1. 1 Bulloch County Fire Driver/Operator Training
2. 2 Objectives: After completing this lesson, Students will be able to distinguish among the characteristics, equipment, and purposes of various pump-equipped fire apparatus.
3. 3 Answering the call …….then and now
4. 4 Purpose of a Department Pumper The main purpose is of a fire department pumper is to provide water at an adequate pressure for fire streams.
5. 5 Pump Capacities For Various Pumpers Minimum pump capacity for a pumper is 750 gpm per NFPA 1901
The pump size increase in 250gpm increments
Most municipal pumpers have pumps no larger than 2,000 gpm
Industrial pumpers have capacities over 2,000 gpm
6. 6 Basic Pumper Components and Equipment Water Pump
Hose of various types and uses
Wide variety of equipment per NFPA 1901
7. 7 Water Supplies for Pumpers Apparatus water tank
8. 8 Common Fire Apparatus
9. 9 Rescue Engine vs. Standard Pumper
Rescue Engines carry a vast array of specialized rescue equipment for extrication, rope rescue, hazardous materials, and other specialized rescues along with standard pumper equipment.
11. 11 Industrial & Airport Pumpers With Foam Capacity
Are built under NFPA 11C Standard for mobile foam apparatus, and they are primarily intended to produce large amounts of foam solution to attack Class B fire and spills in a quick and effective manner.
12. 12 ARFF Apparatus Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Apparatus
Provide immediate suppression of flammable liquid fires and spills
May be used at off airport sites at large scale incidents involving flammable liquids
13. 13 ARFF Apparatus Are divided into three classifications by NFPA 414 Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Vehicles.
Major firefighting vehicles
Rapid intervention vehicles
Combined agent vehicles
15. 15 Industrial & Airport Pumpers With Foam Capacity Are equipped with fire pumps that range in capacity from 1,000 to 3,000 gpm and generally use a form of a balanced pressure foam proportioning system due to their reliability at large volumes of flow. They carry an onboard tank of foam concentrate ranging from 500 gallons to 1,500 gallons.
17. 17 Municipal Pumpers With Foam Fall under the NFPA 1901 standard and usually have a limited number of outlets designated for foam capabilities. They may be a class A or B system or a combination and have a onboard tank with capacity of 20 to 100 gallons
19. 19 Pumpers with Elevating Master Streams These units are under the NFPA 1901 standard and are not aerial ladders. The elevating devices range from 50 to 75 feet and are designed to apply a large volume of water to lower and upper levels of a structure.
21. 21 Mini-pumpers Are small units on a pickup style chassis that are normally four wheel drive. They usually have pumps of 500 gpm or less that are pump and roll capability that carry around 250 gallons of water. They carry a smaller amount of standard pumper equipment.
23. 23 Advantages of a Minipumper Enables the fire department to initiate a quicker attack than a full size pumper.
They can gain access to a much smaller area than your typical full size pumper.
24. 24 Midi-pumpers Are used in the same type of situations as mini-pumpers and are mounted on chassis of 12,000 pounds GVW or greater. They have pumps up to 1,000 gpm and carry in the area of 500 gallons. They also carry a minimum amount of standard pumper equipment. They can be used on the initial attack of larger fires.
26. 26 Mobile Water Supply Apparatus Known as Tenders or Tankers
Are used in areas of little or no municipal water supply.
Have water tanks of at least a 1,000 gallons per NFPA 1901
No more that 1,500 gallons of water on a single axle. Anything greater must have a tandem axel.
28. 28 Mobile Water Supply Apparatus What determines the tank size?
Bridge weight limits
Size of other mobile water supply apparatus in the area.
29. 29 What are design requirements?
Adequate tank size
Adequate filling time
Adequate dump time
Adequate suspension and steering
Properly sized chassis
Properly sized engine for tank and terrain Mobile Water Supply Apparatus
30. 30 Mobile Water Supply Apparatus What are design requirements?
Sufficient braking ability
Proper tank mounting
Proper and safe tank baffling
Ability to dump water from either side and also the rear of the apparatus
31. 31 Mobile Water Supply Apparatus What are two ways they are used as support for initial attack apparatus?
Reservoir (“nurse tanker/tender”)
Water shuttle operations
32. 32 Super Vac Tanker
35. 35 Wild land Firefighting Apparatus Are light weight and highly maneuverable
Built on one-ton or larger vehicles
Are generally all wheel drive
Pump and tank sizes of less than 500 gallon
Pumps either are PTO or have a separate motor
Carry smaller size hose
37. 37 Wildland Firefighting Apparatus Have remote control nozzles
Have ground sweep nozzles
May have class A foam capability
Need to be designed so that no firefighter rides on the outside the apparatus to spray water as this is forbidden by NFPA 1500
38. 38 Wildland Firefighting Apparatus What are two ways for making a moving fire attack using wildland firefighing apparatus?
Use of remote control nozzles
Use of a small length of hose and the firefighters walking along side the apparatus
39. 39 Fire Boat Apparatus Designed for fire protection to docks, piers, boats and relay water to onshore firefighting operations
Sizes range from small river based unit to large ocean going vessels
Pumps have capacities up to as much as 26,000 gpm
41. 41 Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps What are some advantages?
May operate as a ladder or engine company or both at the same time
Able to supply its own elevated master stream
Able to extinguish fire when an engine is not present and protect unit from radiant heat
42. 42 Aerial Apparatus with Fire Pumps Are commonly referred to as a “Quint”
Must have a aerial device, pump, water tank, ground ladders and fire hose
Variable size pumps up to 2,000 gpm
Water tanks from 200 to 750 gallons
44. 44 Aerial Platforms
45. 45 Articulating Aerials
46. 46 Rescue Apparatus with Fire Pump Usually a smaller pump with a capacity of 500 gpm or less
Usually a smaller tank up to 500 gallons
May have a foam system also installed
Limited amount of hose
Used primarily for small fires and a protection hose line for extrication