The continental analytic divide
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 37

The Continental / Analytic Divide PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Continental / Analytic Divide. The Analytic / Continental Divide. What is the distinction between ‘Analytic’ and ‘Continental’ philosophy? Two approaches to the question: 1. Historical 2. Systematic. The Analytic / Continental Divide.

Download Presentation

The Continental / Analytic Divide

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

The continental analytic divide

The Continental / Analytic Divide

The analytic continental divide

The Analytic / Continental Divide

What is the distinction between ‘Analytic’ and ‘Continental’ philosophy?

Two approaches to the question:

1. Historical

2. Systematic

The analytic continental divide1

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Warning: Category conflation

‘Continental’ - Geography

‘Analytic’ -Method

However: ‘Analytic’ & ‘Continental’ are used

The analytic continental divide2

The Analytic / Continental Divide


Part 1: History of Distinction

Part 2: Systematic Analysis of Distinction


The analytic continental divide3

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Part 1: History of the distinction

“Kant . . . final great figure common to both analytic and Continental traditions” (CCCP, p. 1)

The analytic continental divide4

The Analytic / Continental Divide

The analytic continental divide5

The Analytic / Continental Divide

The ‘Analytic’/’Continental’ distinction is a product of analytic, not Continental philosophy!

The analytic continental divide6

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Two part characterization:“What distinguishes analytical philosophy, in its diverse manifestations, from other schools is the belief, first, that a philosophical account of thought can be attained through a philosophical account of language, and, secondly, that a comprehensive account can only be so attained”(Dummett, 1993)

The analytic continental divide7

The Analytic / Continental Divide

"Frege was the grandfather of analytical philosophy, Husserl the founder of the phenomenological school, two radically different philosophical movements . . . remarkably close in orientation . . . They may be compared with the Rhine and the Danube, which rise quite close to one another and for a time pursue roughly parallel courses, only to diverge in utterly different directions and flow into different seas„(Dummett, 1993)

The analytic continental divide8

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Analytic philosophers make notoriously bad historians . . .

NOT Frege/Husserl (ca. 1905)

BUT Bentham/Coledridge (ca. 1780)

Opposition in philosophical task: – Bentham: ask, is it true?

– Coleridge: ask, what’s its significance?

The analytic continental divide9

The Analytic / Continental Divide

History ofAnalytic movement: Frege, Russel, Moore, Wittgenstein,

Carnap, Putnam, Quine, and Olaf Müller

“Analytic philosophy began with the arrival of Wittgenstein in Cambridge in 1912” (OCP, 1995)

The analytic continental divide10

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Origins of Analytic Philosophy:

From Frege  through Russell & Wittgenstein  to Vienna & Berlin

The analytic continental divide11

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Two related difficulties:

1) technical nature

2)historical context“”Continuity” had been, a vague word convenient for philosophers like Hegel, who wished to introduce metaphysical muddles into mathematics. . . . .

. . . . a great deal of mysticism, such as that of Bergson, was renderd antiquated” (Russell. 1945)

The analytic continental divide12

The Analytic / Continental Divide

From analysis of arithmetic to the philosophy of logical analysis:

all significant thought and discourse can be analyzed into elementary propositions that directly picture states of affairs

The analytic continental divide13

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Examples: 1. material objects  sense-data

2. mental states  behavioral dispositions

The analytic continental divide14

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Historical context of the movementRelativity Theory ‘space’ and ‘time’  ‘space-time’ ‘matter’  ‘events’ Psychologymind as ‘mental’  mind as ‘physical’

The analytic continental divide15

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Philosophical problem-solving: e.g. ‘existence’ since Plato’s Theaetetus

“The golden mountain does not exist’ = “There is no entity c such that ‘x is golden and mountainous’ is true when x is c, but not otherwise”

The analytic continental divide16

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Philosophical Methods and Results like Science!

