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MARULA PROJECT. NGWANAMAGO PRIMARY LIMPOPO SOUTH AFRICA GRADE 7 GROUP A. Scientific name. SCLEROCARYA BIRREA. CONTENTS. SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION COMMON NAMES OTHER NAMES TRADITIONAL USES COMMERCIAL USES 6. REFERENCES AND LINKS. SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION. KINGDOM: PLANTAE

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Marula project

MARULA PROJECT

NGWANAMAGO PRIMARY

LIMPOPO

SOUTH AFRICA

GRADE 7 GROUP A


Scientific name
Scientific name

  • SCLEROCARYA

    BIRREA


Contents
CONTENTS

  • SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

  • COMMON NAMES

  • OTHER NAMES

  • TRADITIONAL USES

  • COMMERCIAL USES

    6. REFERENCES AND LINKS


Scientific classification
SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

  • KINGDOM: PLANTAE

  • (UNRANKED): ANGIOSPERMS

  • (UNRANKED): EUDICOTS

  • (UNRANKED): ROSIDS

  • ORDER: SAPINDATES

  • FAMILY: ANACARRDIACEAE


Commons name
COMMONS NAME

  • TSHIVENDA :MAFULA

  • ENGLISH:JELLY PLUM,CAT THORN, MORULA, CIDER TREE, MARULA, MAROOLA NUT/PLUM

  • AFRIKAANS:MROELA

  • BAMBARA:NKUNA,NKUTAN

  • PORTUGUESE:(MOZAMBIQUE):CANHOEIRO

  • HAUSA:DANIA

  • SOTHO:MORULA

  • SWAHILI:MNG’ONGO

  • SHONA:MUTSOMO,MUKWAKWA,MUSHOMO,MUGANU,MUPFURA ;[FRUITS]PFURA;[TREE]MUFURA,MAFUNA,MARULA

  • TSWANA:MARULA

  • NORTHERN/SOUTHERN NDEBELE:IGANU,IKANYI,UMGANU,UMKANO

  • SWAZI:[FRUTS]EMAGANU,[TREE]umganu

  • Zulu:umganu,[fruits]amganu,[SEEDS,TREE]UMGANU


Other names
OTHER NAMES

  • [KENYA]-BIBISSA, KAMBA

  • [KENYA]-MUUA;KWANGALI-UFUONGO;LOVEDU-MARULA;MAASAI

  • [KENYA]-OI-MANGWAI;MERU

  • [KENYA]-MURA;PEDI[FRUITS]-LERULA,MARULA

  • PEDI[TREE]-MORULA,MERULA

  • [KENYA-ORULUO;RONGA

  • [MOZAMBIQUE]-NCANHI;SEBEI

  • [KENYA]-KATELUM

  • SHANGAAN; NKANYI,DINGA

  • [KENYA-NGONGO;TONGA:TSUA,TSULA,UMGANU

  • [KENYA]-TOLOLOKWO;DINKA

  • [SUDAN]-GUMMEL;NUER

  • [SUDAN]-KAMEL,OMEL;MORU

  • [SUDAN]-KYELE;LUO



Traditional uses
TRADITIONAL USES

1. The seed kernels are high in protein and fat. Marula Oil made from these seed kernel, can be used as a type of skin care oil.

  • Marula oil made from the seed kernel is the delicious addiditive to meals in Africa it contains antioxidants and oleic acid

  • The bark is used both as treatment and a prophylaxis for malaria.

  • An infusion of the inner bark of the tree may be applied to scorpion sting and snake bites to alleviate pain

  • The leaves are chewed on to help indegestion and to treat heart burn.

  • Products of fruits and the tree are useful in craft and in agriculture

  • Gums exudates from the stem are mixed with water and soot to make ink.

  • The bark also yields a red-brown dye used in colouring traditional craftware

  • The fruit infusion is used to bathe tick-infested livestock, the fruit is regarded as the potent insecticide

  • The juice is also feremnted into beer for intertainment



Commercial uses
COMMERCIAL USES

  • On an industrial level the fruit of the Marula tree is collected from the wild by members of the rural communities on whose land the trees grow

  • This harvest and sale of fruit only occurs during two to three months but is an important income to poor rural people

  • The fruit is delivered to processing plants where fruit pulp, pips, kernels and kernel oil are extracted and stored for processing throughout the year.

  • The most important industrial product is AMARULA which is probably still the second largest selling cream liquor in the world. Mirma is based in Phalaborwa assembles and processes 4000 tons a year of fruit.

  • They produce pulp from the skin which is refrigerated and shipped to distel in the Cape Winelands, here it is fermented, distilled, matured, blended and bottled before being internationally distributed.



Reference
REFERENCE

  • http://www.timeslive.co.za/thetimes/2014/04/02/mysteries-of-marula-unravel-in-classroom

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclerocarya_birrea

  • http://www.nda.agric.za/docs/Brochures/marula_booklet.pdf

  • http://www.nda.agric.za/docs/Brochures/Amarula_1.pdf

  • https://www.botanicalsociety.org.za/ProjectsAndActivities/Useful%20Plants/15%20%20Marula%20June%202011.pdf

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50tlF3kGbT4http://www.timeslive.co.za/thetimes/2014/04/02/mysteries-of-marula-unravel-in-classroom

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclerocarya_birrea

  • http://www.nda.agric.za/docs/Brochures/marula_booklet.pdf

  • http://www.nda.agric.za/docs/Brochures/Amarula_1.pdf

  • https://www.botanicalsociety.org.za/ProjectsAndActivities/Useful%20Plants/15%20%20Marula%20June%202011.pdf

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50tlF3kGbT4



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