Hyperthermia deaths of children in vehicles june 29 2011
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Hyperthermia Deaths of Children in Vehicles June 29, 2011. Complete and mail back the evaluation form at the end in order to get CEU credits. Webinar brought to you by the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems’ EMSC Program, with funding by the Maryland State Highway Office.

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Hyperthermia Deaths of Children in Vehicles June 29, 2011

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Hyperthermia Deaths of Children in VehiclesJune 29, 2011

Complete and mail back the evaluation form at the end in order to get CEU credits.

Webinar brought to you by the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems’ EMSC Program, with funding by the Maryland State Highway Office.


Hyperthermia Deaths of Children in Vehicles

Jan Null, CCM

San Francisco State University


  • Girl, 2, dies in daycare van

  • Toddlers died of hyperthermia

  • Police: Baby Left in Car Died from Overheating

  • New Braunfels infant dies in hot car

  • Child dies after being left in pickup

  • New Orleans police investigating death of small boy

  • …. and 9 more similar headlines this year

Recent Headlines


16


  • Twins die trapped inside a hot vehicle

  • Funeral today for girl found dead in hot van

  • Baby left in truck all day dies

  • Toddler dies after being left in hot car

  • Baby daughter dies after dad forgets her inside his car

  • Son dies after 9 hours in car

  • …. And 43 more similar headlines in 2010 ….

2010 Headlines


49


How Many?

510+


1991-199721 Airbag Deaths/yr11 Hyperthermia/yr

1998-2010<1 Airbag death/yr38 Hyperthermia/yr


253

100 of the “forgotten” children (44%) wereto have been dropped off childcare/preschool .

What Circumstances?

150

86


  • Average Age = 21 months

  • Youngest = 1 month (2 cases)

  • Oldest = 13 years

How Old?


When?


More states have laws against leaving pets in vehicles

Current Law


  • Child’s less capable of cooling their bodies

  • Body temperature rises 3 to 5 times faster

  • Heat Stroke

    • Body ≥ 104 ° F

    • System shuts down

    • Symptoms

      • Stops perspiring, faintness, cramps, rapid pulse, and possible delirium or coma

    • Death at 107 ° F

Hyperthermia


… or severe brain damage:

Before:

"He was talking, walking, running and acting up,” his mother said. "He was potty trained. He was beginning to talk to us in sentences ... ”

And now:

"Demarion can't talk anymore,” she said. "He moans. He doesn't walk. He doesn't crawl. He's no longer potty trained. He has to be fed through a tube … He can’t give us a hug anymore.”

Hyperthermia


  • Almost 10 Years

  • July 24, 2001, San Jose California

    • Kyle Patrick Gilbert (5 mo)

    • Left by 19-year-old father

  • Media asked “How hot did it get in the car?”

  • Only study was by LA State Med. Soc. for only a single 93° day

My Involvement?


  • Summer 2002 observational study

  • 16 study days

    • Outside air temperatures from 72 ° - 96° F

  • On two days, measurements were also made with the windows “cracked” 1.5 inches

How Hot? How Fast?


Incoming Shortwave Solar Radiation Warms Interior Objects

How Cars Get Hot

Outgoing Longwave Radiation Heats the Air

Air and Windows are Transparent to Sunlight


How Hot? How Fast?


How Hot? How Fast?


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


An 80° Day


Future Efforts

  • Temperatures

    • Extended time periods

    • Different vehicle types

  • Incident Statistics

    • Find unknown cases

      • Lexis-Nexis

      • Networking

  • Outreach

    • SafeKids

    • National Weather Service

    • Harrison’s Hope


Safety Recommendations

  • Never leave a child unattended in a vehicle. 

  • Not even for a minute!

  • If you see a child unattended in a hot vehicle

  • Call 9-1-1.

  • Be sure that all occupants leave the vehicle when

  • unloading. Don't overlook sleeping babies.

  • Have a plan that your childcare provider will call you if

  • Your child does not show up for school.


Safety Recommendations

  • Teach your children that vehicles are never to be used as a play area.

  • Keep keys and remote entry devices out of reach.

  • If a child is missing

    • Check the pool first

    • Check the car, including the trunk


SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS

SafeKids

National Weather Service

Harrison’s Hope


SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS


Contact Information

  • Jan Null, CCM

    • San Francisco State University

    • 408-379-7500

    • [email protected]

    • ggweather.com/heat/


Thank you for participating today!

Final Instructions:

Evaluation form is available on our website: http://www.miemss.org/EMSCwww/CPSHome.htm; alternatively, we can email it to call participants.

Return your completed evaluation along with the contact info page to receive your CEU certificate.


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