Time line of the war
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Time Line of the War. 1941. Battle for North Africa ongoing – Started in late 1940 British suffering huge defeats at hands of German military German commander in North Africa – Erwin Rommel Pearl Harbor Attacked – December 7, 1941 – Brings America into World War II

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Time Line of the War

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Time Line of the War


1941

  • Battle for North Africa ongoing – Started in late 1940

    • British suffering huge defeats at hands of German military

    • German commander in North Africa – Erwin Rommel

  • Pearl Harbor Attacked – December 7, 1941 – Brings America into World War II

    • America declares war on Japan – December 8, 1941

  • Germany and Italy declare war on United States – December 11, 1941

  • American forces lose the islands of Guam, Wake Island, and Philippines

    • British lose Hong Kong

  • Battle for the Atlantic Begins

    • German U-boats were attacking shipping ways from U.S. to Great Britain – sinking American ships

    • America responds by building a huge amount of warships which makes convoys harder to take out

  • Germany ends Non-Aggression Pact with Soviet Union – German invasion of Soviet Union

    • One major factor Germany did not plan for – Russian Winter – this kills countless men and destroys many pieces of machinery


1942

  • Battle of Stalingrad begins – Germany storms major Soviet city but cannot take control of it

    • MAJOR TURNING POINT OF THE WAR!!!

    • This ends the German expansion and from this point forward Germany will shrink in size

  • Battle of El-Alamein fought – Britain finally gains a land victory against Germany in North Africa

  • Operation Torch enacted by U.S. military – invasion of North Africa through Morocco and Algeria


1942 (Pacific War Events) – Japan Offensive

  • American forces on Philippines surrender

    • Led to Bataan Death March – American soldiers were starved and forced to march 5 days straight across the Bataan Peninsula

  • Doolittle Raid occurs – April 18 – American pilots bomb Japan mainland

  • Americans win naval battle – Battle of Coral Sea

    • Led by Admiral Chester Nimitz

    • Stopped a Japanese invasion of Port Moresby – Americans lost a carrier and aircraft

    • First Japanese defeat in Pacific

  • Battle of Midway – Japan tried to destroy the remaining U.S. naval power in Pacific

    • America gained major advantage here – broke Japanese secret codes

    • Knew everything about the Japanese invasion

    • By winning this battle – American forces did great damage to Japanese navy

  • Battle of Guadalcanal begins – Americans first major land invasion against Japanese controlled territory


1943

  • Rommel’s forces defeated in North Africa

  • Allied forces begin invasion of Italy – invade Sicily

    • Led to many Italians turning on their leader Benito Mussolini

    • This saw the use of the Tuskegee Airmen – first segregated all African-American fighter pilot group in American history

  • Battle of Guadalcanal ends – Japanese flee the island

    • Americans show they are implementing a plan called Island Hopping or taking of strategic islands on way to Japanese mainland – attacked Japanese weak spots


1944

  • Allied forces invade Anzio on the Italian mainland – first time that Allied troops had foothold on European mainland since 1940.

  • D-Day Invasion occurs – June 6, 1944 – Allied invasion of France to speed up the end of the war

    • Led by: Omar Bradley

    • Largest amphibious assault in the history of war

    • Code name: Operation Overlord

    • Led to Allied forces breaking through German lines and moving quickly toward Germany

  • Battle of the Bulge – December 16, 1944 – refers to fight of Allied troops to sure up a bulge in American lines after a German counterattack

    • Germans were trying to Belgium city of Bastogne – major crossroads

    • American soldiers were stuck in the city

    • George S. Patton led his army 100 miles in 48 hours to relieve the men in Bastogne and chase the Germans away

  • Americans retake Philippines – MacArthur lives up to promise of returning

    • Major battle – Battle of Leyte Gulf – Japanese begin using Kamikaze attacks where pilots intentionally crash planes into targets.


1945

  • Yalta Conference – Roosevelt met with Churchill and Stalin to decide what to do with a post-war Germany

    • Divide it into 4 sectors – one sector each for British, French, Americans, and Soviets to occupy by using soldiers to control the region

  • March 7 – Americans enter Germany – led to capture of thousands of German soldiers

  • April 12 – President Roosevelt dies

  • Hitler commits suicide and dies in his bunker – April 30

  • May 7-8 – Germany surrenders = V-E Day (Victory in Europe)

  • June – United Nations is established

    • Purpose: To encourage cooperation among countries instead of going to war

  • Potsdam Conference occurs (July) – meeting where America and British tried to get Soviets to live up to Yalta Conference promises because of growing fear of Communism


1945 (Pacific War Events) – Japan Offensive

  • Battle of Iwo Jima begins – ends with American soldiers taking the high point of the island Mt. Suribachi

    • Japanese soldiers begin to fight to the death – no surrender

  • Battle of Okinawa – Americans have to fight cave to cave on the island to get the Japanese out of the island

    • Again all Japanese fight to the death

    • This along with Iwo Jima were areas that Americans wanted to take for land bases for heavy bomber aircraft

  • Fire Bombing of Tokyo Begins – dropped bombs that created firestorms in Tokyo destroying many buildings and killing many Japanese

    • Led by General Curtis LeMay

    • Led to Japanese wanting to start peace talks by going through Russia

  • August 6 – Enola Gay (B-29 Bomber) drops the first Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

  • August 9 – Second Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan after no surrender on first bomb drop

  • August 15 – Emperor Hirohito of Japan officially surrenders to Allies – V-J Day


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