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The Age of Religious Wars. Part One: France. The French Wars 1562-1598. The persecution of Huguenots John Calvin exiled French monarchs held Huguenots punishable by the Inquisition. Charles V’s son has a mishap which would cause chaos in France.

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The age of religious wars

The Age of Religious Wars

Part One: France


The french wars 1562 1598
The French Wars 1562-1598

  • The persecution of Huguenots

  • John Calvin exiled

  • French monarchs held Huguenots punishable by the Inquisition.


Charles v s son has a mishap which would cause chaos in france
Charles V’s son has a mishap which would cause chaos in France.

  • Henry II was jousting when he gets lanced through his visor, killing him.

  • The sickly Francis II takes the throne only to die one year later.


Three families contend for the french crown
Three families contend for the French crown. France.

  • The Guises

  • The Bourbons

  • Montmorency- Chatillon


People join calvinist churches to protest the guise led monarchy
People join Calvinist churches to protest the Guise-led monarchy

  • 2/5 of France’s aristocracy were Huguenots.

  • Wanted something similar to the Peace of Augsburg.


Catherine de medicis
Catherine de Medicis monarchy

  • Sought Protestant Allies.

  • January Edict- Protestants could worship freely outside towns.

  • Then all of the sudden…


Geez guise
Geez Guise monarchy

  • Duke of Guise surprised Protestant congregation and massacred them, sparking the religious war.


The hesitation
The Hesitation monarchy

  • Conde and Coligny- Bourbon did not act

  • Catherine and son gave in to the demands of the mighty Guises.

  • Hey Ladies!


Payback
Payback monarchy

  • The Duke of Guise is assassinated in the 1st French religious war. 1562-63


1568 1570
1568-1570 monarchy

  • Conde killed, Coligny- a brilliant strategist leads the Huguenots.

  • Granted the right to worship in their territories and fortify their cities.


Playing both sides
Playing both sides monarchy

  • Catherine wanted a Catholic France and began siding w/ the Guises.


A scary day
A Scary Day… monarchy

  • August 22, 1572, Coligny was shot/ killed.

  • Catherine was involved in the plot with the Guises.

  • In a panic, she sent word to Charles IX that a Huguenot coup was after them.


St bartholomew s day massacre
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre monarchy

  • August 24, 1572. 3000 Huguenots were butchered in Paris. 17000 more in the following days.


Wars to come
Wars to come… monarchy

  • Protestants throughout Europe saw the massacre as a threat to their ways of life.

  • Force can be used if necessary to stop tyranny.


Henry iii felt the pinch between the catholic league and huguenots
Henry III felt the pinch between the Catholic League and Huguenots

  • The Peace of Beaulieu granted Huguenots religious freedom.

  • One year later the Catholic League’s pressure on Henry makes him take it back.


What happened next
What happened next? Huguenots

  • Henry III attempted to destroy the League who now had Spain as an ally. He lost.

  • He had more Guises assassinated.

  • He was then forced to go to Henry of Navarre, a Huguenot leader, for help.


Henry iii killed it may surprise you
Henry III killed, it may surprise you! Huguenots

  • Henry III was struck down by an enraged Dominican friar!


Henry iv ascends to the throne
Henry IV ascends to the throne. Huguenots

  • Spain won’t stand for a Protestant ruler.

  • Henry’s support grew, he converted to Catholicism to save France and makes Protestantism tolerable.

  • By 1596, the Catholic League was dispersed and gone.

  • No more religious wars in France 


Edict of nantes
Edict of Nantes Huguenots

  • Huguenots get: the right to public worship, assembly, admission to public office/ universities, and fortified towns.


Guess what happened next
Guess what happened next! Huguenots

  • Henry IV was assassinated by a Catholic fanatic 


Read 397 402 on spain
Read 397- 402 on Spain Huguenots

  • Sinbad wants you to describe how religious wars came to Spain and the Netherlands, listing important events, people, etc. He knows all!!!


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