The french civil religious wars
Download
1 / 48

The Religious Wars - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 246 Views
  • Uploaded on

The French Civil/Religious Wars. The Religious Wars. Between 1560 (The League of Augsburg) and 1648 Two Major Wars caused devastation for Europe. But the memory of the Religious Wars would go a long ways toward bringing about a religious freedom and the separation of church and state.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The Religious Wars' - lynley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


After these wars religion would cease to have a major role in european warfare

But the memory of the Religious Wars would go a long ways toward bringing about a religious freedom and the separation of church and state

After these wars, Religion would cease to have a major role in European Warfare


It must also be considered, that though religion has been cited as the main catalyst for these wars,ECONOMICS and POLITICAL ALLIANCES were perhaps equally important



The French Religious Wars… because religion has caused so much destruction in history.”

  • France was largest country in Europe

  • Calvinism spread quickly into France (Calvin himself was French)


In france a large proportion of the nobility became protestant
In France, a large proportion of the nobility became Protestant

  • Like Germany, these nobles wanted the right to choose the religion of their area

  • Many towns converted to Protestantism


The kings of france opposed calvinism
The Kings of France opposed Calvinism Protestant

  • This includes Francois I

  • And Henry II


Lutherans in Germany and Anglicans in England also opposed the spread of Calvinism—they believed there wasn’t enough room for another religion. Besides, Calvinism was troubling because of its independence


Remember, Calvinism did not respect state authority over religious independence. One’s allegiance was to God


In france persecution of the huguenots begins
In France, persecution of the Huguenots begins religious independence. One’s allegiance was to God

  • Many are burned at Stake


These three kings—Francis—1560, Charles IX 1574, and Henry III, 1589 never have a firm hand on the monarchy

Henry II dies in a joust—Catherine Medici, his widow, is left with three young sons.


The huguenots led by the king of navarre and admiral coligny vs the catholic guise family

The Henry III, 1589 never have a firm hand on the monarchyHuguenots, led by the King of Navarre and Admiral Coligny

Vs.

The Catholic Guise family

There were two sides:


During this time, France slid into civil war Henry III, 1589 never have a firm hand on the monarchy


The Huguenots fought for Henry III, 1589 never have a firm hand on the monarchyreligious liberty


The Guises fought to Henry III, 1589 never have a firm hand on the monarchyeliminate Calvinism, but they also fought for control of France. Henry III ordered the assassination of the Duke of Guise



Matters came to a head when Henry, King of Navarre came to Paris to marry Margot, daughter of Catherine de Medici, and sister to the King (1572)



Catherine de Medici orders that the Huguenot leaders are to be killed. Henry of Navarre escapes—but Coligny is murdered.


This occurred on St. Bartholomew’s Day. Mob violence broke out as both sides killed each other

Thousands of Huguenots were murdered across France. Hell broke lose as mercenaries were hired to participate in the killing


In Rome, the pope was delighted with the murder of the Huguenots. He ordered a celebration mass. Medals were struck to remember this Catholic victory.


Elizabeth looked at the events in France with horror. She became even more determined to prevent this happening in her country.

The Protestants appealed to Elizabeth of England to invade France.


The French royal family also tried to lure Elizabeth into marriage with one of their members, the younger son of Catherine, the Duke of Anjou


Wisely, Elizabeth kept out of the French mess—she focused her aide on the Netherlands revolt—an area where she could have the most impact


This religious fighting in France was chaotic, with armed bands roaming the countryside and many mini-truces among different areas.



The idea that civil order can accommodate more than one religion

The idea that civil order can accommodate more than one religion

This belief was that of a politique



He and princess margot never grew close but she was loyal and supportive

He and Princess Margot never grew close, but she was loyal and supportive.

If we remember, Henry had barely escaped from the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre


The final son, Henry III, of Catherine de Medici was assassinated in 1589.

  • Now the throne went to the next legal heir, Henry of Navarre—He would now be Henry IV.

  • Henry had the choice to convert to Catholicism before the Guise family would accept him—he converted in order to gain the throne.


He entered paris supposedly saying paris is worth a mass
He entered Paris, supposedly saying “Paris is worth a Mass”

  • The Catholics were delighted

  • The Huguenots were horrified

  • But Henry took the steps necessary to provide state order and end the French religious wars.


This edict guaranteed civil rights for huguenots paris was off limit to protestants

This Edict guaranteed civil rights for Huguenots. Paris was off limit to Protestants

Henry did not forget the Huguenots. He issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598


And henry iv forced toleration on his country

And Henry IV FORCED toleration on his country off limit to Protestants

The Huguenots became less rebellious after the Edict of Nantes






He never consulted the French Parliament, the Estates General---Taxes (the taille) were administered directly. Parliament was not consulted.





Over time, Cardinal Richelieu of France gained great influence during the childhood and adulthood of Louis XIII—only dying a year before Louis did. (1642)

Richelieu tried to maintain the order of Henry IV—he was the de facto ruler for 32 years



ad