“Since science in principle can say all that can be said there is no unanswerable question left.” (Schlick, 1918)

The analytic continental divide17

The Analytic / Continental Divide

philosophy of logical analysisphilosophy of language

The analytic continental divide18

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Ordinary Language Philosophy or Linguistic Philosophy(1945-1960, Austin, Ryle)“Philosophy is not one of the natural sciences . . . The result of philosophy is not a number of ‘philosophical propositions’, but to make propositions clear.”(Wittgenstein)

The analytic continental divide19

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Carnap    Quine(Late Wittgenstein)

Contemporary Analytic philosophers:“think and write in the analytic spirit, respectful of science, both as a paradigm of reasonable belief and in conformity with its argumentative rigor, its clarity, and its determination to be objective” (OCP, 1995)

The analytic continental divide20

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Who? When? What? Why? & Who cares?

Anglo-American philosophers (ca. 1970)

Analytic / Continental distinction is a professional self-description

Distinguish philosophy from nonsense

Study Abroad / Ridicule

The analytic continental divide21

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Part II: Systematic Approach

What is the distinction between ‘analytic’ and ‘Continental philosophy?     What does this distinction between analytic and Continental philosophy mean?

II.a) What does ‘analytic’ mean?

II.b) What does ‘Continental’ mean?

II.c) What distinguishes them?

The analytic continental divide22

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Analytic philosophy is philosophical method

II.a) What is Analysis?

Analysis = decomposition

The analytic continental divide23

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Two experimental methods in chemistry:Chemical AnalysisChemical Synthesis

The analytic continental divide24

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Example of philosophical analysis:

What is knowledge?

A person P knows that K if and only if

1. P believes that K

2. P is justified in believing that K

3. It is true that K.

Knowledge decomposed into belief , justification & truth

The analytic continental divide25

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Multiple forms of philosophical analysis

Examples:1. analysis = explication explication = inexact concept  exact concept by informal explanation & illustrative example

Many forms of explication (e.g. Carnap, Kant, Husserl)

The analytic continental divide26

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Multiple forms of philosophical analysis


2. analysis = definition

definition = necessary and sufficient conditions for term’s correct application

logical, conceptual, reductive, constructive

The analytic continental divide27

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Two kinds of ‘analytic Philosophy‘

1. Philosophy of LanguageMoore Austin & Ryle- philosophy uncovers nonscientific truths

2. Naturalism“the complete science is a true description of reality: there is no other Truth and no other Reality” (Churchland, 1986)

Differ in aims and methods

The analytic continental divide28

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Conclusion of II.a) What does ‘analytic’ mean?

‘analytic philosophy’ = family resemblance concept

The analytic continental divide29

The Analytic / Continental Divide

II.b) What does ‘Continental’ mean?

Examples:Kant, Fichte, Schleiermacher, Hegel, Schelling, Schopenhaur, Feuerbach, Kierkegaard, Marx, Dilthey, Nietzsche, Brentano, Freud, Saussure, Bergson, Husserl, Cassirer, Jaspers, Bloch, Heidegger, Horkheimer, Gadamer, Lacan, Adorno, Sartre, Arendt, Camus, Fouclaut, Habermas, Derrida . . .

The analytic continental divide30

The Analytic / Continental Divide

II.b) What does ‘Continental’ mean?

Continental movements:

Kantianism, German Idealism, Hermeneutics, Philosophy of Life, Young Hegelians, Philosophy of Existence, Phenomenology, Marxism, Neo-Kantianism, Freudianism, Structuralism, Critical Theory, Lacanianism, Post-structuralism, French Feminism . . .

The analytic continental divide31

The Analytic / Continental Divide

Conclusions II.b) What does ‘Continental’ mean?

Not even family resemblance termMeans everything not analytic.

The analytic continental divide32

The Analytic / Continental Divide

III.c) What distinguishes them?

Two distinguishing factors:1. Relations to natural science

2. Relations to history

The analytic continental divide33

The Analytic / Continental Divide

III.c) What distinguishes them?

Relations to historyEvolutionary biology vs.Chemistry

The analytic continental divide34

The Analytic / Continental Divide


The question: “What is the distinction between ‘Analytic’ and ‘Continental’ philosophy?”is an awful question.

The analytic continental divide35

The Analytic / Continental Divide

  • Login