪ Make generalizations about the subject or

▪ Review items of previous research

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche


Writing an introduction2
Writing an Introduction hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

▪ Indicate a gap in the existing research database or

▪ Raise a question about existing research or

▪ Make a counter-claim or

▪ Indicate that your work is expands an accepted path of

previous research

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche


Writing an introduction3
Writing an Introduction hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Move 1  - Establish a territory

Move 2  - Establish a niche

Move 3  -  Occupy the niche

▪ State the research that was pursued

▪ State the principal findings

▪ Indicate the basic structure of the article


Writing a methods section
Writing a Methods Section hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• Present the experimental design.

• Provide enough detail to allow readers to interpret your results.

• Give enough detail for readers to replicate your work.


Writing a results section
Writing a Results Section hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• Select the data or ideas that you wish to discuss

• Describe the rationale at the beginning of each subsection

• Make the data or ideas easy to find.

• If appropriate, present data in figures and tables.


The Content of a Discussion Section hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• Summarize your findings

• Cite supporting literature

• Explain discrepancies

• Point out shortcomings of or in your work

• Identify unsettled points.

• Discuss theoretical and practical implications

• How might you test these implications?


Why the Discussion Section hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Is so Hard to Write?

• It is harder to define than other sections

• It requires perspective, knowledge, and thought

• You may have begun writing it too early

• Your data may be weak or inconclusive


Writing a Conclusion hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• Present an analysis of the key results

• Give a future perspective on the work

• Give recommendations, if appropriate

• In future research directions

• Mirror the scope and limitations presented

in the Introduction


Tables and Figures and hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

Illustrations

• To condense large amounts of information

• To present your findings

• To focus attention on certain findings

• To simplify complex findings

• To tell a story


Napoleon Invades Russia, Winter, 1812 hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

http://cartographia.wordpress.com/2008/04/30/napoleons-invasion-of-russia


Writing the Abstract hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

• It is a stand alone, mini-version of your paper

• It describes the main sections of the paper.

• It states its purpose, findings and impact

• The bottom line of the Abstract should

resonate with the bottom line of the discussion.

• This is the most widely-read part of your paper

Your goal is economy of words.


R eferences in scholarly p apers
R hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?eferences in Scholarly Papers

http://www3.pcad.edu/Library/FAQs/Neville,%20Colin.%20%22The%20Complete%20Guide%20to%20Referencing%20&%20Avoiding%20Plagiarism%22.pdf


Referencing techniques
Referencing Techniques hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

http://libraries.umdnj.edu/toolkits/Citing/

AMA Style for journal references from “JAMA”Journal of the American Medical Association

http://www.usciences.edu/library/help/citation-ama.asp

MLA (Modern Language Association ) MLA -- liberal arts and humanities

APA (American Psychological Association) -- social sciences


Thanks for hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes?

listening!

[email protected]

207-721-8428


Remember write so you won t be misunderstood
Remember! hormone replacement therapy with drug X (versus no treatment) to reduce the incidence of hot flashes? Write so you won’t be misunderstood!


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