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TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION FOR MONITORING, FORECASTING, MODELING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR MARINE ENVIRONMENT. SEAWATCH INDONESIA. NAWA SUWEDI Email: [email protected] IO TEWS – IOC Assessment Mission August 29 th , 2005.

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SEAWATCH INDONESIA

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Seawatch indonesia

TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION FOR MONITORING, FORECASTING, MODELING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR MARINE ENVIRONMENT

SEAWATCH INDONESIA

NAWA SUWEDI

Email: [email protected]

IO TEWS – IOC

Assessment Mission

August 29th, 2005

Center for Assessment and Application for Environmental Technology

P3TL-BPPT

Jakarta - Indonesia


Introduction

SWI established in 1996

In cooperation with OCEANOR-Norway(1996- 1999)

Build networking inter-institutions

Has been deployed at 10 locations in Indonesian waters

Study in several fields (physic oceanography, marine biology and coastal ecosystem)

Symposiums, workshops, exhibitions, expert exchange and trainings (National and International)

Data acqusition, evaluation and assessment (1996-2005):

from SWI buoy (1996 – 2000)

joint research with another institutions (domestic and abroad)

INTRODUCTION


Research activities

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

Zoning

Integrated Management of Marine and Coastal Biodiversity

Met-Ocean

Water Quality

Impact analysis of Eutrophication

Correlation of physics, chemicals and biological parameters to marine ecosystem

Oilspill monitoring

The impact of chemical element of oil to ecosystem

Coral reef

Nutrient dispersion

Fish stock potential area

Fish pond area

Seaweed culture area

Tourism area

Mangrove forest area

Numerical Model

Marine Environment monitoring

Tsunami monitoring (future)

Study of El-nino, Sea level rise, Tides, Waves, Current, Global climate

  • The assessment of marine and coastal ecosystem :

  • Marineculture

  • Algal Blooms monitoring


Providing data

That contributeto :

Early warning system data of natural phenomenon including possible marine hazards (oil spill, harmful algal blooms, etc)

SEAGOOS and GOOS programs for preserving and restoring the marine environment and the marine living resources.

IO TEWS (Indian Ocean for Tsunami Early Warning System). --- future ---

Providing Data


Seawatch indonesia

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING MODULE SYSTEM

Integration of Information Technology, Instrumentation,Telecommunication and Marine Sciences


Seawatch indonesia

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING MODULE SYSTEM

BUOY AND SENSOR

Receiver System ARGOS, GPS, INMARSAT Satellite

Personal Computer

Real Time

Data Base

Read Down Station

DISTRIBUSI DATA

VIA

NETWORKING

CTD Sensor

Transmitter System ARGOS, GPS, INMARSAT Satellite

U

N

I

T

C

O

N

T

R

O

L

L

E

R

Oxygen Sensor

Nutrient Sensor

Storage

Raw Data

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Radio Activity Sensor

Meteorology Sensor

Clock

Control

Current Meter

Current Meter

And Wave Reader

Power Supply (Dry Battery)

Integration of Information Technology, Instrumentation,Telecommunication and Marine Sciences


Seawatch indonesia activities

SEAWATCH INDONESIA ACTIVITIES

Setup Equipment

Buoy Deployment

Buoy Maintenance and Drifting

Monitoring, Modeling and Forecasting

Buoy Measurement


Seawatch indonesia

Inmarsat Satellite

Readdown Station

Buoy

Wave Reader

Current Meter

Acoustic Telemetry

Pressure Sensor &IPT

Mooring

SEAWATCH INDONESIA BUOY

Environmental Monitoring Module (Present)

Tsunami Module (Future)


Buoy and sensor

BUOY AND SENSOR


Seawatch indonesia

LOCATION OF BUOY MEASUREMENT

BUOY DEPLOYMENT 1996-2000

10 Buoy to Deploy

2 Buoy for Backup

Networking with : LIPI, BMG, HUBLA, DISHIDROS, BAIS, DKP


Seawatch indonesia

Inmarsat Satellite

Readdown Station

Buoy

Wave Reader

Current Meter

Acoustic Telemetry

Pressure Sensor &IPT

Mooring

TSUNAMI MODULE SYSTEM

  • Deep water instrumentation

  • Acoustic link to the surface buoy

  • Satellite transmission of data to Shore control station

  • Buoy with sensors to measure current and pressure signals from a Tsunami wave

  • Current direction to determine the propagation direction for the Tsunami wave

  • High frequency sampling rate to detect pressure gradient and current direction


Seawatch indonesia

Executive Summar

Part

Moored Surface Buoy

Ocean Buttom Pressure

EXISTING INSTRUMENT

12 Sea Environmental Monitoring Module

Distributed location : Malacca strrait, Thousand-Islands (Java), Batam, Masalembo, Jepara, Bawean

