radiology of the renal system
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
RADIOLOGY OF THE RENAL SYSTEM

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 46

RADIOLOGY OF THE RENAL SYSTEM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 169 Views
  • Uploaded on

RADIOLOGY OF THE RENAL SYSTEM. DR. Reshaid Aljurayyan DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGY. Outline:. Introduction Imaging modalities used to study the renal system Anatomy and normal appearance of the renal system Common pathological cases. Introduction. What is the radiology?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' RADIOLOGY OF THE RENAL SYSTEM' - audrey-murphy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
radiology of the renal system

RADIOLOGY OF THE RENAL SYSTEM

DR. Reshaid Aljurayyan

DEPARTMENT OF RADIOLOGY

outline
Outline:
  • Introduction
  • Imaging modalities used to study the renal system
  • Anatomy and normal appearance of the renal system
  • Common pathological cases
introduction
Introduction
  • What is the radiology?

Radiology is a medical specialty that employs the use of imaging to both diagnose and treat disease visualized within the human body.

  • What is the renal system?
outline1
Outline:
  • Introduction.
  • Imaging modalities used to study the renal system.
  • Anatomy and normal appearance of the renal system.
  • Common pathological cases.
imaging modalities
Imaging modalities:
  • Conventional X-Ray
  • IVU (intra-venous urogram) / X-Ray + Contrast
  • US
  • CT
  • MRI
  • Nuclear medicine
imaging modalities1
Imaging modalities:
  • Conventional X-Ray
  • IVU (intra-venous urogram) / X-Ray + Contrast
  • US
  • CT
  • MRI
  • Nuclear medicine

ALL CAN BE USED

conventional radiography x ray
Conventional Radiography (X-ray)
  • +ve:
    • Cheap & widely available
    • Often used as first choice
  • -ve:
    • Radiation
    • Limited anatomy
  • Used for:
    • Evaluate abdomen pain
    • Some time good for diagnosing kidney stones
slide9
Radio lucent  black (air)
  • Radio opaque  white (bone/stone)
radiograph x ray
Radiograph (X-ray)

Where are the kidneys ??

radiograph x ray1
Radiograph (X-ray)

Where are the kidneys ??

slide12
IVU
  • Same as X ray but with IV contrast
slide13
IVU
  • +ve:
    • Cheap & available
  • -ve:
    • Radiation
    • Needs IV contrast (?reaction)
    • Old (replaced by CT & MRI)
  • Used for:
    • To diagnose kidney stones
    • To diagnose hydronephrosis
slide15
US
  • Ultrasound.
  • Use high frequency sound wave.
  • Contrast between tissue is determined by sound reflection.
slide16
US
  • + ve:
    • Available
    • No radiation
    • Good anatomy
  • - ve:
    • Operator dependent
  • Used for:
    • Good for kidney stones
    • Excellent for hydronephrosis
    • Excellent for focal lesion e.g. cysts, masses
slide17
Hyper-echoic  white
  • Hypo-echoic  grey
  • An-echoic black (fluid)
slide19
CT:
  • + ve:
    • Relatively available (more then MRI)
    • Very good anatomy
  • - ve:
    • Radiation
    • Some times need IV contrast (? reaction)
  • Used for:
    • Excellent for kidney stones (the best)
    • Excellent for hydronephrosis & masses
    • Excellent for kidney trauma
slide20
Hyper-dense white (stone/bone)
  • Hypo-dense grey to black (fat/fluid)
slide24
MRI
  • + ve:
    • Excellent anatomy details
    • No radiation
  • - ve:
    • Expensive
    • Long scanning time (30 to 60 min)
    • Not used to diagnosed kidney stone
  • Used for:
    • Excellent for masses
    • Good for hydronephrosis
slide25
Hyper-intense (white)
  • Hypo-intense (grey to black)
nuclear medicine
Nuclear medicine
  • + ve:
    • Excellent to assess function
  • - ve:
    • Radiation
    • Poor anatomy details
  • Used for:
    • Evaluated function
    • Evaluated obstruction
nuclear medicine1
Nuclear medicine
  • Image features:
  • Projectional image.
  • Image contrast by tissue uptake and metabolism.
objectives
Objectives:
  • Introduction.
  • Imaging modalities used to study the back.
  • Anatomy and normal appearance of the back.
  • Common pathological cases.
case one
Case one:
  • Young male patient presented with left flank pain and hematuria no fever and normal WBC count.
case two
Case two:
  • Middle age women complaining of flank pain , fever and high WBC.
case three
Case three:
  • Old male patient complaining of recurrent renal infection.
case four
Case four:
  • Young female presented with decrease renal function (high urea and creatinine level).
case six
Case six:
  • old male patient presented with pain less hematura and weight loss.
case seven
Case seven:

Young male patient involved in road traffic accident with blunt trauma to the abdomen.

ad