Middle East. Brief history of the Region Part Two. Muhammad and the Rise of Islam. Depiction of Angel Jibril speaking to Muhammad. Rise of Islam & Islamic empires. The weakened Byzantine Empire begins to lose territory to the rising Arab Tribes under the leadership of Muhammad.
Brief history of the Region
Depiction of Angel Jibril speaking to Muhammad
The weakened Byzantine Empire begins to lose territory to the rising Arab Tribes under the leadership of Muhammad.
Early Arab & Islamic conquered most of the Byzantine Empire.
Deserts and Oasis Towns
Muhammad is from Mecca and begins to spread Islam …
Most people in Mecca did NOT support his teachings…
After Muhammad & Islam strengthens he returns and conquers Mecca.
Muhammad the Prophet of Islam spreads the religion in Arabia.
Islam and Arabic Culture spreads throughout Asia & Africa.
People use the term "golden age" to refer to a time of great achievements in a civilization.
Turks are Islamic, take over much of the area that the Arab Muslim’s controlled. Modern day Israel is conquered but Constantinople is NOT.
Religion- Islam, Turkish Rugs
Spices for cooking
Turkish Speaking Empire
Holy Sites Map in Jerusalem
Remember all three religions were living in peace and harmony in Palestine, before the Seljuk invasion. The Christians in Europe decided to organize the Crusades in response to Seljuk control.
Three Holy Sites, Dome of the Rock, Western Wall & Church of Resurrection.
Asia Minor & City of Constantinople are still Christian, the empire calls on the Western Roman empire for protection!
Many expeditions of Crusaders from Europe to the Holy Lands for close to 200 years!
Saladin, adhering to the teachings of Islam, did not slaughter the city's Christian inhabitants.
On the steppes, it can be both fiercely cold and deathly dry. Only the fit survive.
Ottoman Turks conquer the rest of the Byzantine Empire, Modern day Turkey. Changing capital from Constantinople to Istanbul!
Turkish/Central Asian Culture
Known in the East , as "The Lawgiver”, builds splendid cities, ruled over 50 million people.
Hagia Sofia was converted to a Mosque & today is combination of Christian & Islamic influence.
Click on Link for interactive map of the History of the Middle East