Sensors: Meteorological, air-pressure, wave-height&direction, nutrient analyser, Oxygen, current meter, radioactive, temperature-profiler, pressure sensor

None

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF PROPOSED INSTRUMENTS

·Consist of solar panel and batteray, CPU and a Processor, storage system, Comucation equipment, meteorology sensors·Alternate oceanographical data such as wind direction & speed, temperature, humidity, CTD, surface waves & current are available on transmitting by request in monthly, quarterly up to yearly format

   Proposed :

§15 moored surface buoys will be deployed : 10 of Germany and 5 of Norway

§Proposed location Fig. 6 (to be discused) along west Sumatra, Sunda Strait, South Java, South Bali and Nusa Tenggara, Banda Sea, north of Papua, north and east of Sulawesi, Maluku

§Additional sensors: surface wind, temperature & humidity, CTD, wave height & direction, current speed & direction

§High efficiency buoy device operational base

·Consist of bottom pressure sensor, acoustic link transmitter ( to the surface buoy) and an acoustic release.

·Data transmission interval: Normal mode (15’) and tsunami mode (1’)

·Normal mode is set for normal operation (no tsunami)

·Tsunami mode is triggered when a detectable sea surface anomaly/spikes occurs, and a tsunami mode will last for 4 hours

Proposed :

•25 BPS will be deployed: 20 of Germany and 5 of Norway

•Deployment site: near trench to the fore-arc basin direction (to be discussed) along west Sumatra, Sunda Strait, South Java, South Bali and Nusa Tenggara, Banda Sea, north of Papua, north and east of Sulawesi, Maluku.

•Interim Stage: 5 BPS at west Sumatra (Mentawai), Sunda Strait and south Java (see map below)

NETWORKS

§For tsunami data purpose: one way radio/ satelite comunication

§For alternate data purpose : two way radio/ satelite comunication

§Recommendation telecommunication system: near VSAT (first level), or GARUDA (PASTI), IMARSAT.

§National Tsunami Center (BMG and/ or BPPT) distributes data to various users (BPPT, LIPI, DKP, etc)

•One way acoustic link to the surface buoy

•One way acoustic link from the ship/surface to the acoustic release

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE

§MAINTENANCE by semester, and/or by demand: performed by P3TL-BPPT with supports from DKP & Baruna Jaya (RV BPPT/LIPI)

Operational

•Normal mode: data sampling rate 15’ and data transmission 1-hr

•Tsunami mode: data sampling rate 15” dan transmission rate 1’ for 4-hours.

Maintenance

•Estimated lifetime 1-year, need battery replacement and routine maintenance yearly.

•Backup buoys should be available should one fail to operate.

ADDITION, UPGRADING

5 of 12 unit environmental buoys to be upgraded

National development for micro-satellite to provide data collection platform

•Sensor OBS (Ocean Bottom Seismograph)

•Other sensors related to the tectonic activities.

Executive Summary of The Tsunami Buoy Grand Design


Seawatch indonesia

EURASIA

EURASIA

PACIFIC

Seismograph = 160 unit

Accelerograph

= 500 unit

INDO

INDO

-

-

AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIA

Seismograph = 160 unit

Tsunami Buoy = 15 Unit

Tsunami Buoy = 15 Unit

Proposed Tsunami Buoys Locations


Organization structure

ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE

BPPT

Center for Assessment and Application for Environmental Technology

P3TL-BPPT

Waste & Water Treatment Team

Technology for Clean Production and Air Polution Control Team

Solid Waste Management and Processing Technology Team

Design for Man-Made Environment Team

Seawatch Indonesia Team


Operational organization structure of seawatch indonesia

OPERATIONAL ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF SEAWATCH INDONESIA

BPPT

Center for Assessment and Application for Environmental Technology

P3TL-BPPT

Seawatch Indonesia

Group of Data Monitoring and Modeling

Group of Buoy Operation, Maintenance & Development

Group of Database Management

Group of Human Resources Development

Research Activities


Thank you

THANK YOU


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