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Are we on the same page???. Ch. 1 L 1 Chapter 1 lesson 1 1-1 Notes 9/?/09. vocab Prehistory- is history that happened before the invention of writing Fossil- remains of once-living things Artifact- human-made objects

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Ch. 1 L 1 Chapter 1 lesson 1 1-1 Notes 9/?/09

vocab

Prehistory- is history that happened before the invention of writing

Fossil- remains of once-living things

Artifact- human-made objects

Migration- movement from one place to another

Domestication- to tame living things for people’s use

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Fossil Finds

  • Archaeologists and paleoanthropologists work together
  • hominid – early human ancestor
  • Eugene Dubois found Homo erectus – “human who stands upright”
  • Ray Dart australopithecine – earlier than Homo Erec.
  • Leakey’s australopithecine –Olduvai Gorge E. Africa- also find Homo habilis – “handy person” – stone tools found near by
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Rich Leakey dozens of hominid fossils – 2.5 mill. Yr. old Homo habilis

  • Don Johanson 3 mil yr old austr. “Lucy” in Ethiopia
  • Tim White 4.5 mil yr old austr.

Early Ancestors

  • 1st hominids appear south of Sahara in Africa more than 3 mil yr ago
  • Austr. meat & plant eaters
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2.5 mil yr ago Homo habilis - spread across Africa – gathered & ate plants & scavenged for meat – used stones to cut meat

  • 1.9 mil yr ago Homo erectus – greater brain pow. than habilis
  • Erectus tames fire – protection, warmth - traveled in bands
  • Modern humans appear 200,000 yrs ago – Homo sapiens

Ch. 1 L 2 9/?/09

Vocab

Word-definition

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Homo erectus & Homo sapiens lived side by side – erec. Dies out

  • Homo sapien “wise human”

Survival Skills

  • Archaelgsts. excav. sites section off site into squares look for artifacts
  • Radiocarbon dating- living things only used 50,000 yrs or younger
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Bands made up related fams. About 20- cooperation

  • TRIAL and ERROR
  • Bands followed food – migrated

Spreading Through the World

  • 2-3 miles in lifetime
  • People moved to Asia, Europe, Australia, Americas
  • Ice Age – land bridges
  • Culture, language, customs are exchanged and move

Well……

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